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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

that time. When someone

that time. When someone comes to your home at that time, become like the good one of the two sons of Adam.” Upon hearing all these, the Sahâba ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhum ajma’în, asked Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’ as to how the Muslims of that time should behave. In response he said, “Become like furniture of your house!” In another narration he said, “At such instigation times, do not leave your homes!” [This hadîth-i-sherîf exists in Abû Dâwûd and Tirmuzî, two renowned books of Hadîth.] You have probably heard about the tortures and persecutions which the disbelievers of the Dâr-ul-harb have been inflicting on the Muslims in Muslim countries, e.g. in the city of Negrekût. They have subjected the Muslims to unprecedented insults. Such ignoble behaviour will be quite rife during the latest era (Âkhir zaman). [Translation from the 68th letter is finished here.] The following information is written in the abridged version of Tadhkira-i-Qurtubî: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’ said, “Do not raise instigation ‘fitna!’ Raising instigation by speech is like raising instigation through the sword. Instigations caused by sinners (fâjirs) and tyrants (zâlims) through backbiting, lying, and slandering of others are more harmful than the instigation caused through the sword.” Almost all scholars inform us unanimously that even those who are compelled into such difficult circumstances as they have no other choice but save their lives and property, should not rebel against the government and laws of the land. For, hadîth-i-sherîfs command us to be patient against oppressive governments. Imâm al-Muhammad ash- Shaybânî ‘rahimahullâhu ta’âlâ’ informs us that Rasûlullah ‘sall- Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’ said the following prayer (duâ), “Allâhumma innî as’aluka fi’lal khayrât wa tarkalmunkarât wa hubbalmasâkin wa izâ aradta fitnatan fî kawmî fa-tawaffanî gayra maftûn.” The meaning of this prayer is: “Oh my Lord! Bless me with the lot of performing good deeds, avoiding harmful deeds, and sympathising with the poor! When You decree to create instigation among my nation, take my soul before I become involved in that instigation!” As imâm al-Qurtubî ‘rahimahullâhu ta’âlâ points out, this hadîth-i-sherîf shows that it is necessary to avoid instigation so much so that it is better to die instead of getting involved in instigation. The following hadîth-i-sherîfs quoted in the book Mishkât read: “Follow the Muslims and their leader during the time of – 142 –

instigation. If there is no one in the way of truth, do not join the people embroiled in instigation and rebellion. Do not get involved in instigation until you die!” And “Follow the orders of the government during the time of instigation (fitna). Even if it treats you with oppression and even it takes away your property, still obey the orders of the government!” And “Hold fast to Islam during the time of instigation. Save yourself! Do not attempt to teach others how they should behave! Do not get out of your house. Hold your tongue!” And “Many people will be killed during the time of instigation. Those who do not participate in the instigation will be saved!” And “Those who do not join the people who raise instigation will attain happiness. So will those who patiently survive an inevitable instigation.” And finally “Allâhu ta’âlâ, on the day of Judgement (Qiyâmat), will ask someone why he did not stop a certain sinner when he witnessed him committing the sin. That person will answer by saying that he was afraid of the danger that might be inflicted by the sinner upon him and he will further say that he relied on Allâhu ta’âlâ’s Attribute ‘Forgiving’.” This hadîth-i-sherîf indicates that when the enemy is too powerful, not doing the amr-i-ma’rûf and nahy anil munkar is permissible. It is written in the explanation of the book Shir’at-ul-Islâm that doing amr-i-ma’rûf and nahy anil munkar is “fard alkifâya” [1] . It is an act of sunnat to advise other Muslims to perform acts of sunnat and to (try to) dissuade them from committing acts of makrûh. A person who is committing a prohibited action should be admonished that the deed he is committing is unjustifiable and that he should stop committing it. Physical interference is out of keeping. However, a person who plans to commit a prohibited action should be stopped with recourse to physical interference. Verbal or physical, interference should be done in a manner clear of fitna and harm. It should be known in advance that interference will be useful. Zann-i-ghâlib, i.e. strong [1] Any behaviour, thought or belief commanded overtly in the Qur’ân al-kerîm is called farz (or fard, pl. farâid or farâiz). When this commandment is incumbent on every individual Muslim, it is termed farz-i-’ayn. Otherwise, i.e. if all Muslims are absolved from a certain Islamic commandment when only one Muslim performs it, it is termed farz-i-kifâya. For Islamic terms such as farz, wâjib, and sunnat, please see our other publications such as Endless Bliss, The Sunnî Path, etc. – 143 –

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