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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

2.1. ENERGY CONSUMPTION

2.1. ENERGY CONSUMPTION .......................................................................................................................................... 31 2.2. GHG EMISSIONS .................................................................................................................................................... 32 GHG EMISSIONS IN THE CITY OF LUXOR (2015) ...................................................................................................................... 33 2.3. ZOOM ON MUNICIPAL BUILDING AND SERVICES IN THE CITY OF HURGHADA ........................................................................ 34 2.4. BUSINESS-AS-USUAL SCENARIO ................................................................................................................................ 35 2.5. COMPLETE BEI SPREAD SHEETS – THE CITY OF HURGHADA, GOVERNORATE OF RED SEA ...................................................... 36 SECTION III: SECAP - ACTIONS PLANNED .................................................................................................................... 38 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ....................................................................................................................................... 38 2. BACKGROUND INFORMATION ........................................................................................................................... 38 3. GOVERNORATE VISION ...................................................................................................................................... 40 4. PLANNED ACTIONS FOR THE CITY OF HURGHADA .............................................................................................. 40 4.1. ACTION ON GOVERNORATE BUILDINGS AND SERVICES ................................................................................................... 42 4.1.1. Municipal buildings ................................................................................................................................... 42 4.1.2. Street lighting............................................................................................................................................ 44 4.1.3. Water delivery ........................................................................................................................................... 46 4.1.4. Solid waste management.......................................................................................................................... 47 4.1.5. City of Hurghada / Governorate fleet ....................................................................................................... 48 4.1.6. Awareness campaign ................................................................................................................................ 49 4.2. ACTION PLAN ON THE CITY OF HURGHADA .................................................................................................................. 50 4.2.1. Transport ................................................................................................................................................... 50 4.2.2. Tourism Sector .......................................................................................................................................... 52 4.2.3. Residential buildings ................................................................................................................................. 55 4.2.4. Tertiary buildings ...................................................................................................................................... 58 4.3. RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT .......................................................................................................................... 59 4.3.1. Solar PV ..................................................................................................................................................... 59 4.3.2. Solar heating ............................................................................................................................................. 60 4.3.3. Biogas........................................................................................................................................................ 61 4.3.4. Expected results ........................................................................................................................................ 61 5. CONCLUSION ..................................................................................................................................................... 61 SECTION IV: CLIMATE ADAPTATION PLAN ................................................................................................................. 63 1. SUMMARY ......................................................................................................................................................... 63 2. CURRENT STATUS ANALYSIS .............................................................................................................................. 63 2.1. INTRODUCTION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT ............................................................................................................. 63 2.2. CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS IN EGYPT ........................................................................................................................ 65 2.2.1. Climate change impacts – Urban areas .................................................................................................... 67 2.2.2. Climate change impacts – Costal zones .................................................................................................... 68 2.2.3. Climate change impacts – Agriculture ...................................................................................................... 69 2.2.4. Climate change impacts – Water .............................................................................................................. 69 2.2.5. Climate change impacts – Ecosystems ...................................................................................................... 69 2.2.6. Climate change impacts – Tourism ........................................................................................................... 70 2.2.7. Climate change impacts – Health ............................................................................................................. 71 3. NATIONAL AND REGIONAL STRATEGY ON CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION ...................................................... 71 4 3.1. THE COMMITMENTS IN PLACE AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL .................................................................................................. 72 3.1.1. The national strategy, its goals and commitments and sectors affected ................................................. 72 3.1.2. Regional strategy and the specificities the region faces ........................................................................... 74

