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Fitzgerald's Town

Sources and Notes 1.

Sources and Notes 1. W.B. Tosswill to Provincial Secretary 13 September 1858 Archives New Zealand Letter 810 CP16. 2. C.P. Cox to Provincial Secretary Archives New Zealand Letter 24 CP21. 3. Road Board ordinances 1863 Province of Canterbury XX 19. 4. Lyttelton Times. 26 January 1864. See Papers Past. 5. Data from Corporation of Payneham & Norwood South Australia and from Registrar, Births ,Deaths, and Marriages,Perth, Western Australia. 6. The Press 15 October 1873. See Papers Past. 7. Weekly Press 31 December 1870. 8. Lyttelton Times. 23 September 1863. See Papers Past. 9. Ibid 20 December 1869. See Papers Past. 10. Province of Canterbury Gazette 24 May 18 1870. W. Rolleston, Provincial Superintendent proclaimed “that the Lincoln Township Fair Company’s yards at Lincoln shall be Public Pound…” 11. Lyttelton Times. 7 February 1881. See Papers Past. 12. Ibid 29 October 1886. See Papers Past. (The Board could find no other suitable and central site.) 13. Lyttelton Times. 23 December 1886. See Papers Past. 14. The Press 19 February 1874. See Papers Past. 15. Road Board Minutes 23 August 1891. 16. Ibid 3 May 1898. 17. Land Information New Zealand Deeds 107D 8. 18. New Zealand Gazette February 15 No 16 1883. 19. The Press 6 May 1890. See Papers Past. 20. Lyttelton Times. 30 January 1886. See Papers Past. (Task delegated to Board’s clerk). 21. Records of Canterbury Museum Vol. 13 1999. 22. New Zealand Gazette Vol. 2 1879. 23. The Press 8 May 1880. See Papers Past. 72

CONTINUING DEVELOPMENT The Railway In their advertisement of 20 June 1862 1 auctioneers J. Ollivier and Son stated that one of the advantages of living in Lincoln was that the proposed Little River railway would pass close by the village, providing access to the forests on the peninsula and to markets in Christchurch. An early intention of William White was to build a wooden line from Little River to Christchurch in order to reduce the cost of transporting timber from the peninsula and building stone from the Halswell quarry 2 . The Little River Tramway Ordinance 3 gave the necessary approval for the project to go ahead. It was to start at the corner of Moorhouse Avenue and Lincoln Road, go down Lincoln Road to Halswell quarry, then to Tai Tapu and Birdlings Flat and on to Little River, Cooptown and Puaha. However, the Christchurch end of the line was not built beyond the quarry, only a short distance was completed at Little River, and all work on the project stopped at the end of 1866. It was to be another decade before the dream of a railway line through Lincoln was to be realised and longer still before it reached Little River. The need for an efficient means of transport between Christchurch and Lyttelton was recognised by the Provincial Council and despite strong opposition from influential people such as James Edward FitzGerald, a line was opened between Christchurch and Ferrymead on December 1, 1863. Three years later the southern railway line was opened to Rolleston and by October 5, 1867, it had reached Selwyn. It is interesting to note that in this context provincial engineer Edward Dobson said that in his opinion the Canterbury landscape was suited to a combination of light horse tramways with a main locomotive line 4 and he hoped that it would not be long before there was a light tramway leading from the Ellesmere district to the main trunk line at Selwyn. Two years later the matter was discussed at a meeting in the Wheatsheaf Hotel at which it was emphatically stated that unless there were feeder tramways from Leeston and Lincoln the southern railway was of little practical use to farmers in these districts. The time had come for farmers in the Ellesmere district to persuade the Provincial Government that a tramway or light railway from Selwyn through to Southbridge was necessary in order to help them get their wheat to Christchurch. On 19 May 1869 5 the Superintendent, William Rolleston, received a proposal that a horse drawn tramway be built provided that the Provincial Council was willing to encourage the scheme and give what practical help it could. The estimated cost of 14 73

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