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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

Section I: Governorate

Section I: Governorate climate and energy strategy 1. Introduction The Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan (SECAP) is a strategic document as well as an operational tool. It defines a global framework, with quantifiable objectives to be reached by 2030, based on emissions reference inventory (BEI) and the detailed assessment of energy consumption. Before providing a detailed account of the concrete measures undertaken to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote the development of sustainable energy, it is essential to describe the overall Governorate strategy and its connection with the national energy transition and climate change mitigation policies. Being mostly dependant on imported energy, Egypt will benefit from converging efforts to reduce energy consumption in all sectors and develop energy production from all renewable sources available. 2. National strategy 2.1. Main ambitions and framing regulations At the national level, there are many initiatives, policies, guidelines, programs and projects that have been designed and implemented by the Egyptian government with the support of public institutions, international funders, nongovernmental organizations and the private sector. Egypt developed its sustainable energy policy road map with the aim to increase the operating and technical efficiency of distribution utilities, improve energy conservation and load management and diversify the sources of the regional electricity supply. The goals of this roadmap are threefold: 1. 22% of total electricity consumption sourced from renewables by 2022. 2. 20% of total new electricity generation from renewables by 2020. Of this 20%, 63% is from wind, 2% Solar, 10% CSP, and 25% Hydro. 3. 80% of electricity demand from local generation (of all fuels) by 2020. It was 88.4% in 2015. The Egyptian Government has set plans to increase the share of Renewable Energies (RE) in its electricity supply from the current 9% to 20% by 2020. Many laws, by-laws, regulations and decrees have been developed and endorsed. Given that RE only made up 2% of the total energy mix in 2012, and that Energy Efficiency (EE) measures were not yet deployed at a large scale, the targets are ambitious, indicating a strong political will to reduce the energy consumption. In accordance with this ambition, the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Comprehensive Law (EG-REEEL) No. 203 of year 2014 has been developed to promote RE self-consumption, which has a comprehensive basis for supporting schemes and incentives and promotes the use of renewable energy. The EG-REEEL is a unique law made specifically for the MENA region, since it is a dedicated and comprehensive law with incentives for the private sector to invest in RE. This law proved that REEE has been effective in increasing renewable power capacity and has put the country on track to meet its RE target of 20% by 2020. The New and Renewable Energy Agency (NREA) has been actively promoting largescale wind and solar energy projects for a long period, but not small-scale RE projects until recently 1 . In 2017, an initiative for solar energy projects to include small scale was launched by the NREA. In the last two years, several Net-metering and Feed-in-tariff incentives were announced and have led to the construction of roughly 6,000 rooftop PV systems in remote areas, which also contribute to environmental protection and achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The EG-REEEL allowed the private sector to have 720 MW of RE 1 Elkhayt, M. 2016. The Egyptian Perspective: The Status Quo of Renewable Energies and the Framework of Energy-Governance, Ch. 1; “A Guide to Renewable Energy in Egypt and Jordan: Current Situation and Future Potentials.” ISBN: 978‐9957-484-62-0, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. Available at: www.fes-jordan.org/ (Accessed: 31.08.2016). 10

capacities under construction, resulting from the establishment of merchants’ IPP scheme. The REEEL addresses three main issues: 1. Establishment of new RE installations and grid connections, including ‘net metering’, which was endorsed in September 2014 by the Feed-in-Tariff Law. 2. Egypt’s Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Fund (EG-REEEF) has been established in 2012, but not funded. 3. Tax and Customs regulations have been under review since the 3 rd Quarter of 2016. Egypt has developed an Energy Efficiency Plan in the Electricity Sector to save 5,566 GWH between 2012 and 2015, mainly by measures in the lighting sector, including: − − − The first phase: Change to high efficiency lighting in the household sector planning the distribution of 60 million bulbs to saved 3,320 GWH, The second phase: programme of energy efficiency standards and labelling for household appliances. This saved 1,663 GWH, and; Energy saving in street lighting of 1,200 GWH; supported by the Association of Energy Efficiency Engineers (AEEE). The Egyptian Government adopted a strategic EE roadmap. Additionally, the new energy prices policy takes into account the low income of a large proportion of the population as well as the competitiveness of industry, with the hopes of not jeopardising their supply. It is important to notice that Egypt acknowledges the key role that local authorities are playing and will continue to play in the necessary energy transition the country should go through. As a sign of this attention paid to local authorities, the Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy (MoERE), in collaboration with the Ministry of Local Development (MoLD), took the lead in promoting the development of a Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan in the Governorate of Hurghada. The Egyptian Cabinet adopted an institutional strategy for energy efficiency, with the aim to establish bundles of decentralised Energy Efficiency Offices (EEOs) in energy-intensive sectors. These EEOs will be responsible for achieving sector-specific energy efficiency indicators. The EEO of the Ministerial Council for Energy Issues (MCEI) is responsible for drawing up energy efficiency governmental policies and for coordinating energy efficiency measures across sectors. Following the model of the Arabic energy efficiency guidelines, the MoERE approved and adopted a National Action Plan that provides an increase of approximately 10% in energy efficiency in the electricity sector. Also, Egypt has developed a strategy for renewable energy covering 7 objectives. These strategic objectives will lead to the increase of the shares of solar energy, wind energy and hydroelectricity to 26,000 MW. The Egyptian Government has also developed a plan for improving Energy Efficiency in the electricity sector to save electricity by 5,566 GWh from the total generated power in 2015. In addition, Egypt has set a target for wind energy. The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) was developed and finalised in March 2015. Furthermore, Egypt is planning to produce 20% of its total energy generation out of renewable energy sources (9,500 MW), including: − 12% will be produced by wind energy (7200 MW), − − 2.2% solar energy, (2300 MW), and; 5.8% hydroelectricity. The Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources (MoPMRs) and MoERE are working on a National Energy Database with the support of the EU funded REEEP project 2 . The MoPMRs developed an indicators’ database in each utility, but not yet on the national level, GHG emission per factory is part of the database. Egypt’s National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP): This programme, specifically targets energy efficiency in the Electricity Sector. The NEEAP has been considered, so far, as the main umbrella regarding Energy Efficiency (EE) at the national level, but more plans and support are needed. The NEEAP follows the energy saving targets that were set in the Energy Strategy 2007-2030, to reduce electricity consumption. In early 2014, the Egyptian Supreme Energy Council 2 For information: http://www.reeep.org/egypt-2012/ - http://www.reegle.info/policy-and-regulatory-overviews/EG. 11

