8 months ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

Section III:

Section III: SECAP - Actions Planned 1. Executive Summary This section presents the Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan that has been developed by the City of Hurghada, Governorate of Red Sea in coordination with Transitions Team – CES-MED. The proposed actions have been designed on the basis of the baseline emission and energy consumption inventory. This section is structured in three parts: • Background information – Very brief overview of basic information on the city of Hurghada, • Governorate buildings and services – Presentation of activities that fall under the direct responsibility of the Governorate of Red Sea within the boundaries of the City of Hurghada (the buildings it manages and the services it implements as part of its core competencies), and • Action plan of the City of Hurghada – Presentation of activities that can be run by stakeholders independently from the Governorate’s authority, but need to be stimulated and steered by Governorate’s services in order to ensure everyone is acting within a consistent plan. 2. Background information Red Sea Governorate’s population 472,203 Population in Hurghada 279,684 Governorate area 203,685 Km 2 Municipality area 111 Km 2 Inhabited area 27,300 Km 2 Governor of the Red Sea Mass populated area 1,284 Km 2 Minister Ahmed Abdallah Energy and GHG emission in the City of Hurghada Electricity consumption 1,235 GWh/yr Electricity per capita 4,415 MWh/yr Energy consumption 3,338 GWh/yr Energy per capita 11.9 MWh/yr GHG emission/ year 1,338 ktCO2eq GHG per capita 4.78 tCO2eq The City of Hurghada, under the jurisdiction of the Governorate of the Red Sea, is located on the western coast of the Red Sea, east of Egypt and it is stretched over 40 Km long coast of the Red Sea. It is the main and focal city of the Governorate of the Red Sea and its capital. The Governorate of Red Sea is considered one of the largest governorates in Egypt (the second largest after the New Valley Governorate - El Wādī El Ǧedīd). It is rich in flora and fauna and is located between the Nile river and the Red Sea, bounded by the Suez Governorate from the north, the Red Sea from the east, the governorates of Aswan, Sohag, Qena, Asyut, Al Minya, Beni Suef from the west and Sudan’s Red Sea state from the south. The governorate has a beach of 2 1,080 Km and a total area of 203,685 KmP P. In addition to the city of Hurghada, the governorate consists of five small towns: Ras Ghareb (on the northern side), Safaga, Qusier, Marsa Alam, and Al-Shalateen and Halayeb (on the southern side). Hurghada is located on the western coast of the Red Sea, 500 Km south east of Cairo bounded by Ras Ghareb from the north, Safaga from the south-east, and both Sohag and Asyut from the south west. The city is located at 27.2579° N, 33.8116° E and at an elevation of 11 meters above sea level. According to the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS) in Egypt, the total population of the 38

Governorate of the Red Sea in 2015 was 472,203, whereas Hurghada has 279,684 representing about 59% of the governorate’s total population and forming 0.31% of Egypt’s total population (2015). The name ‘Hurghada - Al Ghardaka’ comes from a plant named in Arabic ‏,الغردق which is ‘Nitraria Retusa’ that is widely grown in the region. The area of cultivating this plant was the meeting point of all fishermen since the old ages. The city was founded in 1909 as a small town developed by British engineers engaged in oil exploration. In 1920, a small town was already established. Starting in 1980, the City of Hurghada has developed to become an internationally distinguished resort and touristic city. Hurghada is nowadays a large beach resort stretching over more than 40 Km along the Red Sea coast. It is a famous international tourist destination, renowned for leisure and sport activities such as scuba diving and fishing. It has numerous dive shops and diving centres (451 diving boats), and world-class hotels and resorts (more than 150 hotels) with capacity of 45,000 rooms. The unique underwater gardens offshore are some of the finest in the world, justifiably famous amongst divers. Hurghada’s warm and clear waters are ideal for many varieties of rare fish and coral reefs, with ultimate visibility that reaches 50 meters down, which may also be observed through glass submarines. The city of Hurghada is divided into three parts: a) El Ahia and El Helal in the Northern part; b) the old part - El Dahar including the traditional bazaar and the old town, which is the home to traditional Egyptian coffee shops and souks; and c) the modern part El Kawsar and Sekalla - the city centre, which encompasses restaurants, bars and nightclubs. However, Hurghada is a mix between old and new culture. The city boasts hosting the finest hotel chains in Villages Road and the touristic districts around, like Sahel Hasheesh, and El-Gouna in the south. The city is served by Hurghada International Airport with direct connections to many cities in Europe. Figure 10 gives an impression of the City of Hurghada and its resorts along the Red Sea. Figure 10: Impression of the City of Hurghada and its resorts – Governorate of Red Sea capital The City’s economy was, in the early days, based on fishing. Hence, this village witnessed a remarkable evolution that 39

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