Man's physical universe

xanabras

UNIT V

SECTION 2

THE PRUDENT UTILIZATION AND CONSERVATION OF

OUR ENERGY RESOURCES ARE AN IMPORTANT SOCIAL

AND ECONOMIC PROBLEM

He that invents a machine augments the power of man. — Beecher.

Introduction.

On June 30, 1934, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt established

The National Resources Board

to prepare and present to the President a program and plan of procedure dealing

with the physical, social, governmental, and economic aspects of public

policies for the development and use of land, water, and other national

resources.

On March 15, 1938, President Roosevelt wrote a letter to the

Chairman of the National Resources Committee, which succeeded

the National Resources Board and the National Planning Board, in

which he stated,

the need for a comprehensive study of our energy sources, their prudent

utilization and conservation, and their competitive relation to each other and

to the national economic structure becomes increasingly evident.

The power that operates the machines of our industrial civilization

has been millions of years in the making, "and every ton of coal

used, every barrel of oil used, and every cubic foot of natural gas

used is so much wealth drawn from nature's storehouse."

The consumption of power per capita in the United States is 50

per cent higher than that of Great Britain, more than twice that of

Germany, and more than ten times that of Japan.

Bituminous coal supplies 48 per cent of the power; anthracite coal,

6 per cent; petroleum, 32 per cent; natural gas, 10 per cent; and water

power, less than 4 per cent. Water power is the only energy resource

that is wasted if it is not used and that continually renews itself.

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