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8 months ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

(ESEC) as per its Decree

(ESEC) as per its Decree No. 9/11/05/12 and Energy Efficiency Unit (EEU) at the Cabinet developed a national plan to save energy in electricity and energy sectors. This National Plan was sent to all stakeholders to coordinate efforts such as MoEnv, MoHUUD, MoTm and MoLD. The national target is to lower the primary energy consumption by 5% every year. The NEEAP provides a comprehensive assessment of EE guidelines and projects for 2012-2015, which demonstrate that savings achieved grew up from 222.62 GWh in 2012 (less than 1%) to 5,565.69 GWh in 2015 (close to 5%) (based on 112,162.8 GWh average consumption per year) 3 . Considering current and projected total electricity consumption (until 2020) at current electricity prices, the target’s achievement would result in energy savings of at least $55 M/year and a reduction of 285,000 tCO2 eq. per year. Considering current and projected total electricity consumption (until 2020), in current electricity prices, the target’s achievement would result in energy savings of approximately 384 GWh/year by 2020. This would lead to savings of at least $55 M/year in total electricity costs in Egypt and a reduction of 285,000 tons per year in CO2 emissions. 2.2. Sectorial Policies 2.2.1. Energy efficiency in building sector Energy Efficiency in the Construction Sector in the Mediterranean (EECS-MED), a project funded by EU, has developed guidelines and recommendations for the MENA region (January 2015). The guidelines and recommendations focus on issues such as the political leadership perspective; the boardroom perspective; outdoor lighting; and public procurement and planning. The UNDP developed two projects in the EE sector: − Improving Energy Efficiency for Lighting and Building Appliances. The project started in 2011 and will be completed in 2017. The leading Egyptian partners are MoERE, NREA, Egyptian Electricity Holding Company (EEHC), Egyptian Authorization for Standards (EAS), and; − “Waty El Watt” campaign (meaning lower your watt usage). The project started in 2015, and more data is available at the UNDP 2015 Achievement Report 4 . The Egyptian National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) is the result of regional and international efforts known as “End-use electricity efficiency improvement and conservation guideline”, a MED-ENEC EU funded project. This plan aims to achieve an initial target, specified in the National Energy Strategy, of a 5% reduction in electricity consumption by 2020. The plan is consistent with regional and international efforts known as the “Arab End Use Electricity Efficiency Improvement and Conversation Guidelines” which were approved by the Arab Ministerial Council of Electricity in 2010. Egypt revised its strategic approach towards its energy resources and their use, which was launched in 2016 to meet Egypt’s Vision 2030 and to Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS) 2030. One aspect of this new approach will be to significantly accelerate the adoption and implementation of energy efficiency and sustainability measures, as well as investments in carbon emission reduction targets. 2.2.2. Sustainable Lighting In Egypt, lighting is consuming an average of 28-30% of produced electrical energy with an annual average increase of 10 to 11% during the past two years (2013 and 2014). This consumption’s increase rate in the past 10 years was 7.2%. According to a study by MED-ENEC, almost doubling the existing generation capacity from 27 GW (2010) to 50 GW by 2020 will be required and probably another 120 GW by 2050, if this consumption pattern continues as business as usual. Families and businesses already suffered hours of daily blackouts in some areas in 2013 and early 2014. MED-ENEC has also developed procurement and planning for public street lighting that includes conditions of tenders, tender forms and other details. Egypt is considered a pioneer in applying for large tenders for EE street lighting in 2010: 360,000 street lighting poles using high lumen HPS lamps and electronic gear were installed. The next step is replacing 3 NEEAP Egypt published at RCREEE - Available at: www.rcreee.org/. 4 UNDP – available at http://www.eg.undp.org/ (Accessed: 20.08.2016). 12