  • Page 1 and 2: This project is funded by the Europ
  • Page 3 and 4: EuropeAid/132630/C/SER/Multi CLEANE
  • Page 5 and 6: Table of contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • Page 7 and 8: 4. CLIMATE DATA AND CLIMATE CHANGE
  • Page 9 and 10: List of tables TABLE 1: EMISSION FA
  • Page 11: Section III: Actions Planned This s
  • Page 15 and 16: 5 million magnetic ballasts with di
  • Page 17 and 18: To mobilize all stakeholders in and
  • Page 19 and 20: 9. Coordinate with the government o
  • Page 21 and 22: technical support of CES-MED, if re
  • Page 23 and 24: - Information on national energy po
  • Page 25 and 26: Section II: Baseline Emission Inven
  • Page 27 and 28: Figure 2: Considered themes in BEI
  • Page 29 and 30: 1.3.2.1 Residential buildings In th
  • Page 31 and 32: Volume Energy equivalent Diesel con
  • Page 33 and 34: Air transport was estimated from th
  • Page 35 and 36: average. Although, this figure stil
  • Page 37 and 38: Energy consumption in GWh 12.0 10.0
  • Page 39 and 40: GHG emissions in tCO 2eq/year in 20
  • Page 41 and 42: Governorate of the Red Sea in 2015
  • Page 43 and 44: and climate transition, • It will
  • Page 45 and 46: temperature control system. There i
  • Page 47 and 48: Even if LED lamps cost far more (hi
  • Page 49 and 50: 4.1.3.4 Budget These figures are ro
  • Page 51 and 52: 4.1.6. Awareness campaign 4.1.6.1 C
  • Page 53 and 54: of the Red Sea, would implement a S
  • Page 55 and 56: sustainable and green tourism throu
  • Page 57 and 58: power air compressors for diving ac
  • Page 59 and 60: To design and implement an adequate
  • Page 61 and 62: Energy in MWh/year Situation in 201
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    4.3.3. Biogas As previously mention

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    Section IV: Climate Adaptation Plan

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    populated cities and suburbs). In t

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    Severe floods hit Alexandria, 24th

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    scenario is estimated to be about 1

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    place in many cities such as Alexan

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    • Third National Communication on

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    − Develop a database for all chan

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    a. Maximum & Minimum temperature Fe

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    Temperature 4.2.1. Main climate tre

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    The following figures present the s

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    and August 2017. More specifically:

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    The Governorate of the Red Sea (mun

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    Receptors Extreme weather event - A

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    Infrastructure Receptors Social Ext

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Sea level rise* Significantly fewer

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    Sea level rise* Significantly fewer

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    een created to mitigate and evaluat

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    6.2.2.2 Coastal Zones Adaptation op

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    • Alert /Communication actions: T

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    Controlled flood management zones h

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    Alert / Communication Educational T

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    Technical Utilization of drip irrig

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    tourists’ transports that current

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    in particular and in the Governorat

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    3. Organization and procedures Form

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    - European Commission (EC), - Europ

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    2. City of Hurghada (Governorate of

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    - Climate Change Risk Management Pr

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    • Ministry of Tourism (MoTrm) - r

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    Component 4 It will assess costs of

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    6. Assumptions and risks - The key

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    3. City of Hurghada (Governorate of

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    - Second National Communication on

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    Administrative and coordination pro

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    The action plans (stage A) to suppl

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    converting Hotels and resorts by na

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    - Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Dev

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    - Egypt’s Sustainable Development

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    - Turn off electric equipment at th

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    - Municipality and Governorate - Go

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    Return on Investment (draft calcula

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    5. City of Hurghada - Governorate o

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    - Public Private Partnership - PPP

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    Administrative and coordination pro

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    design and implement an adequate en

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    and ensure the implementation of th

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    - Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (A

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    Renewable energy at the city of Hur

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    - Design of Feed-in Tariffs 2012, -

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    * Calculation based on 1,278 € pe

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    - Ministry of Defense (MoD) and Min

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    Draft calculation of the NPV and re

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    7. City of Hurghada - Governorate o

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    - Environmental Awareness - Trainin

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    1. More efficient use of energy, es

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    • Successful projects in national

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    8. City of Hurghada - Governorate o

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    - Code for Improving Energy Consump

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    Costal Zones sector: 1. Reduce clim

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    permits, approvals and follow up pr

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    - European Bank for Reconstruction

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    o o Table 3 presents the proposed a

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    I. Identification of the target aud

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    sector. It would be recommended to

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    - Roles and responsibilities (Commu

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    Carnival competition (Ministry of I

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    enefits and the feasibility of inve

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    6 months apart from heavy tourist s

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    - With the campaign 2.1.1, link the

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    The dependence of Marinas and yacht

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    Template 3.2 CAPP activities as rel

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    - Smart service for smart people -

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    protection, Promote green tourism i

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    adapt/improve measures according to

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    Omran E. Frihy, Khalid M. DewidarMo

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    The European Union is made up of 28

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