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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

Built Environment

Built Environment Economy Buildings’ stock and materials Tourist Agriculture Extreme heat Droughts Sea level rise* Significantly fewer waves due to coral reefs Storms Floods Extreme heat Droughts Sea level rise* Significantly fewer waves due to coral reefs - Increased maintenance costs - Flooding at the city level of the afflicted public building infrastructure (schools, hospitals, etc.) - Difficulties in providing the envisaged services - Concrete’s damages - Increased cooling demands - Higher maintenance costs - Urban heat island effect - Higher water demand - Sinkholes collapse - Extensive damages and loss of property - Impact on coastal zone economy - Damages - Increased maintenance costs - Damages - Increased maintenance costs - Change of the tourism season – lower touristic flows - Reduction of the tourism related economy - Increased water supply costs - Potential increase of indirect costs for the tourists (infrastructure related) & reduction of touristic flows - Damages and even complete destruction of touristic infrastructure, nearby coastal areas and deltas Low Low High High High High Medium Low Low Low Medium Low Low Medium High Medium Low Low Low Medium Low Medium Storms - Damages to touristic facilities Medium Medium Floods Extreme heat Droughts - Damages to touristic facilities - Potential effects on the touristic flows, in areas with flooding history - Changes in growth cycle - Damages / loss of harvest - Livestock loss and impacts on health - Lower crop yields - Increased fire risks - Damages / loss of harvest - Lower crop yields - Livestock loss and impacts on health - Land degradation Medium N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Medium N/A N/A 96

Sea level rise* Significantly fewer waves due to coral reefs Storms Floods - Increased fire risks - Damages / loss of harvest in areas near delta, sea etc. - Increased water salinity will result in existing crops’ long-term destruction. - Damages/ loss of harvest in afflicted areas - Surface soil erosion - Damages/ loss of harvest in afflicted areas - Livestock loss - Surface soil erosion Extreme heat - Loss of specific species (fish, etc.) Medium Medium N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Droughts - Increase of coastal water salinity Low Low Coastal zone eco- systems Sea level rise* Significantly fewer waves due to coral reefs - Loss of specific species (fish, etc.) - Soil erosion - Water salinization Medium Medium Storms - Soil erosion Medium Medium Floods - Soil erosion Medium Medium Biodiversity Extreme heat Droughts - Fires and destruction of the ecosystem, flora and fauna - Fires and destruction of the ecosystem, flora and fauna N/A N/A N/A N/A Green zones/ Forests Sea level rise* Very less waves due to corals - Increase of underground water salinity and destruction of the ecosystem Low Low Storms - Destruction of trees and other damages N/A N/A Floods - Destruction of trees and other damages N/A N/A The vulnerability analysis of the city of Hurghada – Governorate of the Red Sea, was carried out by combining the results of Table 16 and the probability of scale 1 (High), 2 (Medium), and 3 (Low) for each of the 10 receptors. The Risk Assessment of the receptors and Risk Assessment of the city of Hurghada are presented in Table 17 and Figure 23. 97

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