4. CLIMATE DATA AND CLIMATE CHANGE PROJECTIONS ....................................................................................... 75 4.1. CLIMATE OVERVIEW IN HURGHADA ........................................................................................................................... 75 4.2. CLIMATE TRENDS ................................................................................................................................................... 78 4.2.1. Main climate trends .................................................................................................................................. 79 4.2.2. Climate change weather scenarios ........................................................................................................... 80 4.2.3. Climate change risks – Hurghada ............................................................................................................. 81 4.2.4. Adaptation Scoreboard ............................................................................................................................. 82 5. RISK ASSESSMENT AND VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS ............................................................................................ 84 6. NATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION MEASURES ........................................................ 98 6.1. CLIMATE CHANGE ACTION PLAN - CCAP .................................................................................................................... 98 6.2. ADOPTED MEASURES WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE INDCS ...................................................................................... 99 6.2.1. Adaptation Challenges .............................................................................................................................. 99 6.2.2. Egypt's intended actions to promote resilience ...................................................................................... 100 6.2.3. National Adaptation Action Plan ............................................................................................................ 101 7. ADAPTATION ACTIONS IN THE CITY OF HURGHADA......................................................................................... 102 7.1. PUBLIC HEALTH AND QUALITY OF LIFE ....................................................................................................................... 103 7.1.1. Strategic actions ..................................................................................................................................... 103 7.1.2. Alert / Communication / Education ........................................................................................................ 103 7.1.3. Technical measures ................................................................................................................................. 103 7.2. INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGEMENT ............................................................................................................................ 104 7.2.1. Strategic actions ..................................................................................................................................... 104 7.2.2. Alert / Communication / Education ........................................................................................................ 104 7.2.3. Technical measures ................................................................................................................................. 104 7.3. LAND PLANNING, BUILDING MANAGEMENT AD BIODIVERSITY PROTECTION ....................................................................... 105 7.3.1. Strategic .................................................................................................................................................. 105 7.3.2. Education & awareness raising ............................................................................................................... 106 7.3.3. Technical measures ................................................................................................................................. 106 7.4. ADOPTED ADAPTATION ACTIONS PER SECTOR– CITY OF HURGHADA ............................................................................... 106 SECTION V: PROJECT FICHES .................................................................................................................................... 110 1. CITY OF HURGHADA, GOVERNORATE OF RED SEA – PRIORITY ACTION # 1 FOR SECAP ........................................ 110 2.CITY OF HURGHADA (GOVERNORATE OF RED SEA) – PRIORITY ACTION #2 FOR SECAP ........................................ 119 3.CITY OF HURGHADA (GOVERNORATE OF RED SEA) – PRIORITY ACTION # 3 FOR SECAP ........................................ 129 4. CITY OF HURGHADA – GOVERNORATE OF RED SEA PRIORITY ACTION # 4 FOR SECAP ........................................ 140 5.CITY OF HURGHADA – GOVERNORATE OF RED SEA PRIORITY ACTION # 5 FOR SECAP .......................................... 149 6.GOVERNORATE OF RED SEA, HURGHADA – PRIORITY ACTION # 6 FOR SECAP ...................................................... 160 7.CITY OF HURGHADA – GOVERNORATE OF RED SEA PRIORITY ACTION # 7 FOR SECAP .......................................... 171 8.CITY OF HURGHADA – GOVERNORATE OF RED SEA – PRIORITY ACTION # 8 FOR SECAP ....................................... 179 SECTION VI: CITIZENS AWARENESS PROMOTION PLAN ........................................................................................... 188 1. PREPARING AND INCLUDING THE “AWARENESS RAISING ACTIONS” COMPONENT IN THE SECAP ....................... 188 2.PREPARATION OF A COMMUNITY AWARENESS PROMOTIONAL PLAN (CAPP) ..................................................... 190 2.1.TEMPLATE 1- SITUATION ANALYSIS OF HURGHADA ........................................................................................................... 190 5