5 million magnetic ballasts with digital dimmable ballasts until 2016. Street lighting is consuming 2,400 GWh at the present stage and is expected to save up to 1,200 GWh implementing the NEEAP and using smart lighting harvesting technologies. As part of the 2012 National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP), the Egyptian government proposed concentrated activities in this field. If EE in lighting would be implemented, more than 10 per cent of the power capacity would not be needed and blackouts would be decreased. Energy efficient lighting design often produces savings between 50% and 80%. 2.2.3. Renewable energy development According to the Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy (MoERE), 54 GW of new installed capacity (conventional and renewables) is needed by 2022, and on-going reforms in the regulatory framework and subsidies would create large opportunities for the private sector 5 . In March 2015, the Ministry of ERE highlighted the main challenges as follows: − − Electricity demand growth is exceptionally high (6 % p.a.), Power generation deficit (6 GW needed annually by 2022), and − Energy subsidies had reached 7% of GDP in 2013/ 2014, but it has been lowered in 2016. Today, any local authority can adopt incentives for energy efficiency and the development of renewable energy according to the regulations already in place in Egypt according to Law No. 203 of 2014, Law No. 87 of 2015, and Law No. 230 of 2016. Local authorities can also develop information tools to stimulate the local or regional market of energy efficiency and renewable energy development in their city. 2.2.4. National Transport Strategy In Egypt, the transport sector is a major consumer of fossil fuels, therefore, contributes a significant share of greenhouse gases (GHGs). The Ministry of Transport (MoTr) developed a model freight transport (MFT) strategy in close collaboration with the Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA), considered to be a world-class multimodal transport infrastructure and management strategy. Egypt’s Transport Master Plan is under development to reach the Egypt SD strategy 2030. The MFT corridor in MINTS has identified many projects to support the MFT from 2012–2027. The MFT corridor in the MINTS projects represents development in all transportation modes (Ports, River, Railways, Roads, and Logistics) in order to support Egypt’s MFT Strategy. The Suez Canal Corridor new master plan is under development to support Egypt’s MFT strategy and to develop Regional MFT cooperation 6 . In 2012, a transport master plan has been also developed between the MoTr and JICA on a comprehensive nationwide system. The objective of this joint plan is to realize economically efficient transport, to promote modal shift and to materialize reliable, competitive and safe transport modes. The study encompasses: • Conducting surveys and an analysis of the current condition in the transport sector, • Pursing nationwide transport/ traffic analysis, • Undertaking socio-economic survey and forecast up to 2027, and • Reformulating the strategy and policies for nationwide transport system 7 . 5 http://www.moee.gov.eg/english_new/Presentations/EEDC.pdf/ (Accessed: 16.08.2016). 6 Transport Sector the way forward, Ministry of Transport. http://www.comcec.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/COMCEC_EGYPT.pdf 7 Mints – MISR National Transport Study, the comprehensive study on the Master Plan for Nationwide Transport system, Egypt, Final Report, March 2012, JICA - available at: http://www.open_JICAreport.JICA.go.jp/pdf/12057584.pdf 13

  • Page 1 and 2: This project is funded by the Europ
  • Page 3 and 4: EuropeAid/132630/C/SER/Multi CLEANE
  • Page 5 and 6: Table of contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • Page 7 and 8: 4. CLIMATE DATA AND CLIMATE CHANGE
  • Page 9 and 10: List of tables TABLE 1: EMISSION FA
  • Page 11 and 12: Section III: Actions Planned This s
  • Page 13: capacities under construction, resu
  • Page 17 and 18: To mobilize all stakeholders in and
  • Page 19 and 20: 9. Coordinate with the government o
  • Page 21 and 22: technical support of CES-MED, if re
  • Page 23 and 24: - Information on national energy po
  • Page 25 and 26: Section II: Baseline Emission Inven
  • Page 27 and 28: Figure 2: Considered themes in BEI
  • Page 29 and 30: 1.3.2.1 Residential buildings In th
  • Page 31 and 32: Volume Energy equivalent Diesel con
  • Page 33 and 34: Air transport was estimated from th
  • Page 35 and 36: average. Although, this figure stil
  • Page 37 and 38: Energy consumption in GWh 12.0 10.0
  • Page 39 and 40: GHG emissions in tCO 2eq/year in 20
  • Page 41 and 42: Governorate of the Red Sea in 2015
  • Page 43 and 44: and climate transition, • It will
  • Page 45 and 46: temperature control system. There i
  • Page 47 and 48: Even if LED lamps cost far more (hi
  • Page 49 and 50: 4.1.3.4 Budget These figures are ro
  • Page 51 and 52: 4.1.6. Awareness campaign 4.1.6.1 C
  • Page 53 and 54: of the Red Sea, would implement a S
  • Page 55 and 56: sustainable and green tourism throu
  • Page 57 and 58: power air compressors for diving ac
  • Page 59 and 60: To design and implement an adequate
  • Page 61 and 62: Energy in MWh/year Situation in 201
  • Page 63 and 64: 4.3.3. Biogas As previously mention
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    Section IV: Climate Adaptation Plan

