Man's physical universe

xanabras

PROBLEM-SOLVING ABILITY IN A DEMOCRACY 9

however essential in obtaining knowledge, is exceedingly dangerous

if allowed to lead to an unbalanced development. Someone has

said that "the specialist is one who is learning more and more about

less and less, until he eventually knows everything about nothing."

It is important that one should gain an understanding and appreciation

of the character of the universe as a totality before he begins

to specialize, so that he will not lose his sense of values in his later

specialization and thus become "an educated fool."

13. To develop new interests and an intellectual curiosity. Richness of

life is measured by one's alertness and breadth of interest.

14. To educate the student to know the satisfaction of work well done, to

appreciate the social value of his work, to develop standards for guiding

his expenditures , to have a regard for natural resources, and to measure

technical advances in terms of the general welfare.

SUMMARY

1. Science, through invention, has caused important and rapid

changes in our culture and has thus created many problems.

2. These problems must be solved to avoid violent revolution and

the overthrow of democracy. Violent revolution is a way of solving

problems, though it is a painful way, and sometimes the solution is

worse than the problem.

Democracy provides the machinery for solving

problems peacefully. Whether that machinery is used or not depends

in part upon us.

3. Personal happiness likewise depends upon the solution of problems.

4. The ability to solve problems, i.e., the scientific method, is the

most important contribution of education to the individuals in a

democracy.

Special Assignment.

Instead of the usual study questions, the author suggests that you

carefully consider which of the following courses of action you think

will help to develop your ability to solve problems. It is exceedingly

important that you have conferences with your teacher as often as

possible in order to obtain suggestions and help on the projects selected.

SUGGESTED COURSES OF ACTION

1. Take tests to determine the particular weaknesses which need improvement.

2. Solve real problems under the guidance of your teacher, starting with simple

ones. See the problems listed at the end of Section 4.

3. Read books on "Problem-solving" and "The Scientific Method." See the

Bibliography for Unit I, at the rear of the book.

4. Read books on "Consumers' Economics."

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