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atw 2018-03v6


atw Vol. 63 (2018) | Issue 3 ı March 192 NEWS “The team has recognised the progress made by the regulatory body since the 2013 review,” said David Senior, head of the IAEA’s Regulatory Activities Section. “The mission found that the regulatory body has addressed the findings from the initial review, demonstrating a commitment to continuous improvement of the regulatory framework against IAEA safety standards.” The 12-member IRRS team comprised experts from Canada, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States of America as well as four IAEA staff members. The final mission report will be provided to the Government in about three months. Belgium plans to make it public. | | (18501410), First‐of‐its‐kind nuclear safety culture forum puts the spotlight on national context (nea) The influence of national context on nuclear safety culture was the focus of the country‐specific forum held on 23‐24 January 2018 by the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in Stockholm, Sweden, in co‐operation with the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) and the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM). The purpose of this forum was to create awareness on potential safety culture challenges related to national context, with the objective of helping organisations maintain a healthy safety culture for safe operations of nuclear installations and for effective regulatory activities. The event brought together over 60 experts from the Swedish nuclear community and international observers from France, Finland, Japan, Korea, South Africa and the United States, representing the industry and regulatory organisations. Opening remarks were delivered by NEA Director‐General William D. Magwood, IV, SSM Director General Mats Persson and WANO Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Peter Prozesky. Participants, then, spent one and a half days self‐reflecting upon their national cultural attributes in relation to safety culture. They held focus group discussions, analysed data and identified traits relevant to their national context that may strengthen or jeopardise safety. Through interactive roleplay, they explored how their national context may affect nuclear safety‐relevant behaviours. In plenary sessions, the participants shared ways and approaches to work with the national context in order to improve or maintain healthy safety culture. “The fundamental objective of all nuclear regulatory bodies is to ensure that nuclear licensees conduct their activities related to the peaceful use of nuclear energy in a safe manner within their respective countries,” said NEA Director‐General Magwood. “National influences on nuclear power plant operations and safety culture should also be considered in fostering and enhancing nuclear safety. Every country has to find how best to leverage its national context in order to build and maintain a healthy safety culture.” “We have to consider the national context, as it has good impacts on nuclear safety culture while also presenting some challenges,” added SSM Deputy Director General Fredrik Hassel. WANO CEO Prozesky said, “We are pleased to work together with the NEA to explore different ways to enhance global nuclear safety, particularly in the area of nuclear safety culture.” “The NEA has worked in recent years to advance the human aspects of nuclear safety,” said Mr Magwood. “We have been working with our membership, other international organisations and partners like WANO to make sure that we’re taking the right actions to enhance nuclear safety worldwide.” A summary report of the forum and its outcomes is in preparation and will be provided online to serve as reference point and training tool on safety culture. It will analyse national influences on safety culture, identify country‐specific traits and practical methods to address challenges, and propose a roadmap to solutions. CTBTO: Ground-breaking ceremony for the permanent Equipment, Storage & Maintenance Facility (ESMF) (ctbto) On 25 January CTBTO held a ground-breaking ceremony for its new permanent Equipment, Storage and Maintenance Facility (ESMF) in Seibersdorf, Lower Austria. The Facility will be primarily used as a storage and maintenance facility for the equipment of the On-Site Inspections Division, but will also benefit the Organization as a whole with state-of-the-art training facilities, a media centre and more. The decision to build a permanent facility at Seibersdorf is a significant event for the CTBTO as it will contribute to the further development of the monitoring and verification system of the Treaty, making the work of the Organization even more visible and attesting to the fact that it is already capable of operating to its mandate. Among the participants of the ceremony were Michael Linhart, Vice-Minister & Secretary-General of the Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Austria, Ambassador Maria Assunta Accili Sabbatini, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Italy and the Chairperson of the CTBTO PrepCom, Dr. Hannes Androsch, Chairman of the Supervisory Board of the Austrian Institute for Technology (AIT), Gerhard Karner, Second President of the State Parliament of Lower Austria, Franz Ehrenhofer, Mayor of Seibersdorf, as well as permanent representatives to the International Organizations in Vienna. The symbolic ground-breaking was only the first small step in the construction process, as shortly the construction team will have to dig 150 meters deeper into the ground before | | Groundbreaking Ceremony of CTBTO’s permanent ESMF Facility in Seibersdorf, Austria 25 January 2018. Photo: The Official CTBTO Photostream News

