4 months ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

5. Assumptions and risks

5. Assumptions and risks - The key challenge will be the mobilization of appropriate resources to fund the GMBP renovation programmes, as in many cases Governorate (Municipal) Building will not have the fund to invest at the appropriate level. This is why such a programme requires a partnership between the Governorate (Municipality) offering the guarantee that retrofitting will result in actual energy bill reduction, and the bank providing the funds. Such a plan should also include adoption of efficient cooling/heating devices. In addition, it could include the installation of solar PV panels to contribute to renewable electricity production, or/ and apply green roofs with Solar PV panels to reduce high surface temperature effect on the panels surfaces, - Organize a proper maintenance system in order to ensure best generation form PV panels and the SWH systems, yields securing interesting enough Return on Investment (R.o.I.), and - The medium to low price of diesel set by Egyptian General Petroleum Authority - EGPA (MoPMRs) is a challenge, but the Tariffs will be increased in 2018/2019 with new planned electricity and energy tariffs. 6. Key success factors • The Governor’s vision and backing of promoting Sustainable Energy (RE and EE) in the city Hurghada and the Red Sea instead of using diesel and non-clean energy sources, would reduce energy consumption and mitigate GHG emission is of a vital success factor, • The Governor of Red Sea determination to seriously act on the energy issue, is obviously a vital element to the success of this action success, • Municipality determination to act comprehensively on the issue of sustainable energy (Solar PV, SWH and EE), • The approach and development of greening Governorate (Municipal) Buildings is part of the Governorates’ vision and strategy, hence would assist in reducing the annual use non-clean energy and in greening the city, • Cost of new energy tariff means that any saving will be a significant value and great savings, • The action plan is divided in three phased to make the investment visible and implementation easier, • Raised capacity of Governorate staff for implementation, and • Organize a proper maintenance system in order to ensure adequate flow of hot water from the SWH systems, yields securing interesting enough Return on Investment (R.o.I.) 7. Cost estimates Technical support & Training for Municipality staff LED replacement in public buildings Air conditioning up grading Solar water heating deployment in public buildings Revolving fund for solar PV development in public buildings Revolving fund management unit (50 K€/y for 5 years) 20,000 € 72,000 € 150,000 € 92,000 € 10,000,000 € 250,000 € TOTAL Approximate annual cost saving (after initial investment reimbursement) - LED lamps 364 MWh/y = 3,125 € - AC conditioning 546 MWh/y = 19,656 € - SWH systems overall production equivalent to 32,400 € In addition, the Solar PV will generate an overall production equivalent to 715,000 € 10,584,000 € 65,181 € Additional revenues from solar PV: 715,000 € 146

Return on Investment (draft calculation) - For public building refurbishment (LED, AC, SWH) RoI will be around 5 years - For Solar PV production RoI will be 14 years 8. Available and foreseen sources of funding to be developed Local authority's own resources: • N/A International Financial Institutions 64 : National Funds and Programs • Renewable Energy Fund 2014 EU Funds & Programs and other external funds - The World Bank (WB), - United Nations Development Program (UNDP), - European Commission (EC), - European Investment Banks (EIB), - European Bank for Reconstruction Development a (EBRD), - French Development Agency (AFD), - United States Agency for International Development (USAID), - Kreditanstalt fur Wiederaufbau (kfW), - German Technical Cooperation (GIZ), - Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), - OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID), - Islamic Development Bank (IDB), - African Development Bank (ADB), - Arab Fund for Social & Economic Development (AFSED), - Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (ADFD), - Arab Fund for Economic & Social Development (AFESD), - International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), - Khalifa Fund for Enterprise Development (KFED), - Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development (KFAED), - Middle East and North Africa Transition Fund (MENATF), and - Saudi Fund for Development (SFD). Public-Private-Partnerships (available or to raise) Loans and potential borrower Lined up private investments Expected annual cost savings to City budget 65,181 €/y 9. Projected Energy Estimates in 2020 (or other set target) Energy savings GWh/y LED lamps 364 MWh/y AC conditioning 546 MWh/y Renewable energy production MWh/y SWH 920 MWh/y 64 The Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation, MoIIC – Available at: (Accessed on: 14.08.2017) 147

CIB W116—Smart and Sustainable Built Environments - Test Input
Passive Design in Hot Humid Climates - IBD
Buildings and Climate Solutions (Nov. 2008) - Pacific Institute for ...
Best Policy Practices
Leaflet Eusew (carte) - 081103.indd - First
Buildings And Energy R&D - FLC Mid-Atlantic Region
Intel's Energy Efficiency: from Silicon to the Smart Grid (pdf)
Russia's Neglected Energy Reserves - Carnegie Endowment for ...
Module B1 Study Book - the Graduate School of the Environment
The Sustainable Living House Project - Alice Solar City
Climate Change - Yale Center for the Study of Globalization
SEN 45 pdf - International Network for Sustainable Energy
Cheaper electricity with renewable energy - WWF South Africa
Energy efficiency - “Pick the low-hanging fruit”