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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

Step 6: Monitoring and

Step 6: Monitoring and evaluation Monitoring framework in place for adaptation actions Appropriate monitoring and evaluation indicators identified Regular monitoring of the progress and reporting to the relevant decision makers Adaptation strategy and/or Action Plan updated, revised and readjusted according to the findings of the monitoring and evaluation procedure C C – D C – B A D However, the Governorate of the Red Sea has developed a set of actions to meet Step 1: Preparing the ground for climate adaption. For example, the Governorate established a Unit for Crises Management (GCM) to deal with any climate extreme events and any other crises in the governorate. In this respect, an observatory station has been incorporated in one of the Governorate’s (municipal) buildings to monitor climate change. The Governorate of the Red Sea also created a daily communication tool with the National Weather Forecast Authority (NWFA) and the Governorate’s Central Operation Room (COR) to track any changes or extreme events in the weather or climate, record and coordinate with concerned department to deal with such extreme events, whether in the Governorate of Red Sea or in the city of Hurghada. 5. Risk Assessment and Vulnerability Analysis In order to conduct a risk assessment and vulnerability analysis, as a first step, the climate hazard types should be identified. These hazard types in general for the Maghreb and Mashreq countries in particular including Egypt, are presented in Table 14 below. TABLE14: CLIMATE HAZARD TYPES General Climate Hazard Types Extreme heat Applicable for Maghreb and Mashreq regions Governorate of the Red Sea, Egypt √ Extreme cold Landslides Storms* Droughts Sea level rise** Floods √ √ √ √ Extreme precipitation Forest fires Ice and snow Took place in Cairo, Egypt in December 2013 after 112 years and in Alexandria in 2015 and 2016 * Took plan in the Governorate of the Red Sea, mainly in Ras Ghareb in October 2016. ** The Red Sea has very little waves and SLR is not comparable to that of Mediterranean. 84

The Governorate of the Red Sea (municipality) was called in to assess the impact that each climate hazard type has a series of Vulnerable/ Impacted sectors, such as: • Population (Public Health), • Infrastructure (Transport, Energy, Water, and Social), • Built environment (Building stock and materials), • Economy (Tourist and Agriculture), and • Biodiversity (Coastal zone ecosystems, Green zones/ forests). These sectors have been identified as the most relevant for the Maghreb/ Mashreq region, utilizing info from Future Cities Adaptation Compass Tool, Governors’ (Mayors) Adapt, as well as the European Climate Adaptation Platform website. In order to conduct the vulnerability analysis, the Governorate (municipality) formulated and filled in the table, presented below (Table 15). This exercise is based on sources such as the Future Cities Adaptation Compass Tool and UNFCCC. The vulnerability analysis was carried out. Thus, the next step is to elaborate a risk assessment, in line with the above. To this end, the development of Table 16 has been conducted based on interviews with the Coordinator of Governorate of the Red Sea and it was realised. Although the probability of each risk cannot be estimated without specific climate data for each region, the impact of each risk is identified in the scale of High – Medium – Low. This has been conducted in Table 16 based on interviews with the Director of Environment Department and Coordinator of the Governorate of Hurghada. In case specific climate projections are available, a risk analysis combining probability and impact was realized, by formulating the Table 17 and Figure 23. The vulnerability analysis, combining the results is presented in the following pages. Although the probability of each risk cannot be estimated without specific climate data for each region, the impact of each risk is identified in the scale of High – Medium – Low. This has been conducted in Table 16 based on meetings and interviews with Coordinator of the Governorate of the Red Sea for the CES-MED project. 85

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