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6 months ago

280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

− Installed capacity

− Installed capacity of about 300 kWp solar panels that generates electricity from renewable energy sources to feed in four Governorate buildings in the city of Luxor, and − Street lighting changed from conventional lighting to LED lighting that saved about 80 per cent of the energy consumption. 4. Climate data and Climate change projections 4.1. Climate overview in Luxor Climate in Egypt is generally hot in summer and cold in winter but is known for its very low humidity. The annual mean temperatures increase from around 20°C on the Mediterranean coastline to around 24°C on the Red Sea coastline, with a difference of 5°C. It is 25°C in Cairo (the capital) and 26°C further south in Luxor and Aswan, with a seasonal variation of about ±7°C. The typical daytime maxima in mid-summer ranges from 30°C in Alexandria and to 41°C in Aswan (Upper Egypt); while the corresponding temperature north-south range in mid-winter daytime maxima is ranging from 18°C to 23°C. This makes even winter daytime in the south pleasantly warm and sunny, with cool nights, as further north. On the northern coastal strip, the winter cyclonic disturbances moving eastwards along the Mediterranean Sea bringing some significant rainfall and, even at Alexandria on the coast, the total annual rainfall averages are only 196 mm. The Governorate of Luxor is characterized as a subtropical desert low-latitude arid hot climate, which means that the temperatures remain warm all year round with very little rainfall. There are only two distinct seasons in Luxor, a hot summer and a mild winter. The humidity in Luxor is low, but it has extremely high temperatures during the summer months, which means that the heat can be very uncomfortable. Summer – Luxor The months of June, July, August and September are the hottest time of the year in the Governorate of Luxor with temperatures ranging between an average high of 39 degrees Celsius and 44 degrees Celsius, nevertheless, July and August are the hottest months of the year with night time lows of between 20 degrees Celsius and 22 degrees Celsius. Precipitation is very rare though as the amount of rainfall is about 1-2mm during May, June July, August and October, so the amount is so minimal. Winter – Luxor Temperatures ranging between 23 degrees Celsius and 35 degrees Celsius on average in the winter months and with the exception of February, March and April the winter months are without rainfall. Winter begins in November and ends in April. The night time temperatures get much colder in the winter than they do in the summer with the extreme low of 5 degrees occurring in January, the coolest month of the year. Climate data that covers mean temperature and precipitation levels are highlighted in Figure 18. 90

a. Ambient temperature (2000-2012) b. Precipitation and Average Rainfall days Figure 18: Climate data (Mean Temperature and Precipitation Level (year 2000- 2012), Luxor According to Figure 18.a, the warmest month of the year is July, with an average temperature of 33 °C with the highest average temperature of 44°C. In January, the average temperature is 15°C. It is the lowest average temperature of the whole year. Also, it is clear from Figure18.b, that Luxor has very low rate of rainfall ranging from 1 day to none each month. The month of May has the highest precipitation (4.2 mm), and August being the lowest (0.0 mm). Climate data – maximum and minimum temperature (Feb – July 2017), Luxor Source: http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/weather/maps/city?LANG=en&WMO=62405&ART=MXMN&CONT=afri&R=0&LEVEL=150®ION=0011&LAND=EG&NOREGION=1&MOD=&TMX=&TMN= &SON=&PRE=&MONAT=&OFFS=&SORT=&MM=07&YY=2017&WEEK=24 Climate data - Annual maximum and minimum temperature 2017, Luxor 91

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