atw Vol. 63 (2018) | Issue 3 ı March starting work on the facility itself. The construction of the ESMF is expected to be completed by the end of 2018. At the ceremony, Secretary- General Linhart pointed out that policies of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation remain among the main priorities of Austria’s foreign policy. He reaffirmed Austria’s strong support for the CTBTO and concluded that “by building the permanent Equipment, Storage and Maintenance Facility in Seibersdorf, the CTBTO’s links with the host country will be even stronger”. Other speakers also highlighted the importance of the ESMF both for the strengthening of the CTBTO verification regime and for Austria itself, at the level of scientific and regional development. | | (18501413), UK Parliament: Brexit: energy security report published (uk-par) The EU Energy and Environment Sub-Committee publishes its report on Brexit: energy security, looking at implications for energy supply, consumer costs and decarbonisation. Key findings The report states that Brexit will put the UK’s current frictionless trade in energy with the EU at risk. The Committee calls on Government to set out how it will work with the EU to anticipate and manage supply shortages, and to assess what impact leaving the Internal Energy Market would have on the price paid by consumers for their energy. The Committee also heard that the UK’s ability to build future nuclear generation sites, including Hinkley Point C, is in doubt if access to specialist EU workers is curtailed, and that failure to replace the provisions of the Euratom Treaty by the time the UK leaves the EU could result in the UK being unable to import nuclear materials. The Committee found that EU investment has made a significant contribution to constructing and maintaining a secure energy system in the UK, and that replacing this funding will be critical to ensuring sufficient infrastructure is in place to enable future energy trading. The report concludes that, post-Brexit, the UK may be more vulnerable to energy shortages in the event of extreme weather or unplanned generation outages, and asks the Government to set out how it will work with the EU to anticipate and manage such conditions. Chair’s comments Chair of the Committee Lord Teverson said: “Individuals and businesses across the UK depend on a reliable and affordable supply of energy. In recent years, the UK has achieved such a supply in partnership with the EU, working with other Member States to make cross-border trade in energy easier and cheaper. “Over the course of the inquiry the Committee heard benefits of the UK’s current energy relationship with the EU, and the Minister acknowledged these benefits when he stated his hope that Brexit would result in as little change as possible. It remains unclear, however, how this can be achieved, without remaining in the single market, IEM and the other bodies that develop and implement the EU’s energy policy.” | | (18501424), NIA welcomes Greg Clark’s Written Ministerial Statement on Euratom (nia) The UK-based Nuclear Industry Association NIA has welcomed the government’s statement on Euratom and its commitment to update Parliament every three months as well as clarity on its intention to negotiate an implementation period to ensure a smooth transition from the current to new arrangements. Commenting Tom Greatrex, Chief Executive of the Nuclear Industry Association, said: “The Secretary of State’s statement on Euratom is a useful and welcome step in setting out the government’s approach in seeking to secure equivalent arrangements to those we benefit from as a member of Euratom. “The UK industry and research facilities have been consistently clear with government about the importance of these issues since the referendum, and given the complex nature of multilateral agreements that will need to be negotiated, the recognition of the necessity of transitional arrangements and the desire for a close future association with Euratom is welcome. “Even with a suitable transition, there remains much work for the government to do to prevent the significant disruption that industry is concerned about. “There is much still to do in equipping the UK’s regulator to take on Euratom’s safeguarding activities; agreeing a voluntary offer with the IAEA; negotiating and ratifying new bilateral Nuclear Co-operation Agreements with the USA, Canada, Australia, Japan and others; agreeing new trading arrangements with the Euratom community and concluding a new funding agreement for the UK to continue its world-leading work in Euratom’s fusion R&D activities. It is vital government continues to prioritise these issues in the period ahead if there is to be a successful outcome.” | | (18501421), NEI: Nuclear industry urges prompt next steps for electricity market reforms (nei) This afternoon (8 January 2018) the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued its order responding to a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking related to resilience from the U.S. Department of Energy. Following is comment from Maria Korsnick, president and chief executive officer of the Nuclear Energy Institute. “We are disappointed that FERC did not take affirmative action that would preserve our nation’s nuclear plants. America’s nuclear fleet must remain a strategic asset contributing to energy security, resilience, reliability, economic growth and environmental protection. The status quo, in which markets recognize only short-term price signals and ignore the essential role of nuclear generation, will lead to more premature shutdowns of wellrun nuclear facilities. Once closed, these facilities are shuttered forever. “We applaud the Secretary’s effort to place this issue on the national agenda. To that end, FERC’s order concluded that resiliency of generation ‘remains an important issue that warrants the Commission’s continued attention,’ and that its endorsement of electricity markets ‘does not conflict with its oversight of reliability.’ The Commission has opened a new proceeding ‘to specifically evaluate the resilience of the bulk power system in the regions operated by regional transmission organizations (RTO) and independent system operators (ISO).’ “We are committed to working with FERC, the Department of Energy and other federal and state policymakers to ensure that America’s nuclear fleet continues to deliver electricity reliably and affordably. We believe the direction to the RTOs/ ISOs to ‘take a proactive stance on addressing and ensuring resilience’ 193 NEWS News