9 months ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

tourism on the seashore.

tourism on the seashore. The Governorate is currently designing such a land use planning. It would be necessary to include as early as possible consideration on climate mitigation and adaptation in this exercise as well as objective to better preserve biodiversity along the shore and in city’s surrounding desert environment. 7.3.2. Education & awareness raising Actions are regularly conducted to raise awareness among all stakeholders living and/or using the City of Hurghada territory, to highlight how fragile this environment is, flagging the interdependencies between the different components that nourish the City’s economy: tourism, building and services. Specific actions should be developed to educate tourists on ways to conserve natural resources, preserve water and save energy, especially as they are the one enjoying this fragile environment. 7.3.3. Technical measures Develop greening infrastructure such as buildings’ roofs and walls covered with greenery to increase the amount of shade and refresh the environment. The very presence of trees and plants generates a cooling effect on the immediate environment. A pilot project on a Governorate’s building roof is underway to study economics and generalising on all public buildings. Likewise, developing green areas in the city by planting trees and set fountains will help reduce the heat island effect. Trees and green areas were already established in the city’s streets to increase shades and more projects are underway. Build exemplary districts with climate friendly and climate adapted urban forms and buildings. The combination of innovative techniques (including the Nubian Vault mentioned above), adequate district design and greenery development could result in much appreciated urban environment. Other techniques such as white roofs, natural shading and bioclimatic design could be integrated in these exemplary districts. Protect the biodiversity. This programme should include tree planting (using native species) along the shore and the Wady to improve biodiversity protection. The programme should also develop action to preserve the very specific biodiversity of the desert surrounding the City of Hurghada. Beach nourishment or replenishment is the artificial placement of sand, gravel and small pebbles, on an eroded shore to maintain the amount of sand present in the foundation of the coast. This allows to compensate for natural erosion and to protect the area against storm surge. Beach nourishment also often aims at maintaining beaches (beach width for tourism and recreational purposes). In Hurghada, costal area and beaches benefit protection actions against erosion and maintenance. Note also that the law prohibits touching the coral reefs and/or using it as building material. Costal zones management law has been enacted in new development of beaches. 7.4. Adopted adaptation actions per sector– City of Hurghada Tables 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 focuses on a set of suggested adaptation actions on the population and public health, infrastructure, built environment, economy, biodiversity in City of Hurghada, Governorate of the Red Sea. TABLE 18: SUGGESTED ADAPTATION ACTIONS FOR POPULATION AND PUBLIC HEALTH – GOVERNORATE OF THE RED SEA Actions’ characteristics Strategic Adaptation Actions Actions 2017 Health action plan for the extreme events that the municipality is facing, e.g., heat, etc., (Heat health action plan). Provide access to air conditioning in public buildings during heat waves Governorate of the Red Sea, city of Hurghada Not developed Public buildings to shelter 106

Alert / Communication Educational Technical or other extreme events, for those citizens that lack the infrastructure to protect themselves (people living in underground apartments during floods, or lacking AC during extreme temperatures etc.). Collaboration with the regional medical services to increase preparedness level. Developing an early warning system to alert citizens in the case of extreme weather events or natural disasters such as heat waves, floods, tsunami, etc. Educational and awareness raising campaigns about health-related effects of heat waves, floods, vector-borne diseases, etc., and educate residents on the ways to protect their health, prevent infection/impact. Regular cleaning and maintenance of the sewage and drainage system Identification of potential hot spots for the development of vector borne diseases Frequent monitoring of water and air quality affected citizens in the case of storms, but not in the case of heat waves Collaboration exists Aerial mapping, maps and records are used for evaluation of such alert actions Education, awareness raising, campaigns are continuously conducted Done regularly Done during observation and monitoring Instant monitoring TABLE 19: SUGGESTED ADAPTATION ACTIONS FOR INFRASTRUCTURE – GOVERNORATE OF THE RED SEA Actions’ characteristic Adaptation Actions Actions 2017 Governorate of the Red Sea, city of Hurghada Strategic Water and Waste Water Management plan (WWWM) There is a plan in the WWWM company Alert / Communication Educational New specifications for bridges, according to maximum expected flow during floods or sea level rise and highest temperatures Modelling predicted supply changes in the electricity from the locally available RES sources that serve the community, as a result of the climate change Frequent monitoring of the infrastructure in order to spot and quickly repair any damages Issuing alerts in case a part of the infrastructure has been severely damaged and citizens should avoid it Developing guides and awareness raising campaigns for citizens on how to save water and energy, especially during crisis There are no bridges in the city of Hurghada. The only new bridge near Safaga is a new one according to specifications. Not yet done Monitoring is done on a weekly basis during infrastructure meeting Alerts have been issued / diversions were made Done and conducted continuously Technical Integration of sustainable drainage systems Under execution Establishment of underground water reservoirs Building desalination plants based on the best available technologies New or upgrade of (coastal) flood defence systems near affected facilities. Potential re-engineering to increase the height of quaysides. Development of controlled flood management zones near afflicted facilities Not existing Desalination plants (DPs) were built and new DPs are under construction Upgrading of FDS is underway through building new lakes water breakers Development is underway after residents were moved away from affected facilities. 107

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