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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

easy for a standing

easy for a standing person to react for quick revenge. Sitting down lessens his anger. Lying down lessens his anger further. Anger is the result of conceit (kibr). Lying down decreases conceit. It is commanded in a hadîth-i-sherîf that an angry person should recite (or read) the following prayer, “Allâhummaghfir li-zanbi wa azhib gayza qalbi wa ajirni minashshaytân.” The meaning of this prayer (duâ) is as follows: “Oh my Allah! Forgive my sin. Save me from the anger in my heart and the evil suggestions of the devil.” If a person cannot treat the person who caused the anger (ghadab) softly, he should part from him and should not see him any longer. One should not get angry with others for worldly or religious affairs. The hadîth-i-sherîf titled, “Lâ taghdab” forbids anger. When a person gets angry all of his nerves become unstable and some parts of his body lose their physical fitness. Doctors cannot find a cure for that illness. The only cure for that illness is the above mentioned hadîth-i-sherîf “Lâ taghdab”. An angry person hurts people around him with his words and behavior. They also catch nervous illnesses. No peace and harmony will be found in their home. It may even result in separation or murder. If there is no one who gets angry in a home, there is happiness, comfort, peace and cheerfulness there. If there is a person who gets angry, there will not be any comfort, peace or cheerfulness there. There could always be some sort of disagreement or even animosity between the husband and wife or between the son and his mother. It must be understood from these that complying with the rules of Islamic Sharî’at will bring happiness, comfort, and cheerfulness. Even disbelievers who follow the rules of the Sharî’at will attain happiness in this world. Ignorant and stupid people refer to anger (ghadab) and wrath (tahawwur) as bravery (shajâ’at), honor, manliness, and patriotism. They embellish and beautify the vice anger (ghadab) with these euphemistic words. They tell others that having anger is a good thing and try to support this view with stories relating how great personalities got angry. Their attitude reflects their ignorance and prove that their brains do not function properly. As a matter of fact, a sick person gets mad faster than a healthy person, women get angry more quickly than men, and ageing people are more prone to anger than youngsters. People who are below thirty years of age are called young, people who are between thirty and fifty are called – 120 –

mature people and those over fifty are called old people (shaikh) and those who are above seventy years of age are called very old men (pîr-i-fânî). A subliminal prime mover of wrath dormant in a person’s nature would be a fervid and ireful sermon preached out of the preacher’s personal mentality rather than being based on Islam’s instructions and religious books. Its sole cure is mild, soft and sweet language. One day Hadrat Hasan and Huseyn ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhumâ’ (two blessed grandsons of the Messenger of Allah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’) were traveling in the desert, when they saw an old man making an ablution (wudû). The old man was not observing all the necessary conditions of the ablution. They were ashamed to tell the old man that his ablution would not be acceptable. They approached him and told him that they were disputing with each other as to who was making a better ablution and asked the old man to be the judge. Each one made ablution by observing all necessary conditions. The old man watched their actions closely and at the end told them, “Oh my sons! I have just learned how to make an ablution from you.” Prophet Abraham (Ibrâhîm ‘alaihis-salâm’) gave a banquet to two hundred fire worshippers (majûsî). They in turn asked Ibrâhîm ‘alaihis-salâm’ what they could do for him. Ibrâhîm ‘alaihis-salâm’ asked them to make prostration (sajda) to his Lord (Allahu ta’âlâ). They discussed his desire among themselves and said that he was well known for his generosity therefore they decided not to offend him. They said that making a prostration for his Lord would not change anything and they said, after the prostration, they would still go and worship their own gods. While they were making the prostration (sajda), Ibrâhîm ‘alaihis-salâm’ appealed to Allâhu ta’âlâ, saying, “Oh my Lord! I can only do this much. It is in Thine power to bestow happiness on them and to show them the right path. Please, honor them by making them Muslims!” His prayer was accepted and all of them became Muslims. It is necessary to counsel a person who is getting ready to commit a forbidden act when he is alone. When a person is observed committing a forbidden act, he will be warned immediately in a soft manner. Advising everybody in private beforehand will be more effective. Another cause of a person’s anger would be being misunderstood. A recommended way of avoiding – 121 –

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