10 months ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

Energy in MWh/year

Energy in MWh/year Situation in 2015 Cut expected in 2030 Situation in 2030 GHG in tCO2eq/year Energy GHG Energy GHG GHG (BAU) Cut / BAU Street lighting 10,984 6,019 - 2,648 - 1,451 7,764 19 % Expand LED deployment (20%) - 1,203 - 659 Street lighting strategic plan (30%) - 1,445 - 792 Budget These figures are rough estimates of budget required per action for the period 2018-2020 and ROI Expand LED deployment (20%) 230,000 € 4 years Street lighting strategic plan (30%) 118,000 € 1 year 4.1.3. Water delivery Current status Water and waste services consume 9.8 GWh FE/year representing 3,897 ton eq.CO2/year (second highest main source of emissions calculated at 32% of the governorate’s services after public lighting - 49%). Water management alone consumes 2,452 MWh/year most of it being electricity, meaning the cost of EGP 1.75 million/year. The Governorate’s Water Services secure the production of potable water 4,746,506 cubic meters/year. This amount is from desalinisation and pumps potable water into the distribution network reaching almost all households. Action to promote The Governorate services should conduct a detailed assessment of the current status of the water distribution network and the wastewater treatment process. The return of experience from other cities in the Mediterranean Region demonstrate that such assessment can help identify areas where even limited investment could lead to significant energy saving. For example, switching from classical pumps to variable speed devices and high efficiency equipment might result in cutting electricity consumption by 30% or more. switching from Likewise, establishing a SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) system for monitoring and control could help identifying where the main problems are and how the water distribution could be optimized, while reducing energy consumption. Considering the annual budget consumed by the water distribution system, it is worth looking carefully at the design of the system that could offer a short- to mid-term pay back. Expected results Energy in MWh/year Situation in 2015 Cut expected in 2030 Situation in 2030 GHG in tCO2eq/year Energy GHG Energy GHG GHG (BAU) Cut / BAU Water delivery 2,452 1,325 - 1,103 - 608 1,709 35 % Switch to variable power pumps (30% cut) - 736 - 405 SCADA system (15% cut) - 367 - 203 46 Budget These figures are rough estimates of budget required per action for the period 2018-2020 and ROI. Switch to variable power pumps 150,000 € 5.5 years SCADA system 30,000 € 2.5 years 4.1.4. Solid waste management Current status The solid waste issue gained significant attention in recent years, not only due to its environmental impacts, but also for its social and economic consequences. Waste management services collect close to 73,000 tons per year in the entire City of Hurghada. Almost all waste collected gets transferred to the landfill. There is no reliable data regarding waste composition breakdown in subcategories: bio waste; paper and carton; plastic; glass and others (mix). Such a detailed breakdown could help with designing a separate waste collection to promote recycling and reduce transport to the landfill. The service operates a large number of vehicles consuming diesel. Additionally, waste management requires electricity (lighting sites, electric equipment). The overall amount of energy consumed for waste treatment represents 7,381 MWh responsible for 2,572 tEqCO2/y and annual costs exceeding 3.5 million EGP. Waste in such a context is quite rich in organic matters, hence landfills are a significant source of GHG emission (mainly methane). Non-energetic emissions from waste represent 19,418 tCO2eq. Possible actions The Governorate would gain realising a comprehensive assessment of its waste management, with the following objectives: - Get a good understanding of the breakdown in different types of waste as a basis to design the most appropriate model for waste separation in order to sort materials that can be recycled (paper and carton, plastic, metal, glass), keeping apart organic waste that could be directed for the production of methane through bio-digester, leaving residual waste only for landfilling, - Optimize the service with adequate containers for the suitable neighbourhood, and appropriate collection tours to reduce transport costs, - Structure recycling chains giving value to material actually wasted and generating additional activities that will create jobs, - Specifically explore the benefit of installing bio-digesters units around the City of Hurghada to process bio-waste, particularly food waste from hotels and resorts, and - Explore the benefit or recovering methane form the landfill to capture it, hence significantly reducing GHG from the City of Hurghada. Additionally, the City of Hurghada, which is very concerned by the need to improve cleanliness of the city to increase its attractiveness for tourists, would benefit from designing and implementing a plan to raise public awareness on waste management, to reduce waste generation and develop recycling. A reduction in littering would also help reduce marine pollution with plastics and debris, and hence would preserve the wonderful coral reef which is a very valuable asset for responsible tourism development. Expected results Assumptions: - Reducing energy consumption by 20% due to waste collection optimization, - 20% recovery of GHG emission from landfilling, - Impact of possible bio-digesters development is not considered at this stage, and 47

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