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9 months ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

1,400,000 1,200,000

1,400,000 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0 Electricity LPG Gas-oil Gasoline Solar Natural Gas Other energy Figure 4: Energy consumption per sector and type of resources in the city of Hurghada (2015) TABLE 5: ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER SECTOR AND PER ENERGY SOURCE IN THE CITY OF HURGHADA (2015) GWH EF/year Electricity LPG Diesel Gasoline Solar Natural Gas Other energy Residential building 258 96 0 0 0 87 0 Tertiary building (inc. governorate) 276 29 0 0 0 0 0 Public Lighting 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 Industry 2 0 2 0 0 9 2 Transport 0 0 903 400 0 0 0 Water, Waste 5 0 5 0 0 0 0 Tourism 683 0 46 259 12 196 0 Residential building 0 0 14 42 0 0 0 Total 1 ,235 125 970 701 12 292 2 Note that operational electricity losses (usual losses from normal operation) have not been highlighted in this energy inventory to comply with the Covenant of Mayors tables, but the GHG Protocol emission factor used considers it. Energy consumption from the tourism sector includes the following items: • Electricity and natural gas used in hotels, resorts, diving centres and other leisure facilities. The details of such consumptions were provided by the Governorate’s services, • Diesel and gasoline used in hotels for water heating (swimming pools and sanitary uses). This figure has been estimated from a sample of hotels (1t/day in 50 per cent of hotels), • Diesel and fuel used in diving and cruise boats (detailed provided by Governorate services), and • Solar heating used in some hotels (Governorate’s estimates). 2.2. GHG emissions Global GHG emissions of the city of Hurghada are estimated to be 1,338 ktCO2eq/year in 2015, equivalent to 4.78 tCO2eq/person/year (equivalent to 25,700 km drive by car). This is significantly higher than the average emissions per person in Egypt (3.44 tCO2eq/person/year), which is mainly due to the high weight of the tourism sector. Without the specific emissions of this sector, the emission rate falls at 3.0 tCO2eq/person/year, which is lower than the Egyptian 32

average. Although, this figure still contains some emissions from tourist activities (goods transport and public transport) that couldn’t be isolated from inhabitants’ transports emissions. Figure 5: GHG emissions – Hurghada (2015) TABLE 6: GHG EMISSION/ YEAR - HURGHADA kteqCO2/year 7% Residential building 215 16% Tertiary buildings (inc. municipal) 158 Public Lighting 6 36% 12% Industry 4 0% Transport 352 Water, Waste 23 Tourism 491 2% 26% * Due to animal production and fishing Agriculture* 88 In this chart, Governorate buildings’ consumptions are included under tertiary buildings, although being detailed in the dedicated chapter and in the BEI Excel spreadsheets. The emission factors used for fossil fuel are those of the Covenant of Mayors Guidelines (IPCC methodology). The emission factor for electricity is the local factor that takes into account the Egyptian factor communicated by the NREA (the New and Renewable Energy Authority) and the production of the wind farm of Hurghada (4,628 MWh/year). Calculation: [1,235 GWh (total electricity) – 4.6 GWh (wind prod.)] x 550 kg/MWH (FE Egypt) + [4,628 (Wind prod.) x 0 kg/MWH (FE wind)] / 1,235 GWh (total electricity) = 547.938 kg/MWh 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 Residential building Tertiary (inc municipal) Public Lighting Industry Transport Water, Waste Tourism Agriculture Electricity LPG Fuels Natural Gas Other Non energetic Figure 6: GHG emissions per sector and type of resources in the city of Hurghada (2015) 33

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