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Fitzgerald's Town

Sources and Notes 1.

Sources and Notes 1. FitzGerald letter to Henry Selfe Selfe, Archives New Zealand Letter Book 4 33/1. When read, letter held by Canterbury Museum. 2. Weekly Press 16 February 1871, 25 February 1871. 3. The Press 25 January 1876. See Papers Past. 4. Ibid 11 August 1875. See Papers Past. 5. Ibid 14 September 1874. See Papers Past. Coroner’s report. 6. Adams, T.W. 1917. Early Lincoln. Canterbury Agricultural College Magazine, pp467-474 7. The Press 11 February 1863. See Papers Past. 8. Ibid 23 September 1863. See Papers Past. 9. The Weekly Press 19 December 1870. 10. Lyttelton Times 18 March 1872. See Papers Past. 11. Ibid 11 June 1887. See Papers Past. 12. Ibid 2 December 1886. See Papers Past. 13. Star 31 March 1894. See Papers Past 14. Ibid 9 November 1896. Obituary. See Papers Past 15. Weekly Press 25 February 1871. 16. Southern Provinces Almanac 1874. 17. The Press 12 April 1875, 11 August 1875. See Papers Past. 18. Weekly Press 2 September 1876. 19. The Press 26 September 1883. See Papers Past. 20. New Zealand Medical Journal 1916 Vol 17 p 39, Supplement Canterbury Times 14 February 14 1892. Obituaries 21. Elizabeth of Lavington L.J. Trask 1976. 22. New Zealand Medical Journal 1916 Vol 17 p 39, The Press 5 February 1916. See Papers Past. Obituaries. 23. The Press 26 January 1917. See Papers Past. 170

THE END OF THE CENTURY Lincoln was born during momentous times. The American Civil War was raging, the North Island was fighting the Maori Wars, and thousands were flocking to the Otago and Westland gold fields. The closing years of the 19 th century and the beginning of the next were just as exciting. In 1893 New Zealand women won the right to vote, in 1899 the Boer War broke out, Richard Seddon leader of the Liberal Party was Premier, in 1901 Queen Victoria died and was succeeded by her son, the Prince of Wales, who became Edward VII. The franchise was a triumph for the women of New Zealand, and Lincoln women played their part. The names of local women who signed the petition seeking the franchise appear in the Lincoln Historical Society’s Newsletter No. 5 in July 1993, and include Jane Banks, M.A. Blythen, M. Doherty, S. and A. Haughton, Elizabeth and Annie Morrish and Jane Wolfe. Scrutiny of electoral rolls for the election following granting of the franchise shows that some were quick to take up that right. The event was so radical that the Bishops of Christchurch, Anglican and Roman Catholic, were constrained to make comment to their respective flocks. Anglican Bishop Julius addressed a pastoral letter to the ladies of the diocese which was read in every parish. He outlined their responsibilities under the new act and urged all women to “exercise your right of voting, soberly, fearlessly, and as in the sight of God” in order to avoid the excesses of “a small and fanatical section of the community” (the suffragettes?) and to ensure that the true influence of women would not be lost to the country. On the same day Bishop Grimes addressed a meeting of Catholic women in much the same vein. He referred to the constitutional revolution which the country had gone through and although he knew that many had not wanted the franchise they now had a duty to register and to vote for the greater good. He fully supported the comments made by Bishop Julius and said that as the “eyes of the civilised world were upon them” they must exercise their vote. 1 A hundred years later it is difficult to imagine the relief and concern with which this decision was received, but although the right to vote is firmly entrenched there are still issues which many women feel discriminate against them. The Boer War of 1899–1902 saw a contingent of cavalry from Canterbury, including nine men from Lincoln district, fighting in the Transvaal. Their names are remembered on the Roll of Honour 171

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