10 months ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

- Implement solar

- Implement solar “umbrella” on parking lots and bus stations. This would be particularly appropriate for parking lots close to the harbour. They will offer a valuable shade for people and cars, and would be used to power lighting and equipment in diving centres and harbour facilities, and - Promote small scale units for households. There are other projects in development as part of the new Government of Egypt’s Feed-in-Tariff (FiT) program launched in late 2014 for both solar and wind. Solar PV for residents and private owners The plan would be to develop solar PV units in every possible place, inviting inhabitants to contribute to this development. Through this process city residents will benefit of additional income after the payback period and will become energy producers, as well as being energy consumers. The City of Hurghada could set up a revolving fund to support this development. Different options could be proposed to develop this process: - The City of Hurghada proposes residents to invest and install 5 kW units on their roof. The electricity produced goes to the electric utility. When the total value of electricity produced matches the initial investment, the PV unit ownership gets transferred to the residents, who will then receive income from the electricity sold to the utility. In this system the financial balance remains the same for the City / Utility. It covers the initial investment and receives in return electricity, which will not be bought from other sources, generating an economy equivalent to the initial investment. When the PV unit gets transferred to the resident, it buys electricity from him and not from an outside source, - The City of Hurghada invites residents to share the investment. In that case, the residents will cover part of the investment and will benefit a shorter period before getting revenues from the solar PV production. The overall economy of the system remains the same. However, one can consider that sharing the investment with residents will push them to get more ownership on the energy issue and then be more conscious of the benefit of working for energy conservation and efficiency along with developing their own production, and - The City of Hurghada passes a deal with a bank that will offer attractive loans to residents. Residents benefiting from the loan, cover 100% of the investment. The City utility offers its guarantee to secure the loan and commits to buy all the electricity produced. This mechanism could allow for the faster development of PV units. As solar PVs seem to be booming in Egypt, it is key for the City of Hurghada to ensure that this boom not only benefits big foreign investors but also contribute to the solar energy take off in all sectors of the society, as this form of energy that can be developed in many different types, from large scale units to individual small-scale production capacities. 4.3.2. Solar heating Solar heating could be widely used for covering the households’ needs and tourism sector’s heat consumption (for sanitary water and swimming pools). Solar heating could also be used in some industries, shops, restaurants, etc. that require hot water. Modern equipment is allowing for very good performance to match specific industrial needs. This component of the plan could then: - Raise awareness in all sectors on the expected benefits of this technology; - Identify the specific needs of individuals, tourism operators, and industry related to heat and hot water requirements; - Identify technical solutions to match these needs with solar heating devices; and - Develop pilot projects to promote these new production capacities. Solar heating is a simple technology than can easily be developed with the support of local technicians producing solar water heaters in small workshops, stimulating the economy and creating jobs. The role of the Governorate would be to promote the technology, develop show case projects in its own buildings, value initial investment and reward the most remarkable realisations. 60

4.3.3. Biogas As previously mentioned, there is huge potential in organic waste to be collected from hotels and resorts (150 tons a day) and processed in bio-digesters. The City of Hurghada should command a comprehensive study to explore the benefit of such technology in the City, possibly combining other bio waste (for example the bio-waste fraction of domestic waste generated by inhabitants or sludge from wastewater treatment). This study would be the basis for recommending the most appropriate set up: number of units and size; bio-waste collection system; energy production expected and recommended use (heat, electricity or fuel for vehicles). Such a pre-study would require an investment of € 20.000 that would be necessary before entering the detailed conception phase. 4.3.4. Expected results Energy in MWh/year Situation in 2014 Cut expected in 2020 Situation in 2020 GHG in tCO2eq/year Electricity* GHG Energy GHG GHG (BAU) Cut / BAU Renewable energy production + 44,000 - 13,150 1,726,652 0.8 % Solar PV public buildings (750 MWc) + 12,000 - 6,575 Solar PV households & private (750MWc) + 12,000 - 6,575 Other technologies will require further investigation before assessing production potential. Budget These figures are rough estimates of budget required per action for the period 2018-2030 and ROI Solar PV public buildings (750 MWc) Rolling fund for 7.5 MWc* 10,000,000 € 4 to 5 years Solar PV households & private (750 MWc) Rolling fund for 7.5 MWc* 10,000,000 € 4 to 5 years Solar power plant 2000 MWc (Tera Sola) Not relevant (outside SECAP funding) *The 10 m€ revolving fund allow to install 7.5MWc that will produce 57 MWh/year offering a 4 to 5 years ROI (providing the feedin-tariff remains at the same value 102 piasters/KWh) 5. Conclusion The current action plan will result in achieving a 27% reduction in GHG emission compared to the business as usual scenario in 2030 for the concerned sectors where emissions would reach 1,727 ktons CO2eq/year. It is pretty hard to identify where additional cuts could be made, as the proposed plan is already very ambitious. Note that this plan reaches a reduction of 469 ktons CO2eq/year in 2030 representing a reduction of 35% compare to the level of 2015 GHG emissions for the same perimeter. Energy in MWh/year GHG in tCO2eq/year Situation in 2015 Cut expected in 2030 Situation in 2030/ BAU Scenario Energy GHG Energy GHG GHG Cut All Governorate municipal buildings 2 613 1 429 -965 -529 3371 -16% Street lighting 10 984 6 019 -2 648 -1 451 7 764 19% Water delivery 2 452 1 325 -1 104 -605 1 709 35% Solid waste management 7 381 21 990 -1 476 -4 398 30 076 16% City of Hurghada Fleet 1 773 484 -887 -242 624 39% City buildings & services 25 203 31 247 -7 080 -7 225 Residential buildings 441 283 215 216 -114 555 -57 892 277 628 21% 61

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