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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

in the building sector

in the building sector in the MENA region is primarily funded through governments and the international donor community but less funding is offered by local commercial banks. 3.7.1.4 Application and awarding process Each grant has a unique set of requirements and application process. Generally, however, the first step includes the submission of concept notes and after an initial agreement, the potential beneficiaries submit a full proposal. Most often, grants are awarded based on the number of people, who will benefit from such grant as well as the sustainability and lasting impact of the proposed project. 3.7.2. Financing the SECAP The Governorate should identify all of the potential funding sources for the investments to be made within the framework of the SECAP. One of the principle issues for a successful strategy is the Governorate’s ability to finance ambitious energy management and renewable energy projects. The traditional systems of public and private funding may not be able to adapt to the new projects that come out of the SECAP. As a result, new and innovative finance mechanisms will be needed. It will be necessary to innovate by mixing loans, subsidies, third party financing, cooperative solutions and private funds, etc. Guaranteeing the funding of the SECAP’s actions is the most critical step. The Governorate cannot finance the entirety of its SECAP from its annual budget and will have to turn towards external funding at the national and international level. There are additional benefits to attracting external funding, including: • The involvement of various actors in the SECAP’s implementation helps to create a local, or even regional, sustainable energy market where actors can participate as suppliers, installers or users, • The engagement of local actors is a gage for the socio-economic integration of sustainable energy, • The cooperation with international backers gives more visibility to local actions and attracts greater investment and funding in case of success. It also encourages local deciders to support the projects and actions undertaken in the framework of the SECAP. 22

Section II: Baseline Emission Inventory Summary This section presents the Baseline Emission Inventory (BEI) of the city of Hurghada, Governorate of Red Sea, Egypt. The BEI is part of the preparation for the Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan (SECAP). The BEI is based on calculation, not a measure. It includes the scope and methodological principles of the Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions of the City of Hurghada based on data collected from the Governorate of the Red Sea and many other governmental entities. The BEI covers sectors such as: a) Residential buildings; b) Tertiary buildings and Public lighting; c) Industry; d) Transport; e) Waste and water management; f) Agriculture (crops, animal production and fishing); g) Tourism; and h) Renewable energy. This section also depicts the results of energy consumption and GHG emissions for the sectors mentioned above. In addition, it highlights the Governorate’s assets and energy consumption (Governorate building, Governorate fleet and water and waste management). Finally, it presents the BAU scenario forecasts and important rise of emissions from 2015 till 2020 and stabilisation till 2030 for the City of Hurghada, Governorate of the Red Sea. 1. Considered scope and methodological principles 1.1. Some orders of magnitude To apprehend the results of this Baseline Emissions Inventory (BEI), it is useful to understand the greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions orders of magnitude in the world and in Egypt. • World human GHG emissions: 53 billion tCO2eq/year • World human GHG emissions per capita: 7.55 teqCO 2/year • Egypt’s GHG emissions in 2012: 295 million tCO2eq/year • Egypt’s population in 2012: 85,660,902 inhabitants • Egypt’s GHG emissions per capita in 2012: 3.44 tCO 2eq/ year These average values are valid for the whole Egypt, including the city of Hurghada – Governorate of Red Sea. In the two cities studied by the BEI-SECAP team*, the average GHG emissions per capita is aligned with the national ratio for the city of Luxor, but significantly higher for the City of Hurghada (34% higher than the national average). This result for the City of Hurghada is due to the importance of the tourism sector. Knowing that the IPCC set a target of dividing the global human GHG emissions in half, currently reaching an average of 7.55 tCO2eq/ capita/ year, we observe that emissions of Egyptian citizens at 3.44 tCO2eq/ capita/ year are already near the target (3.5 tCO2eq/ capita/year). However, Egyptians’ GHG emissions tend to increase and could exceed this limit in the coming years due to the rapid development currently underway. This is another reason why Egyptian cities need to develop strategic plans to reduce their energy consumption and GHG emissions. 1.2. Methodological principles of the inventory The methodological principles of an inventory are the following: • Emissions are assigned to energy consumers; 23

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