Man's physical universe



today it is recognized that its chief function is the promotion of the

well-being of its citizens. It is not only concerned with the control of

banking, credit, and tarifif, but also with the conservation of natural

resources, service to business, assistance to agriculture, safety of

workers, regulation of public utilities, unemployment, old-age and

accident insurance. Many experiments have been failures, but such

tremendous progress has been made that one is justified in the belief

that Democracy can solve the problems of production and that Democracy

can make possible economic security and still

maintain the values

of truth, beauty, goodness, and all of the other values that may be

summed up under the word, freedom.

Warfare Is a Sjmaptom of Disorganized Society.

At the time this Section is written, the world is witnessing a tremendously

destructive conflict. This war is even more than a war to

obtain or retain raw materials and markets. In 1941 this war appeared

to be a titanic struggle to organize the whole world under one strong


Victor L. Berger gives a picture of the total financial cost to the

world of the World War of 1914-1918 as follows:

. . . According to the best statistics obtainable, the World War cost . . .

$400,000,000,000 in property. In order to give some idea what this means,

just let me illustrate it in the following: With that amount we could have built

a $2500 house and furnished this house with $1000 worth of furniture and

placed it on five acres of land worth $100 an acre, and given all this to each

and every family in the United States of America, Canada, Australia, England,

Wales, Ireland, Scotland, France, Belgium, Germany, and Russia.

After doing this there would be enough money left to give each city of 200,000

inhabitants and over in all of the countries named, a $5,000,000 library, a

$5,000,000 hospital, and a $10,000,000 university. And then, out of the balance

we could still have sufificient money to set aside a sum at 5% interest

which would pay for all time to come a $1000 yearly salary for each of an army

of 125,000 teachers and, in addition to this, to pay the same salary to each of

an army of 125,000 nurses. And, after having done all this, we could still have

enough left out of our $400,000,000,000 to buy up all France and Belgium and

everything of value that France and Belgium possess; that is, every French

and Belgian farm, home, factory, church, railroad, streetcar — in fact, everything

of value in these two countries in 1914. . . .

The United States Government spent $22,000,000,000 in World

War I. This amount was equal to the total cost of the United States

Government from 1791 to 1914. In the one year of June, 1940, to

June, 1941, however, more than $50,000,000,000 was appropriated for

national defense and this was eclipsed by still

after "Pearl Harbor."

larger appropriations

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