Man's physical universe

xanabras

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304 FORMS OF ENERGY

control and utilization of natural resources. These and many other problerris

have been accentuated by modern technological development, which has

changed the jobs of working people, has opened up vast material resources,

has speeded travel and communication, and has led to nationwide business

organizations handling goods and services that were unknown to our ancestors.

Science has created a new world, and only with an understanding of science

is there any hope of establishing laws and customs for this new world that

will work and give satisfactory results.'

The United States Government National Resources Planning Board ^

Committee "is concerned with the kind of planning which is a peculiarly

American custom, based on an enthusiastic belief in

of a democracy to utilize intelligence."

the ability

You are urged to read the following reports published by the National

Resources Committee. They may be obtained from the Superintendent

of Documents, Washington, D. C, for ten cents each.

Planning Our Resources

Our Cities

Population Problems

Regional Planning

The States and Planning

Technology and Planning

Water Planning

Federal Relations to Research

Scientific Research Should Receive Even More Support than It Does

Today.

Scientific research in industry in the United States was almost

unknown in 1900. Today several thousand research laboratories are

maintained by industries, some of which have expenditures ranging

from five to forty million dollars a year. It is coming to be recognized

that the price of progress in industry is research and that from

2 to 4 per cent of the income should be allotted to research. Some of

the great research laboratories of today are those maintained by the

Bell Telephone Company, the General Motors Company, the Eastman

Kodak Company, the E. I. du Pont de Nemours Company, the Dow

Chemical Company, the National Carbide and Carbon Chemicals

Corporation, the General Electric Company, the Goodyear Tire and

Rubber Company, the B. F. Goodrich Company, and the Hercules

Powder Company.

The Mellon Institute, founded at the University of Pittsburgh in

1911 and built and endowed by Andrew and Richard Mellon, through

1

From Technology and Planning, National Resources Committee, 1937.

2 Formerly "The National Resources Board" and "The National Resources Committee.

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