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    populated cities and suburbs). In t

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    Severe floods hit Alexandria, 24th

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    scenario is estimated to be about 1

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    place in many cities such as Alexan

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    • Third National Communication on

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    − Develop a database for all chan

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    a. Maximum & Minimum temperature Fe

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    Temperature 4.2.1. Main climate tre

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    The following figures present the s

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    and August 2017. More specifically:

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    The Governorate of the Red Sea (mun

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    Receptors Extreme weather event - A

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    Infrastructure Receptors Social Ext

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Sea level rise* Significantly fewer

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    Sea level rise* Significantly fewer

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    een created to mitigate and evaluat

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    6.2.2.2 Coastal Zones Adaptation op

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    • Alert /Communication actions: T

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    Controlled flood management zones h

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    Alert / Communication Educational T

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    Technical Utilization of drip irrig

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    tourists’ transports that current

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    in particular and in the Governorat

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    3. Organization and procedures Form

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    - European Commission (EC), - Europ

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    2. City of Hurghada (Governorate of

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    - Climate Change Risk Management Pr

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    • Ministry of Tourism (MoTrm) - r

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    Component 4 It will assess costs of

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    6. Assumptions and risks - The key

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    3. City of Hurghada (Governorate of

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    - Second National Communication on

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    Administrative and coordination pro

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    The action plans (stage A) to suppl

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    converting Hotels and resorts by na

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    - Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Dev

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    - Egypt’s Sustainable Development

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    - Turn off electric equipment at th

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    - Municipality and Governorate - Go

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    Return on Investment (draft calcula

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    5. City of Hurghada - Governorate o

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    - Public Private Partnership - PPP

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    Administrative and coordination pro

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    design and implement an adequate en

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    and ensure the implementation of th

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    - Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (A

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    Renewable energy at the city of Hur

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    - Design of Feed-in Tariffs 2012, -

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    * Calculation based on 1,278 € pe

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    - Ministry of Defense (MoD) and Min

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    Draft calculation of the NPV and re

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    7. City of Hurghada - Governorate o

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    - Environmental Awareness - Trainin

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    1. More efficient use of energy, es

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    • Successful projects in national

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    8. City of Hurghada - Governorate o

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    - Code for Improving Energy Consump

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    Costal Zones sector: 1. Reduce clim

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    permits, approvals and follow up pr

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    - European Bank for Reconstruction

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    o o Table 3 presents the proposed a

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    I. Identification of the target aud

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    sector. It would be recommended to

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    - Roles and responsibilities (Commu

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    Carnival competition (Ministry of I

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    enefits and the feasibility of inve

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    6 months apart from heavy tourist s

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    - With the campaign 2.1.1, link the

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    The dependence of Marinas and yacht

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    Template 3.2 CAPP activities as rel

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    - Smart service for smart people -

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    protection, Promote green tourism i

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    adapt/improve measures according to

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    Omran E. Frihy, Khalid M. DewidarMo

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    The European Union is made up of 28

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