10 months ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

- Educate and inform the

- Educate and inform the local population and actors about the new municipal vision in favour of energy efficiency and renewables. 3.4. City of Hurghada sustainable energy and climate objectives Keeping in mind its specific values and the local context, the City of Hurghada develops a strategy consistent with Egypt’s Vision 2030, energy strategy 2035 and the Sustainable Development Strategy 2030. This strategy is structured around two levers: - Reduce energy consumption in all sectors through energy conservation and efficiency, in order to provide better services while reducing costs and impacts; and - Promote energy production from locally available renewable resources in order to cover, as far as possible, energy needs from these decarbonised sources. This strategy will help the Governorate to reduce its dependency on energy imports from outside its territory, reducing its financial needs to fund these imports. The strategy will also generate additional resources within the Governorate boundaries through energy production from local and renewable resources. All of the activities will have to include an energy consumption reduction component and, when possible, an appropriate renewable energy development component. While contributing to the protection of the national and global environment (reducing GHG emission to mitigate climate change), these measures also strive to protect the local environment (air and water quality, cleanliness and soil protection). In conformity with current regulations, the Governorate desires to promote a mix of incentive and coercive measures. These measures are obviously in accordance with the municipal code and public policies that favour local development and the protection of energy resources and the environment. As energy consumption and production is dependent on many stakeholders within a given territory, the strategy needs to include all of the concerned actors: public services, local entrepreneurs and companies, including tourism operators, citizen groups, etc. On-going information and awareness raising actions must lead to the strengthening of energy consumption reduction commitments and increasing the production of local renewable energy by stakeholders operating in the Governorate of Red Sea and the City of Hurghada. The Governorate of Red Sea adopted the following strategic objectives within the framework of its Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan (SECAP): 1. Reinforce and promote energy efficiency in municipal property, public infrastructure and other local activities. 2. Promote the integration of energy efficiency and renewables into public and private housing construction projects in the municipality. 3. Integrate the development of energy efficiency and renewable energy into the Governorate (municipal) sustainable development plan (job creation, local energy efficiency and renewables market, market for local services, etc.). 4. Engage all stakeholders in the territory to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy development. More specifically, engage with all tourism operators to ensure they contribute to the necessary energy transition and highlight the many benefits they will get from this transformation. 5. Develop partnerships with all providers that are favourable to the implementation of the SECAP. 6. Inform the public about the true cost of energy and make known the incentives and initiatives that encourage energy conservation and efficiency. 7. Create energy conservation and efficiency measures, renewable energy development and environmental protection communication plans that target the local population and the socio-professional categories present in the territory of the city of Hurghada. 8. Reduce energy needs during peak periods by managing electricity demand and by changing energy and gas consumption behaviours and habits. 16

9. Coordinate with the government on the national strategy and energy efficiency and renewable energy action plan, as well as on the review of the municipal sustainable energy action plan. The primary objectives of the City of Hurghada are: Short-term objectives 2020 - Reduce energy consumption across the board by around 10% to 15% - Reduce GHG emission by 10% in 2020, compared to the business as usual scenario (2015 baseline) Medium-term and long-term objectives 2030 - Boost efforts to reduce energy consumption and improve efficiency resulting in a continuous trend of improvement in energy intensity (energy consumption compared to gross development product), - Continue reducing GHG emission with the objective of reaching at least a reduction of 27% by 2030 and if possible going to 30% reduction compared to the BAU scenario. Such an effort will place the City of Hurghada in the appropriate trajectory to match the collective target agreed at COP 21 end of 2015 and known as the Paris Agreement, - Improve quality of life in Hurghada and optimise service delivery to inhabitants and all stakeholders in order to speed the energy transition towards sustainable development, - Develop renewable energy production capacities in and around the city, as well as in the southern region of the Governorate: o Increase the installed capacity of about 13.03 MWp to generate electricity from renewable energy sources, including: • Expand the public street lighting from 27 kWp from solar energy stretching along 3.00 km and using LED lamps to 100 kWp, • 5 MWp solar power plant in Marsa Alam to be 10 MW, • 5 MWp solar power plant in Al-Shalateen o be 20 MW, • 1 MWp solar Power plant in Halayeb to be 5 MW, and • Upgrade the current 2 MWp solar power plant in Abou Ramad to 5 MWp. o Raise the Solar power capacity supply electricity for local residents’ settlements in Arab Saleh, the southern region from 250 kWp to 500 kWp. - Anticipate risks and adapt to climate change: o Establish an observatory to monitor rainfall patterns and temperature increase and develop a database for all changes in the climate in coordination with the National Weather Authority (NWA) and Hurghada international airports, o Set up a vertical communication mechanism to response to extreme events and disasters, o Transfer citizens living in areas at risk to new houses in safer areas away from the storms’ known paths, and; o Build water dams to collect the storms rainwater upon occurring to lessen floods’ impacts. - Doing so, strengthens the City of Hurghada attractiveness, positioning the city as an example of responsible marine tourism. Note that the CES-MED project produced two national reports to be used as reference documents for the Governorates implementing their SECAP. • Funding sources for energy efficiency and renewable energy development in local municipalities, to assist developers seeking to finance their projects, and 17

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