atw 2018-03v6


atw Vol. 63 (2018) | Issue 3 ı March



NMRC for Radiology Sergey Ivanov

and others.

| | (18501542),

IAEA mission: France

committed to safe,

responsible management

of radioactive waste

(iaea) An International Atomic Energy

Agency (IAEA) team of experts said

France demonstrated a comprehensive

commitment to safety with a

responsible approach to the management

of radioactive waste and spent

nuclear fuel. The team also made

suggestions aimed at further enhancements

and noted several good practices.

The Integrated Review Service for

Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel

Management, Decommissioning and

Remediation (ARTEMIS) team concluded

an 11-day mission to France on

24 January. The mission, requested by

the Government of France, was hosted

by the Directorate General of Energy

and Climate (DGEC), with the participation

of officials from several relevant

organizations including the

French National Radioactive Waste

Agency (ANDRA) and the Nuclear

Safety Authority (ASN), which is responsible

for nuclear and radiation

safety regulation in the country.

ARTEMIS missions provide independent

expert advice from an international

team of specialists convened

by the IAEA. Reviews are based on the

IAEA safety standards as well as international

good practices. The mission

to France aimed to help the country

meet European Union obligations that

require an independent peer review of

national programmes for the safe and

responsible management of spent fuel

and radioactive waste.

Nuclear power currently generates

more than 70 percent of France’s electricity.

The country has 58 operating

nuclear power reactors, which will

require the continuing safe management

of radioactive waste and spent

fuel. France operates facilities for

the disposal of very low-level and

| | Members of the ARTEMIS team which carried out a mission to France that

concluded on 24 January 2018. (Photo: IAEA)

low- level wastes, and is developing a

deep geological repository for the disposal

of high-level waste.

“On the basis of the review, the

team concluded that France’s waste

management programme is comprehensive

and coherent in fostering

safety,” said ARTEMIS team leader

Peter De Preter, Senior Advisor at

ONDRA/NIRAS, the Belgian agency

for the management of radioactive

waste. “Our review highlights France’s

commitment to safety.”

The ARTEMIS team said France is

well positioned to continue meeting

high standards of safety. It noted a

number of good practices to be shared

with the global waste management

community, while making suggestions

for further enhancing the programme.

Good practices identified by the

team included:

• A clear government commitment

to the national strategy and programme

for waste management,

including safe disposal.

• The development of a transparent

national waste inventory.

• Deliberate efforts towards maintaining

a high level of professional,

competent staff.

Suggestions made by the team


• Facilitate implementation of the

requirement for decommissioning

to take place in the shortest time


• Optimize management of very low

level wastes.

• Consider mechanisms to address

disposal liabilities for small waste


The team comprised 13 experts from

Belgium, Canada, Cuba, Finland,

Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and

the United Kingdom as well as three

IAEA staff members. The team held

meetings with officials from the

Government and several relevant


“This peer review represents an

important element in our efforts to

ensure the safety of the French waste

management programme, establish

greater public confidence and respond

to the EU waste directive,” said Aurelien

Louis, Head of the Nuclear Industry

Department at DGEC. “The outcome

of the mission was very positive

while also providing us with suggestions

that will be a good basis for future


IAEA Deputy Director General

Juan Carlos Lentijo, Head of the Department

of Nuclear Safety and Security,

noted that the French mission

was the second ARTEMIS carried out

to meet EU obligations, following a recent

review in Poland.

“The French national programme

is characterized by a pervasive proactive

attitude combined with a high level

of professionalism, which together

demonstrates an enduring commitment

to safety,” Lentijo said. “The

French programme review provides

all of us a valuable reference with an

established, diverse and coherent programme.”

The final mission report will be

provided to the Government in about

two months.


ARTEMIS is an integrated expert

review service for radioactive waste

and spent fuel management, decommissioning

and remediation programmes.

This service is intended for

facility operators and organizations

responsible for radioactive waste

management, as well as for regulators,

national policy makers and other

decision makers.

| | (18501336),

IAEA and EU review progress

on cooperation

(iaea) The International Atomic

Energy Agency (IAEA) and the European

Union (EU) reviewed progress

achieved in working together on a

range of nuclear activities and agreed

to further enhance cooperation during

their sixth annual Senior Officials

Meeting in Vienna.

The talks on 8 February at the

IAEA’s headquarters provided a forum

for exchanging views on strengthening

collaboration on nuclear safety,

security, safeguards, sustainable development,

nuclear energy research

and increasing innovation. The two

organizations welcomed the fruitful

cooperation and progress achieved

over the past years. They agreed to

deepen cooperation in several areas,

particularly in the promotion of

nuclear applications for sustainable


“The EU is a significant partner for

the IAEA and these annual gatherings

of senior officials serve an important

role in helping to coordinate our

activities,” said Cornel Feruta, Chief

Coordinator for the IAEA. “We have

been pleased by progress made in

working together on several nuclearrelated

issues, and look forward to

deepening our cooperation, in particular

in the area of nuclear applications

for sustainable development.”

“Nuclear safety and security remain

our key priorities, both in


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