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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

disbelievers!” It

disbelievers!” It means we should not be cowardly when disbelievers attack. Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’ states in a hadîth-i-sherîf: “The best of my Ummat (Muslims) is the one who is staunch like iron.” It is necessary to be tough and rough toward those who attack Islam or hold animosity toward Muslims. It is not permissible (jâiz) to be cowardly toward those people. Pusillanimous flights will not change the Decree of Allâhu ta’âlâ. When Allâhu ta’âlâ’s Decree about one’s time of death arrives, the angel of death (Azrâil) will find that person wherever that person may be. It is not permissible to expose oneself to danger. It is a sin to stay in a dangerous place alone or to walk on a dangerous road alone. 20– TAHAWWUR Excessive anger or harshness which reaches dangerous levels is called tahawwur (boldness, foolhardiness). A person with tahawwur demonstrates attributes of harshness, wrath and roughness. Opposite of tahawwur is softness (hilm). A soft natured person will not become angry or excited when he encounters a situation which causes anger (ghadab). A cowardly person only harms himself. Conversely, an angry person harms himself as well as others. Wrath may even lead one into disbelief. Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’ states in a hadîth-isherîf: “Anger (Ghadab) blemishes one’s belief.” Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’ was never seen to get angry for worldly affairs. He would only get angry for the sake of Allâhu ta’âlâ. A person in a state of anger may say or do something that causes disbelief. An angry person should think ahead that his opponent may react to his anger and do something in response. Anger causes a person’s heart to become unstable and this instability reflects on his face as an ugly and formidable appearance. Overcoming or controlling anger is called “kâzm”. Successful “kâzm” is a very good and beneficial act and causes one to earn many rewards (thawâbs). Whoever overcomes wrath or anger will be rewarded with Paradise. Allâhu ta’âlâ loves a person very much if he controls his anger for the sake of Allâhu ta’âlâ and forgives his opponent and does not retaliate. The following hadîth-i-sherîfs inform us of this type of person, “If one overcomes his anger for the sake of Allâhu ta’âlâ, Allâhu ta’âlâ will also remove His punishment (’azâb) from him,” and “Allâhu – 118 –

ta’âlâ will love, protect and have mercy on a Muslim who possesses three qualities: one who gives thanks for given blessings; one who forgives an oppressor; one who overcomes his anger ‘ghadab’.” Giving thanks for a given blessing is to use the blessing according to the guidelines set by Islam. In the following hadîth-i-sherîfs Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’ stated: “If a person who becomes very angry behaves softly although he has the power to do anything he wishes to, Allâhu ta’âlâ will fill his heart with a feeling of security and with îmân;” and “Anyone who hides or overcomes his anger will be treated equally by Allâhu ta’âlâ, i.e., Allâhu ta’âlâ will hide his shameful deeds and defects.” Imâm al-Ghazâlî ‘rahimahullâhu ta’âlâ’ said, “Having softness ‘hilm’ is more precious than overcoming anger ‘ghadab’.” A hadîth-i-sherîf points out the value of softness (hilm), “Oh my Allah! Give me knowledge ‘’ilm’, decorate me with softness ‘hilm’, bless me with piety ‘taqwâ’, and beautify me with good health ‘âfiyat’.” Someone cursed at Abdullah ibni Abbâs ‘radiy- Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhumâ’ and he replied by asking that person if he could be of any help and solve any of his troubles or needs. That person became ashamed and put his head down and apologized. Another person cursed at Zaynal Âbidîn Alî ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhumâ’ who was the son of Hadrat Huseyn ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’. He took his garment off and gave it to him as a present. Îsâ (Jesus) ‘alaihis-salâm’ was passing by some Jews. They started to call him all kinds of dirty names. He talked back to them softly. When he was asked why he was so kind to them despite all the invectives they had been hurling at him, he replied, “One will give others whatever one possesses.” The general rule is that a person who does not bother anyone will feel comfortable and be merry and everyone will praise him. A hadîth-i-sherîf reads: “Anger (ghadab) occurs due to the evil suggestions (waswasa) of the devil. The devil was created from fire. Fire is extinguished with water. Make ablution (wudu) for overcoming anger!” For this reason, an angry person should read “A’ûdhu basmala” and two “Qul a’ûdhu” [the last two chapters of the Qur’ân which start with the word “Qul a’ûdhu”.] An angry person’s intellect (’aql) will stop functioning and he will go beyond the limits set by Islam. An angry person should sit down if he is standing up. A hadîth-i-sherîf reads: “Whoever is overtaken by anger (ghadab) should sit down if he is standing up. If anger continues, he should lie down on one of his sides!” It is – 119 –

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