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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

Executive Summary The

Executive Summary The sustainable energy and climate action plan (SECAP) is a strategic document as well as an operational tool. It defines a global framework, with quantifiable objectives to be reached by 2030, based on emissions reference inventory (BEI) and the detailed assessment of energy consumption for the City of Hurghada – Governorate of Red Sea, Egypt. The SECAP for Hurghada was developed as part of the CES-MED (Cleaner Energy Saving Mediterranean Cities) project, funded by the European Union. The CES MED project aims to support the cities in developing their SECAP in resonance with the already existing strategies for the participating cities and governorates. This SECAP – CES-MED project is pursued and coordinated with the National Committee of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFAs) – National Focal Point, in collaboration with the Ministry of Local Development (MoLD) and in close coordination with the Governorate of the Red Sea and key directorates of the concerned ministries in the Governorate. The SECAP structure document includes four sections: Section I: Section II: Section III: Section IV: Governorate Climate and Energy Strategy Baseline Emission Inventory Actions Planned Climate Adaptation Section I: Governorate climate and energy strategy This section presents the national strategy and the main ambitions and framing regulations. It highlights the sectorial policies, mainly the energy efficiency in the building sector, including sustainable lighting, renewable energy development as well as the national transport strategy and the tourism targets. It also highlights the strategic vision for sustainable energy of the Governorate of Red Sea and the City of Hurghada. In addition, it presents the Governorate’s current situation and analyses future opportunities regarding their strategic plans. The section also showcases the guiding principles for the municipal strategy on sustainable energy and the vision and objectives of the City of Hurghada addressing the short-term objectives 2020 and the medium-term and long-term objectives 2030. Moreover, it exhibits the capacity reinforcement in terms of training actions and awareness-raising actions. Finally, this section establishes the organisational aspects, mainly: a) the organisational structure to implement the SECAP; b) the role of the municipal council; c) Local and national coordination; d) Citizens Awareness Promotion Plan (CAPP) to educate and inform the local population and stakeholders by the Governorate of the Red Sea and the CES-MED team; e) budget and foreseen financing sources for the investments within the action plan; and f) financing the SECAP. Section II: Baseline Emission Inventory This section of the SECAP presents the Baseline Emission Inventory (BEI) of the City of Hurghada, Governorate of Red Sea, Egypt. The BEI, which is part of the preparation for the Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan (SECAP), is based on calculation and not measurements. It includes the scope and methodological principles of the Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions of the City of Hurghada based on data collection from the Governorate of Red Sea and many other national and governmental entities. The BEI covers many sectors such as: a) Residential buildings; b) Tertiary buildings and Public lighting; c) Industry; d) Transport; e) Waste and water management; f) Agriculture (crops, animal production and fishing); and g) Tourism. This section also depicts the results of energy consumption and GHG emissions for these sectors. Results indicated that Transport and Tourism sectors are the highest sectors in terms of annual energy consumption and GHG emissions, with 1,303 GWh/year (39%) and 1,196 GWh/year (36%) of the total annual consumption of 3,338 GWh/year and 26% and 37% contribution in the GHG emissions respectively, followed by the Residential and Tertiary sectors (16% and 12% in terms of GHG emissions). In addition, it highlights the Governorate assets and energy consumption and GHG emissions (Governorate buildings, Governorate fleet and water and waste management). Finally, it presents the BAU scenario forecasts and the important rise of emissions from 2015 till 2020 and stabilisation till 2030. 8

Section III: Actions Planned This section presents the Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan that has been developed by the Governorate of the Red Sea in coordination with the Transitions Team. The current action plan will result in achieving a 27% reduction in GHG emission compared to the business as usual scenario in 2030 for the concerned sectors where emissions would reach 1,727 ktons CO2eq/year. The proposed actions have been designed on the basis of the baseline emission and energy consumption inventory. This section is structured in three parts: a) Background information, including a brief overview of basic information for the city of Hurghada; b) Governorate buildings and services and presenting the activities that fall under the direct responsibility of the Governorate of Red Sea (the buildings it manages and the services it implements as part of its core competencies); and c) the action plans on the City of Hurghada – including presentation of activities that can be run by stakeholders independently from the Governorate, but need to be stimulated and steered by the Governorate services in order to ensure everyone is acting within a consistent plan. In addition, this section highlights the priority actions for the City of Hurghada – Governorate of the Red Sea as follows: Priority Action #1 – Transport: Urban Sustainable Mobility Master Plan Priority Action #2 – Tourism: Sustainable Green Boats Priority Action #3 – Tourism: Green and Sustainable Hotels and Resorts Priority Action #4 – Sustainable Approach for Governorate Buildings Priority Action #5 – Sustainable Approach for Residential Buildings Priority Action #6 – Solar Energy Development Priority Action #7 – Green City Awareness Unit Section IV: Climate Adaptation This chapter aims to provide the Governorate of the Red Sea’s (Municipality) Climate Adaptation Strategy, based on the city’s vulnerability to climate change, climate risk assessment and climate adaptation actions adopted. The proposed structure of this section has been developed based on extensive literature review. This section gives an introduction to climate change impacts, particularly in Mediterranean countries with emphasis on Egypt, mainly urban areas, costal zones, agriculture, water and ecosystems, health and Tourism. It also highlights the national and regional strategy on Climate Change Adaptation (CCA). This is followed by a sub-section dedicated to climate data feeding in estimations of the climate change impacts in the future, as well the evolution of the climate conditions in the area (temperature increase, rainfalls etc.). In addition, the adaptation scoreboard including a self-assessment from the Governorate of Red Sea against the standard adaptation scoreboard in the SECAP template is also presented. This section also focuses on the climate data and climate change projections with a climate overview in Hurghada, highlighting the main climate trends. It highlights the climate change risks by sectors in the City of Hurghada and the Governorate’s score in the adaptation cycle specific steps. Section IV also presents the risk analysis and vulnerability assessment conducted, based on the Future Cities Adaptation Compass tool, as well as suggested templates for the risk assessment of the City of Hurghada. It also depicts the National Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Measures, including the Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP) and adopted measures within the framework of the INDCs - based on adaptation challenges in the agricultural sector, costal zones, and health and energy sectors - are presented. Furthermore, this section sheds lights on the national adaptation action plan, mainly in coastal zones, water resources and irrigation as well as agricultural, health, tourism, building and energy sectors. Finally, it highlights the proposed adaptation actions in the City of Hurghada in terms of strategic actions. 9

