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Fitzgerald's Town

12. Weekly Press 24

12. Weekly Press 24 December 1870. 13. Lyttelton Times. 22 April 1868. See Papers Past. 14. Ibid 14 May 1869. See Papers Past. 15. Weekly Press 8 January 1870. 16. Lyttelton Times. 4 January 1871. See Papers Past. 17. The Press. 3 January 1874. See Papers Past. 18. Ibid 26 December 1883. See Papers Past. 19. Ibid 5 November 1873, 4 January 1873. See Papers Past. 20. Ibid 4 January 1875. See Papers Past, and Weekly Press 10 January 1890. 21. Lyttelton Times. 7 October 1887. See Papers Past. 22. The Press. 1 June 1877. See Papers Past. 23. Ibid 10 March 1887. See Papers Past. 24. Ellesmere Guardian 5 February 1898. See Papers Past. 25. The Press. 8 September 1877. See Papers Past. 26. Lyttelton Times. 30 June 1885. See Papers Past. 27. Weekly Press 8 August 1885. 144

KICKING UP THEIR HEELS Most pioneers knew that they were unlikely to see their homeland or their families and friends again. In his reminiscences of early Lincoln T.W. Adams, pioneer farmer and arborist, remembered the loneliness of not seeing anyone for a week or more, his helplessness when ill and alone, and the thrill of hearing a skylark one Sunday afternoon as he walked to Lincoln 1 . The late Ralda Hall, when chairperson of the former Pioneer and Early Settlers Association, spoke of the courage of the women who left all that was familiar and loved to start a new life in a strange land. It comes as no surprise then that the early settlers used what opportunities they had to meet and to socialise with each other, sometimes for self improvement. 51. T. W. Adams early Lincoln pioneer and arborist Tea meetings Tea meetings were mostly associated with a church function to celebrate an anniversary, to mark the end of the Sunday School year, to welcome or farewell a minister, or as a prelude to a parish meeting. These must have been happy affairs, with talk, laughter, and tables laden with food provided by the women folk. At one particular meeting some 400 people of all denominations turned up to welcome the new Presbyterian pastor after the church had been without a minister for more than a year, an event worthy of celebration 2 . The Baptists too, socialised over tea before attending to the business of the day when their chapel, built through their own efforts and with the help of friends, was opened in February 1877. Tea was served in several sittings in order to cater for the 200 or more persons present. As always, special efforts were made to provide a treat for the children of the district either in connection with Sunday School or with the primary school. The Sunday School picnic was a feature as early as 1869 when the children were entertained to tea by the ladies and bachelors of the 145

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