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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

5. Assumptions and risks

5. Assumptions and risks Mobility is a very complex issue and the potential impact (good or bad) of the different scenarios is very difficult to assess, which may lead to options hard to distinguish on their merits. Beyond promoting new sustainable services and/or new green infrastructures, reducing mobility needs and mobility demand is very dependent on public mobilization on the issue. Public mobilization is also highly dependent on a combination of different factors: • Costs of current transports (gasoline and diesel) have not been expensive; it is hard to convince car drivers to switch to other options that might be less costly but also appeared to be less practical, • People will change behaviour adopting for example collective transport when these solutions would prove to be reliable and efficient. Hence any innovation would need to be supported by public authorities for a while, before people understand the many benefits of this solution, and • This is why long-term planning of both solution and investments are required (guided by the master plan). 6. Key success factors • The huge nuisances generated by poorly organized mobility services mean that people are willing to act, a soon as they see potential green and public solutions that answer their personal needs while taking into account the collective commitment the Governorate implement, • Public participation can help designing ambitious solution, • Determination of the Governor of Red Sea (with the support of Ministry of Interior, GOPP and Traffic Dept.) to seriously act on the issue is obviously an important element to consider. Hence, the approval from the Governor and his backing towards political and local authorities is absolutely essential, and • Availability of funds to prepare the plans and to implement the proposed actions. 7. Cost estimates Common charter for transport service improvement in the City Design of the Mobility Master plan (SCGUMMP) (see detail in SECAP) Incentives to new engines Training for Governorate staff Active mobility development Traffic optimisation through urban planning 50,000 € 170,000 € 100,000 € 20,000 € 2,000,000 € 2,000,000 € 8. Available and foreseen sources of funding to be developed Local authority's own resources: International Financial Institutions 58 : - The World Bank (WB), - United Nations Development Program (UNDP), National Funds and Programs EU Funds & Programs and other external funds 58 The Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation, MoIIC – Available at: http://www.miic.gov.eg/Front/Cooperation/DevPartnerList.aspx/ (Accessed on: 14.08.2017) 116

- European Commission (EC), - European Investment Banks (EIB), - European Bank for Reconstruction Development a (EBRD), - French Development Agency (AFD), - United States Agency for International Development (USAID), - Kreditanstalt fur Wiederaufbau (kfW), - German Technical Cooperation (GIZ), - Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), - OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID), - Islamic Development Bank (IDB), - African Development Bank (ADB), - Arab Fund for Social & Economic Development (AFSED), - Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (ADFD), - Arab Fund for Economic & Social Development (AFESD) - International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) - Khalifa Fund for Enterprise Development (KFED), - Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development (KFAED), - Middle East and North Africa Transition Fund (MENATF), Saudi Fund for Development (SFD). Public-Private-Partnerships (available or to raise) Loans and potential borrower Lined up private investments Expected annual cost savings to City budget 9. Projected Energy Estimates in 2020 (or other set target year) Assumptions: - The Common charter for transport service improvement in the City will improve management and awareness among transport operators, leading to a 10% reduction in energy consumption from 2020 onwards (without significant investment). - Providing the Sustainable, Clean and Green Urban Mobility Master Plan implementation would have started in 2020 the latest and would demonstrate a 50% progress in implementation in 2030 the expected impact of such a plan should generate a reduction of 30% by 2030. This would include: - New engine technologies will allow securing a 10% reduction - Active mobility development (cycling and walking) allow 5% reduction - Urban planning allow traffic optimization cutting consumption by 10 % - Public transport system and RTB service to the airport result in another 5% reduction Total reduction Renewable energy production MWh/y - 130,290 MWh/y - 130,290 MWh/y - 65,145 MWh/y - 130,290 MWh/y - 65,145 MWh/y 521,160 MWh/y Not relevant 117

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