  • Page 1 and 2: This project is funded by the Europ
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  • Page 5 and 6: Table of contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • Page 9: List of tables TABLE 1: EMISSION FA
  • Page 13 and 14: capacities under construction, resu
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  • Page 17 and 18: To mobilize all stakeholders in and
  • Page 19 and 20: 9. Coordinate with the government o
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  • Page 23 and 24: - Information on national energy po
  • Page 25 and 26: Section II: Baseline Emission Inven
  • Page 27 and 28: Figure 2: Considered themes in BEI
  • Page 29 and 30: Residential buildings In th
  • Page 31 and 32: Volume Energy equivalent Diesel con
  • Page 33 and 34: Air transport was estimated from th
  • Page 35 and 36: average. Although, this figure stil
  • Page 37 and 38: Energy consumption in GWh 12.0 10.0
  • Page 39 and 40: GHG emissions in tCO 2eq/year in 20
  • Page 41 and 42: Governorate of the Red Sea in 2015
  • Page 43 and 44: and climate transition, • It will
  • Page 45 and 46: temperature control system. There i
  • Page 47 and 48: Even if LED lamps cost far more (hi
  • Page 49 and 50: Budget These figures are ro
  • Page 51 and 52: 4.1.6. Awareness campaign C
  • Page 53 and 54: of the Red Sea, would implement a S
  • Page 55 and 56: sustainable and green tourism throu
  • Page 57 and 58: power air compressors for diving ac
  • Page 59 and 60: To design and implement an adequate
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    Energy in MWh/year Situation in 201

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    4.3.3. Biogas As previously mention

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    Section IV: Climate Adaptation Plan

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    populated cities and suburbs). In t

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    Severe floods hit Alexandria, 24th

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    scenario is estimated to be about 1

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    place in many cities such as Alexan

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    • Third National Communication on

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    − Develop a database for all chan

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    a. Maximum & Minimum temperature Fe

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    Temperature 4.2.1. Main climate tre

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    The following figures present the s

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    and August 2017. More specifically:

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    The Governorate of the Red Sea (mun

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    Receptors Extreme weather event - A

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    Infrastructure Receptors Social Ext

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Sea level rise* Significantly fewer

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    Sea level rise* Significantly fewer

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    een created to mitigate and evaluat

  • Page 111 and 112: Coastal Zones Adaptation op

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    • Alert /Communication actions: T

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    Controlled flood management zones h

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    Alert / Communication Educational T

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    Technical Utilization of drip irrig

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    tourists’ transports that current

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    in particular and in the Governorat

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    3. Organization and procedures Form

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    - European Commission (EC), - Europ

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    2. City of Hurghada (Governorate of

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    - Climate Change Risk Management Pr

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    • Ministry of Tourism (MoTrm) - r

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    Component 4 It will assess costs of

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    6. Assumptions and risks - The key

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    3. City of Hurghada (Governorate of

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    - Second National Communication on

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    Administrative and coordination pro

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    The action plans (stage A) to suppl

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    converting Hotels and resorts by na

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    - Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Dev

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    - Egypt’s Sustainable Development

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    - Turn off electric equipment at th

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    - Municipality and Governorate - Go

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    Return on Investment (draft calcula

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    5. City of Hurghada - Governorate o

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    - Public Private Partnership - PPP

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    Administrative and coordination pro

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    design and implement an adequate en

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    and ensure the implementation of th

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    - Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (A

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    Renewable energy at the city of Hur

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    - Design of Feed-in Tariffs 2012, -

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    * Calculation based on 1,278 € pe

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    - Ministry of Defense (MoD) and Min

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    Draft calculation of the NPV and re

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    7. City of Hurghada - Governorate o

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    - Environmental Awareness - Trainin

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    1. More efficient use of energy, es

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    • Successful projects in national

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    8. City of Hurghada - Governorate o

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    - Code for Improving Energy Consump

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    Costal Zones sector: 1. Reduce clim

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    permits, approvals and follow up pr

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    - European Bank for Reconstruction

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    o o Table 3 presents the proposed a

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    I. Identification of the target aud

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    sector. It would be recommended to

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    - Roles and responsibilities (Commu

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    Carnival competition (Ministry of I

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    enefits and the feasibility of inve

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    6 months apart from heavy tourist s

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    - With the campaign 2.1.1, link the

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    The dependence of Marinas and yacht

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    Template 3.2 CAPP activities as rel

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    - Smart service for smart people -

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    protection, Promote green tourism i

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    adapt/improve measures according to

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    Omran E. Frihy, Khalid M. DewidarMo

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    The European Union is made up of 28

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