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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL Agriculture Fuel Agriculture Fuel and electricity consumptions were provided by the Governorate of Red Sea and are considered consistent (4,535,700 litres of gasoline, 1,482,000 litres of Diesel and 20 MWh of electricity). For non-energetic emissions (CH4), emission factors are directly taken from the national emissions inventory or estimated from it and applied to the local number of animals. N2O non-energetic emissions: data for Egypt were not available therefore we applied the ratio per hectare (ha) of crops used in CES-MED BEI for Algeria. TABLE 3: NON-ENERGETIC EMISSION PRODUCED FROM ANIMAL IN THE CITY OF HURGADA (2015) Number of Animals in kgCH4/animal/y Manure Management Enteric Fermentation Dairy Cows 8,240 2 40 Goats 1,032 0 5 Sheep 1,184 0 5 Camels 88 2 46 Horses 26 2 18 Poultry 55,568 0 0 Mules and Asses 14 1 10 Buffalos 631 4-5 55* * Emissions from livestock and animal manure IPCC Available at: Tourism The Governorate of the Red Sea provided data for fuel and electricity consumption from hotels. According to the Governorate, 60% of hotels are using solar thermal boilers, however, after verification on the ground this information was considered unreliable. Only few hotels have SWH and even fewer of them are functional. Simulations with the TECSOL website allowed estimating a production ratio of 0,465 MWh/hotel room. There are no solar thermal sources registered, but very few SWH collectors were installed on top of some hotels, but not a significant amount. Hotel waste production was provided by the governorate through Hurghada Environmental Protection and Conservation Association (HEPCA), which is coordinated and managed under the Governorate of the Red Sea. Electricity and Diesel consumption for waste treatment and transport were provided and considered consistent. Energy equivalent Diesel and gasoline consumption in resorts Gas consumption in resorts Electricity consumption in resorts Diesel consumption in transport systems Gasoline consumption in transport systems Diesel consumption of Waste Transport Gasoline consumption of Waste Transport Electricity consumption in Waste Treatment 281,850 MWh/year 195,850 MWh/year 653,939 MWh/year 43,214 MWh/year 7,278 MWh/year 2,505 MWh/year 130 MWh/year 29,143 MWh/year Land transport consumption is an estimation based on the number of vehicles registered in the tourist sector and an average trip distance of 38 km provided by Governorate of the Red Sea. 30

Air transport was estimated from the number of aircrafts’ movements in Hurghada airport applying the Landing and Take Off emission factor from EMEP/EEA emission inventory guidebook 2013. Note: Although Hurghada airport is located inside Hurghada geographic scope, the Governorate has no real capacity to act on this sector. So, consumption and emission of airport were not included in total figures and graphics for the BEI. For information, energy consumption due to landing and take-off are estimated to be around 219 GWh and emissions reached 54 kteqCO 2/year. 2. Results 2.1. Energy consumption The total energy consumption in the city of Hurghada is estimated to be 3,338 GWh Final Energy/year in 2015, equivalent to 11.9 MWh/person/year. This rate is considered very high, due to the importance of the tourism sector. If tourism consumptions were not considered, energy consumption would go down to 7.65 MWh/person/year. This figure is still quite high, as in the case of the city of Hurghada, it was impossible to get a separate accounting of some transport sector consumptions linked to tourism activities. The lack of details in the available data did not allow for such a breakdown. Table 4 and Figure 3 show the distribution of final energy consumption among sectors. TABLE 4: FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION/ YEAR GWh/year Residential building 441 2% Tertiary buildings inc. Governorate buildings. 305 13% Public Lighting 11 Industry 16 36% 9% 1% Transport 1 303 Water, Waste 10 39% Tourism 1 196 Agriculture* 56 * includes crops, animal production and fishing Figure 3: Final Energy/year (2015) – Hurghada The consumptions of the Governorate’s buildings (in the city of Hurghada) are included here under tertiary buildings, although it is detailed in the dedicated chapter and in the BEI Excel spreadsheets. If we look more precisely and analyse consumption per energy source and sector, we realise that the main demand in energy sources are fuels for transport and electricity for buildings, especially residential buildings (Table 5 and 6). Note also the important fuels’ consumption in hotels (tourism). 31

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