  • Page 1 and 2: This project is funded by the Europ
  • Page 3 and 4: EuropeAid/132630/C/SER/Multi CLEANE
  • Page 5: Table of contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • Page 9 and 10: List of tables TABLE 1: EMISSION FA
  • Page 11 and 12: Section III: Actions Planned This s
  • Page 13 and 14: capacities under construction, resu
  • Page 15 and 16: 5 million magnetic ballasts with di
  • Page 17 and 18: To mobilize all stakeholders in and
  • Page 19 and 20: 9. Coordinate with the government o
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  • Page 23 and 24: - Information on national energy po
  • Page 25 and 26: Section II: Baseline Emission Inven
  • Page 27 and 28: Figure 2: Considered themes in BEI
  • Page 29 and 30: 1.3.2.1 Residential buildings In th
  • Page 31 and 32: Volume Energy equivalent Diesel con
  • Page 33 and 34: Air transport was estimated from th
  • Page 35 and 36: average. Although, this figure stil
  • Page 37 and 38: Energy consumption in GWh 12.0 10.0
  • Page 39 and 40: GHG emissions in tCO 2eq/year in 20
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  • Page 45 and 46: temperature control system. There i
  • Page 47 and 48: Even if LED lamps cost far more (hi
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  • Page 51 and 52: 4.1.6. Awareness campaign 4.1.6.1 C
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    power air compressors for diving ac

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    To design and implement an adequate

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    Energy in MWh/year Situation in 201

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    4.3.3. Biogas As previously mention

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    Section IV: Climate Adaptation Plan

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    populated cities and suburbs). In t

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    Severe floods hit Alexandria, 24th

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    scenario is estimated to be about 1

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    place in many cities such as Alexan

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    • Third National Communication on

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    − Develop a database for all chan

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    a. Maximum & Minimum temperature Fe

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    Temperature 4.2.1. Main climate tre

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    The following figures present the s

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    and August 2017. More specifically:

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    The Governorate of the Red Sea (mun

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    Receptors Extreme weather event - A

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    Infrastructure Receptors Social Ext

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Sea level rise* Significantly fewer

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    Sea level rise* Significantly fewer

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    een created to mitigate and evaluat

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    6.2.2.2 Coastal Zones Adaptation op

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    • Alert /Communication actions: T

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    Controlled flood management zones h

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    Alert / Communication Educational T

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    Technical Utilization of drip irrig

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    tourists’ transports that current

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    in particular and in the Governorat

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    3. Organization and procedures Form

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    - European Commission (EC), - Europ

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    2. City of Hurghada (Governorate of

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    - Climate Change Risk Management Pr

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    • Ministry of Tourism (MoTrm) - r

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    Component 4 It will assess costs of

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    6. Assumptions and risks - The key

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    3. City of Hurghada (Governorate of

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    - Second National Communication on

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    Administrative and coordination pro

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    The action plans (stage A) to suppl

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    converting Hotels and resorts by na

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    - Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Dev

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    - Egypt’s Sustainable Development

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    - Turn off electric equipment at th

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    - Municipality and Governorate - Go

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    Return on Investment (draft calcula

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    5. City of Hurghada - Governorate o

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    - Public Private Partnership - PPP

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    Administrative and coordination pro

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    design and implement an adequate en

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    and ensure the implementation of th

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    - Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (A

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    Renewable energy at the city of Hur

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    - Design of Feed-in Tariffs 2012, -

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    * Calculation based on 1,278 € pe

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    - Ministry of Defense (MoD) and Min

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    Draft calculation of the NPV and re

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    7. City of Hurghada - Governorate o

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    - Environmental Awareness - Trainin

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    1. More efficient use of energy, es

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    • Successful projects in national

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    8. City of Hurghada - Governorate o

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    - Code for Improving Energy Consump

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    Costal Zones sector: 1. Reduce clim

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    permits, approvals and follow up pr

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    - European Bank for Reconstruction

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    o o Table 3 presents the proposed a

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    I. Identification of the target aud

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    sector. It would be recommended to

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    - Roles and responsibilities (Commu

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    Carnival competition (Ministry of I

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    enefits and the feasibility of inve

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    6 months apart from heavy tourist s

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    - With the campaign 2.1.1, link the

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    The dependence of Marinas and yacht

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    Template 3.2 CAPP activities as rel

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    - Smart service for smart people -

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    protection, Promote green tourism i

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    adapt/improve measures according to

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    Omran E. Frihy, Khalid M. DewidarMo

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    The European Union is made up of 28

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