Man's physical universe

xanabras

54 THE UNIVERSE A VAST SYSTEM OF PARTS

of those parts of mathematics (geometry especially)

which are useful

to astronomy.

Even in this enlightened age so many people believe in astrology and

horoscopes that about 20 per cent of the newspapers print daily columns

devoted to this most ancient pseudo-science.

The code of Standard Astrology states that "a precise astrological

opinion cannot honestly be rendered with reference to an individual

unless it is based upon a horoscope for the year, month, day and time

of day, plus corrected geographical location of the place of birth of the

individual." How, then, could forecasts in newspapers or magazines

be of any value? On the other hand, are such horoscopes less valuable

than those specially prepared for individuals?

One of the errors of astrology is that it requires that planets with a

considerable degree of similarity would affect human affairs in entirely

dissimilar ways.

Modem Astrology Still Flourishes As a Substitute for Problem-solving.

The following statements were taken from a report of the Executive

Council of the Society for Psychological Study of Social Issues:

The principal reason why people turn to astrology and to kindred superstitions

is that they lack in their own lives the resources necessary to solve

serious personal problems confronting them. Feeling blocked and bewildered

they yield to the pleasant suggestion that a golden key is at hand — a simple

solution — an ever-present help in time of trouble. . . .

By offering the public the horoscope as a substitute for honest and sustained

thinking, astrologers have been guilty of playing upon the human tendency to

take easy rather than difficult paths.

The Babylonians and Egyptians Made Some Valuable Observations and

Derived Some Interesting Conclusions Concerning the Nature of

the Universe.

The Babylonians pictured the universe to be a closed chamber, with

the earth as its floor. Around the earth lay a moat of water, beyond

which stood high mountains supporting the dome of the heavens. The

Babylonians recognized eclipses and predicted the times that they

would occur. They even fixed the length of the year as 365^ days,

which represented an error of only eleven minutes in excess of our most

accurate modern measurements.

The Hebrews' concept of the universe, probably influenced by the

Babylonians, was that there was a heavenly expanse resting on pillars

and containing windows through which waters that surrounded the

firmament could reach the earth. It is obvious that their ideas were

based on less information than we have available today.

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