3 weeks ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

Section V: Project

Section V: Project Fiches 1. City of Hurghada, Governorate of the Red Sea – Priority Action # 1 for SECAP 1. General presentation Title: URBAN SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY MASTER PLAN # 1 Summary of the Action Current Status – Transport in the City of Hurghada (Governorate of the Red Sea) Transport in the City of Hurghada – Governorate of the Red Sea is one of the key concerns to be addressed, as this sector is both a significant domain of energy consumption (39% with 1303 GWh/year, of which 1,773 MWh/year are from Municipal fleet) and the first GHG emitter (33% with 639,649 tons CO2 equivalent/year, of which 607 tCO2 equivalent/year (0.09%) are from Municipal fleet. Also, the GHG emission from tourists’ transport amounts to 115,531 tonsCO2eq/year (1,302,887 MWh/year), making the total GHG emissions 755,180 tons CO2eq/year. In addition, to 35,972 private vehicles and 10,405 motorcycles on the roads. Citizen Mobility and transports’ services are ensured by commercial transport (Taxi – 3905 & Public Buses – 117, with total 4022). Also, there are 27 Taxis with Counter and 56 Microbus between Governorates, and 1129 Microbus (service) – these are at the Governorate level; a mix of private vehicles shared taxis are ensuring transport within the city of Hurghada and its boundaries and with neighbouring cities, nearby Governorates. Moreover, there are 66 small trucks for transporting goods in the city. By including the tourists’ transport there are 3,391 vehicles for moving tourists, including: a) 590 Hotel buses; b) 749 Sedan cars; c) 267 microbuses; and d) 1785 buses. All the above means of non-clean transport are using fossil fuels that negatively impact the city’s air quality, resorts and hotels nearby or in the heart of the urban part of the city. Such problem is not limited to roads, but also extended to water transport’ means, especially tourists’ small boats that run by fossil fuel in the Red Sea, which are causing water and air pollutions to beaches near by the shores. The Governorate has no public transport, but depends mainly on private network and horses’ carriages for moving tourists around heritage sites. The Governorate of the Red Sea, particularly the city of Hurghada (Municipality) now wants to move forward to holistically solve these challenges by designing a “Sustainable, Clean and Green Urban Mobility Master Plan – SCGUMMP” integrating urban planning, infrastructure management, technical innovation and behavioural change to promote a green and resilient city. General Objectives of the project The “Sustainable Urban Mobility Master Plan” will be Hurghada’ strategic roadmap to improve mobility, while reducing energy consumption and GHG emissions from the highest emitting sector - Transport. The aim of this master plan is to switch to green transport and mobility, including Location: City of Hurghada, Governorate of the Red Sea Start date: December 2017 Project lifetime: 5 years End: December 2022 Estimated cost € 240 k€ initial investment 50K€ Common charter for transport services. 170 K€ Urban sustainability mobility master plan design. 20 K€ for training. 4.1 m€ key components 100 K€ Incentives for new engines. 2 m€ Investment on active mobility (cycling & walking) 2 m€ Urban planning for traffic optimization. Status of the Action: • New • Planned • Following previous action. 110

tourists’ transports that currently use fossil fuel. This plan will lower GHG emitting from transport sector, reduce air and water pollution near the coastal zones, and hotels and resorts in the city, as well as improve the quality of life in the City of Hurghada. This action supports the Governorate to attain the SDS 2030 and contribute in achieving SDG 7: Ensure Access to Affordable Reliable, Sustainable and Modern Energy for All, and SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, particularly in Egypt SDS 2030 Strategic objectives under energy and environment sectors. National Strategy, Policies, Laws and Programmes General: Vision and Strategy Egypt’s Vision 2030, - Egypt’s Sustainable Development Strategy – SDS 2030, and - Egypt’s Green Economy Strategy – GES 2030. Specific Strategy and Policy Strategy - Transport Strategy and Action Plan, - Freight Transport (MFT) strategy MoTr and JICA, - Sustainability - Tourism, Energy Use and Conservation (2014), - National Strategy for Integrated Coastal Management – NSICM, MoEnv, - EU-Egypt Action Plan for Egypt’s National Development Plan (2002 – 2007), - Tourism, Energy Use and Conservation – TEUC (2014), - National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction – NSACCDRR (2011), and - EU-Egypt Action Plan for Egypt’s National Development Plan (2002 – 2007). Policies - National Sustainable Transport Policy, - Transport Policy and Planning, and - National Air Quality Policy – NAQP, UNEP (2015). Climate Change Policies - Environmental Air Quality Policy – UNDP (2015), - Third National Communication on Climate Change – EEAA and UNDP (2014), - Second National Communication on Climate Change – EEAA and UNDP (2010), and - Initial National Communication on Climate Change – MoEnv and EEAA (1999). Legislations, Laws and Decrees Laws - New Investment Laws (2017), - Climate Change Legislations (2015), - Clean Development Mechanism – CDM (2010), - Integrated Coastal Zone Management – ICZM (1994), - Environmental Protection (1994, 2015), and - Public Partnership with Private sectors – PPP (2010). 111

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