3 months ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL Expected results Expected results Assumptions: - Staff awareness will result in 10% reduction of all consumption due to behavioural changes. This level of reduction doesn’t appear to be hard to achieve, as there is currently no precaution at all to avoid unnecessary electricity usage. - Working on lighting will cut electricity consumption by 30% of this sector (20% of total electricity). - Efficient AC devices will cut electricity consumption by 30 % of this sector (70% of total electricity). Energy in MWh/year GHG in tCO2eq/year Situation in 2015 Cut expected in 2030 Situation in 2030 / BAU Energy GHG Energy GHG GHG Cut All Governorate municipal buildings 2,613 1,429 - 965 - 529 3,371 16 % Staff awareness campaign (10% cut) - 261 - 143 Switch to LED lighting and sensor systems in buildings (30% cut) - 156 - 86 Switching efficient AC devices (30% cut) - 548 - 300 Note: Impact of long-term measures can only be assessed based on average ratio unless the Governorate defines the level of investment it is prepared to allocate to this topic. Budget These figures are rough estimates of budget required per action for the period 2018-2020 and ROI. Note that such investment can be made in the first years of the plan to highlight the demonstrative role of Governorate’s buildings and services. Staff awareness campaign (10% cut) 30,000 € 3.5 years Switch to LED lighting and sensor systems in buildings (30% cut) 100,000 € 6 years Switching to more efficient AC devices (30% cut) 150,000 € 7 years 4.1.2. Street lighting Current status Public lighting alone consumes 10,984 MWh/y (11GWh FE/yr), less than 1% of the total energy consumption of the city and is responsible for 6,019 Tons eqCO2/y (0.6% of the total city GHG emissions). This service costs more than 8.1 million EGP per year (394 K€). Significant efforts have already been made to switch to LED efficient device (more than 30,000 lamps each of 100W) are in service in the main streets of the city of Hurghada. However, the City still needs a comprehensive plan to significantly reduce its electricity consumption for public lighting. Long term action plan (5- to 15-year time frame) Revolving fund to replace old lamps Informed by the experiments performed in different cities in the Mediterranean region, replacement of old lamps by modern technologies (LED) appears to be very cost effective. The City of Hurghada already started such a switch, but further efforts need to be developed. 44

Even if LED lamps cost far more (highest prices reach 400€ per unit) than HPS one, they result in more than 50% consumption reduction and these LED lamps last 15 years (when HPS have to be replaced every 3 years). This very costefficient technology also offers a very good quality of light. The City of Hurghada looks for an initial financial support to feed in a revolving fund dedicated to old lamps’ replacement. The City should set up a specific budget monitoring mechanism and put aside financial resources preserved due to more efficient lamps replacing old devices. Resources saved will be invested again in lamps’ replacement. This set up could ensure full replacement over time (between 4 and 6 years depending on the initial level of investment) offering replenishment of the initial investment fund and additional budget availability due to cuts in the energy bill related to street lighting. The detailed process for this fund will be established as part of the priority action development. Street lighting strategic plan The City of Hurghada would gain from developing a street lighting strategic plan, identifying areas of differentiated usage, where lighting would be then adapted to the actual needs per specific area. • Main roads, avenue and city entrances where high intensity lighting should be necessary at least between sunset and midnight and before sunrise. Note that lighting intensity could be easily reduced, even in these areas between midnight and few hours before sunrise, • Secondary streets where reduced lighting intensity ensures safety while cutting energy consumption, • Specific areas (parks, narrow streets, pedestrian areas, etc.) where motion sensors should be installed to light up when people are around and avoid lighting when nobody is there. Such an improvement in urban planning and street infrastructures linked with a tighter management of public demand should lead to designing a lighting system combining qualitative lighting and reduced energy consumption. This evolution will require a combination of technical solutions (motion sensors, midnight automatic reduction, etc.) and social dialogue to improve acceptance of different approaches (i.e. reduced lighting after midnight, appropriate lighting in narrow streets, parks, etc.). A possible work plan could unroll as follows: 1. Based on the city development plan, identify 3 or 4 types of streets and areas according to their specific lighting needs. 2. Organise public consultation to ensure proper acceptance of the new lighting system; propose and collect ideas to continue improving the plan. 3. Define the appropriate technical solutions for each type and design the implementation program taking into account priorities per type of area (for example, identifying one specific block of streets, places and avenues where the new lighting system would be implemented as a show case for the rest of the city). 4. Implement step by step the plan, organising all along the implementation process, a control and assessment mechanism – including public participation – to continuously improve the system based on performance assessment of the option adopted. Such monitoring must measure energy consumption reduction and highlight what it means in budget cuts. Expected results Assumption: - Expanding conversion to LED lamps will result in 40% reduction in electricity consumption. - A strategic lighting management plan with an ambitious target to reduce lighting can provide another 30% cut (after the initial 20% cut) 45

CIB W116—Smart and Sustainable Built Environments - Test Input
Passive Design in Hot Humid Climates - IBD
Buildings and Climate Solutions (Nov. 2008) - Pacific Institute for ...
Best Policy Practices
Leaflet Eusew (carte) - 081103.indd - First
Buildings And Energy R&D - FLC Mid-Atlantic Region
Intel's Energy Efficiency: from Silicon to the Smart Grid (pdf)
Russia's Neglected Energy Reserves - Carnegie Endowment for ...
Module B1 Study Book - the Graduate School of the Environment
The Sustainable Living House Project - Alice Solar City
Energy efficiency - “Pick the low-hanging fruit”
Climate Change - Yale Center for the Study of Globalization
SEN 45 pdf - International Network for Sustainable Energy
Cheaper electricity with renewable energy - WWF South Africa