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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

6. Enhance national and

6. Enhance national and regional partnership in managing crises and disasters related to CC and reduction of associated risk. Tourism sector: 1. Reduce climate change risks in touristic areas. 2. Engage users in supporting the proposed strategy. 3. Support periodical monitoring and observations systems and follow-up bodies. 4. Raise environmental awareness. 5. Cooperate with international bodies. 6. Incorporate disaster risks promoting sustainable tourism in Egypt. 7. Capacity building of local communities in touristic areas. Implementation plan Component 1: The Governorate first needs to get a more sophisticated understanding of water-mobility across the city and issues to be solved. Component 2: From the detailed description of issues at stake, the plan will draw strategic priorities with a double objective in mind – improve boats sustainable operation and reducing their environmental footprint: • Establish a coordination unit/organisation of tourist boats and water mobility needs and policies, while prioritizing collective action to change mind set of boats owners such as hotels and diving companies to promote sustainable practices, • Review the current status of tourist boats, diving boats and yachts as well as operation rules to switch to natural gas and improve efficiency, • Explore innovative solutions and technologies that would significantly change the tourist and diving boats, • Engage boats’ engines conversion phases and demonstrate the benefit both on short term (business profitability) and the long term (environment protection), • Developing incentives as well as regulations’ measures adding constraints on the use of private motor boats run by diesel and making it a more attractive choice to use natural gas instead, and • Implementing a common methodology to measure GHG emissions, report on them and monitor all other benefits deriving from the development of sustainable boat operations by natural gas. Component 3 The plan will articulate the different options in comprehensive scenarios taking into account all boats operating starting by the boats owned by hotels for “better tourists and diving mobility services” (efficiency, comfort, energy consumption and GHG emissions) and will assess the environmental impacts of the different proposed scenarios once these boats are converted to run by natural gas instead of fossil fuel mainly diesel. This includes the below options: - The CNG system would consist of a fuel tank, pressure regulator, high and low-pressure fuel lines, etc. A modified engine electronic control unit, sensors and special injectors are also required. Retrofit systems are now available locally in Egypt with an average cost of 5,085€. - The CNG doesn’t go bad in storage, and emissions are relatively clean, reducing air and water pollution by 70 percent. Evaporative emissions and fuel spills are nil. The only constraint is the equipment of reservoirs that will suits diving boats requirements. What works with long distance trucks in Europe should easily be adapted to diving boats. At present time, the cost of CNG ranged from € 1.26 - € 2.30 60 per GGE. 60 http://www.sportfishingmag.com/alternative-fuels-for-boats-fishing-power-future#page-5 124

Component 4 It will assess costs of the preferred scenario to help the Governorate (Municipality) making the appropriate choice with the best return on investment of converting these tourists and diving boats. The priority action #2 Sustainable and green tourist and diving boats, will bring many benefits: - 70% less fuel cost than gasoline, - Zero carbon deposits in the engine, - Fast pay-back on the BGM natural gas fuel system, - Reduce air and water pollution by 70%, - Eliminate all engine smoke and exhaust odour, and - Eliminate risks of pollution from diesel or fuel spill. Component 5: Institution capacity building is essential to prepare and oversee the implementation of the boats conversion plan to NG. This would involve cost estimate, feasibility studies, funding schemes Component 6: Awareness raising is vital to change the current mode of using non-clean fuel for tourist and diving boats to assist in the implementation of the plan and in transforming the city to be a green city, cruises and boats to run by gas not fossil fuel and clean water mobility. Deliverables should be as follows: • Integrated Sustainable mobility of Tourist small boats, yachts, and diving boats for a period of 5 years to improve the City of Hurghada green stance and attain to Egypt’s vision, SDS 2030 and SDG 7, 9, 11, 12, 14 and 17 and as well as the Governorate’s Climate Action Adaptation, • Implemented plan, including priorities to be addressed on the short and medium terms to transfer 400 touristic and diving boats as well as 2000 yachts to operate with natural gas, in three phases: - 150 diving boats and 700 yachts converted to run by Natural gas by end of 2019 - 150 diving boats and 700 yachts converted to run by Natural gas by end of 2020 - Revolving fund progressive replenishment and conversion of 100% of the fleet before 2022. • Environmental protection and adaption measures to reduce adverse impacts (locally and globally). 4. Organization and procedures Formal approval The conversion of tourist boats and diving boats would require the following entities for issuing permits, approvals and follow up process: - Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation (MoIIC) to coordinate loans and funding for IFCs, - Ministry of Local Development (MoLD), - Ministry of Petroleum represented by EGAS and City Gas company in the city of Hurghada, - Ministry of Transport (MoTr) represented by the Maritime Inspection Authority (MIA), - Ministry of Tourism (MoTrm)for renewing the hotel facilities and services, including converted tourist and diving boats, - Ministry of Environment (MoEnv) to assess and conduct the Environmental and Social Impact Assessments (ESIAs) for the impact of converting the boats in accordance of the Law Staff allocated to implement and monitor action #2 • Governorate of the Red Sea and City of Hurghada, • City Council represented by the Governor, • MoPMRs (EGAS and City Gas Company), • MoTr (MIA), • MoTrm and MoEnv (EEAA). 125

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