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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

most adequate location

most adequate location of green areas to limit the UHIE. This will improve comfort in the city but will not have any significant impact in reducing energy consumption and GHG attenuation. Instead, landscaping of the south road can be seen as a first attempt to store carbon, even if the impact on GHG balance will again minimal. The planned action will develop a study for greening the city of Hurghada urban areas (main squares and roads) as well the soft landscaping of the South Road to Hurghada International airport as follows: • Understand the specificity of urban green areas and connected roads profile, • Assess the current urban green coverage in all urban zones in the City of Hurghada to explore the technical options for improving the landscaping and to decide on the best and fastest solutions with less irrigation system and desert plantations, • Assess the amount of green planting seedlings in suggested urban areas to improve UGC, • Establish a master plan study for the landscape of the urban areas of City of Hurghada, and • Develop a pilot plantation scheme for the main road connecting South entrance of the City to Hurghada International airport. Administrative and coordination process • Governorate of Red Sea – City of Hurghada (Municipality) and Governor’s to approve the plan and its targets, • City Council represented by the Governor approval, and • Ever-Green Company (Implanter). Government and Administrative Procedures and Approvals • Initial approval of the Governorate (Municipality), • City of Hurghada – Governorate of Red Sea, and • The Governor and Hurghada City Council headed by Governor. 3. Technical description Link to Governorate development plan The SECAP is built on three drivers: a) reduce energy consumption; b) develop energy production; and c) climate adaptation actions. Hence, the mitigation of UHIE and the development of Urban Green Coverage (UGC) in the city of Hurghada and the soft landscaping of the main south road to City of Hurghada International Airport is an important component of climate action. As more than 4 millions’ tourists visit Hurghada every year a strategic and comprehensive approach to improve the sustainability and improve and increase the current UGC as well as the plantation seedlings and trees of the South Road connecting the South entrance of the city to Hurghada international airport are needed to portray the city as a green city and improve the city liveability index (CLI). The Governorate will particularly contribute to Egypt’s SDS key performance indicators (KPIs) that are relevant to SECAP, mainly in Energy, Urban development, Environment, and Domestic energy policy: • Secure better quality of life, • Increase the reliance on local resources, • Reduce the air pollution in touristic cities, and • Raise the actual economic contribution of urban sector in the national income 68 . This planned action ≠8 on City Urban Green Plan (CUGP) would also support the National Adaptation Action, especially in the tourism sector and Global Liveability Index (GLI): 68 Nihal El-Megharbel, Presentation on Egypt's vision 2030 and planning reforms, First Assistant to the Minister of Planning, Monitoring and Administrative Reform, October 2015. 182

Costal Zones sector: 1. Reduce climate change (CC) associated risks and disasters. 2. Capacity building of the Egyptian society to adapt to CC risks and disasters. 3. Enhance national and regional partnership in managing crises and disasters related to CC and reduction of associated risk. 4. Improve the health and quality of live due to the reduction of air pollution. Tourism sector: 1. Improve quality of life. 2. Reduce climate change risks in touristic areas. 3. Engage users in supporting the proposed strategy. 4. Support periodical monitoring and observations systems and follow-up bodies. 5. Raise environmental awareness. 6. Cooperate with international bodies. 7. Incorporate disaster risks promoting sustainable tourism in Egypt. 8. Capacity building of local communities in touristic areas. This Action Plan ≠ 8 – City Urban Green Plan (CUGP) would also support the Governorate strategy in meeting the set policies in the Nation Climate change Communication report, mainly the policies targeting development that is more sustainable based on four related pillars: 1. Efficient use of energy resulting from increasing the urban green coverage (UGC). 2. Increased UGC areas would mitigate UHIE and support the adaptation to climate change risks. 3. Improve air quality and quality of life (Liveability). 4. Lower energy consumption in summer due to the impact of increased UGC areas in lowering air temperature. Health and Liveability dimension (quality of life) is the cornerstone to be targeted by policy makers to decouple demand on energy and economic growth. Implementation plan Component 1: The Governorate needs a comprehensive study for the Urban Landscape of the all open-spaces in the City of Hurghada to mitigate the Urban Heat Island Effect (UHIE). This would offer a more sophisticated understanding of Urban Green Coverage (UGC) than need to be improved. Component 2: From the detailed description of issues at stake, the study will draw strategic Urban Green Coverage (UGC) of the city centre and surrounding urban open-spaces to make the city resilient and adapt to climate change risks, yet enhance air quality, liveability (quality of life). This master plan of the UGC study could include: • Establish a coordination unit to manage the action plan, prioritizing collective actions to enhance the City Urban Green Coverage (UGC) and highlight the benefits of increasing it as a key action to mitigate UHIE, • Review the current status of city urban areas to identify the areas that need more UGC to improve quality of life in the city and mitigate the UHIE, • Explore innovative solutions and technologies that would significantly make these urban space using less water for irrigation, • Add another action for climate change adaptation, • Implementing a common methodology to measure GHG emissions, report on them and monitor all other benefits deriving from increasing UGC and improving the city urban spaces. Component 3: Soft landscape of the South road to Hurghada International airport – 2,420 meters long. The plan articulates an option of greening the road as per the assumption taking into account the water constraint in a desert environment (efficiency, comfort, water consumption and GHG emissions) and assess the environmental impacts of the road on the city. Soft landscaping of South Road – City of Hurghada Assuming a section of 12 meters long as shown in Figure 1 (below in page 6), the soft landscaping is estimated as follows: 183

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