9 months ago

Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

‘farz’, pl.

‘farz’, pl. faraîz,) but does not perform them due to laziness, will not become an apostate and will not lose his belief. However, a Muslim who does not perform an obligatory duty commits two grave sins with that negligence. The first one is the sin of spending the time allotted for that obligatory prayer without worship, i.e. postponing an obligatory prayer. In order for this sin to be forgiven, it is necessary for him to make tawba, i.e. to repent and feel sorry and decide not to delay it again. The second one is the sin of not performing the obligatory duty. In order for this grave sin to be forgiven, he has to make “qadâ”, e.g., perform the omitted obligatory duty as early as possible. Otherwise, any (inexcusable) delay will add another grave sin to the guilt. [Sayyid Abdulhakîm Effendi ‘rahimahullâhu ta’âlâ’, a great Islamic scholar; the mujaddid (restorer of Islam’s original, pristine purity) in the fourteenth (Islamic) century; an expert in Islam’s bâtinî (spiritual) sciences as well as in zâhirî (physical, outward) sciences; a professor in the (Academy of Islamic Sciences called) Madrasa-t-ul-mutakhassisîn, and chairman of the department of Tasawwuf, reiterated the following statement in his lectures as well as in his preaches and sermons (sohbats) in mosques (in Istanbul): “It is a grave sin not to perform an obligatory duty without any excuse within its prescribed time.” It is written in Islamic books that it is a grave sin not to make qadâ of an omitted prayer as soon as possible. This fact is written also in the previous paragraph. Once the period of time which Islam has allotted to a certain obligatory duty has past, with the duty left undone, every unit of time long enough to perform that duty and yet spent without performing it will multiply the sin one fold and will be added to the state of sinfulness. Thus, as time passes in negligence, the sinfulness will double, reaching an unmeasured and unthinkable amount. Thus, the sin of not performing the “qadâ” of an obligatory duty increases many folds. For example, in the case of five daily obligatory “salât” prayers, the sin of an unperformed salât prayer increases five folds in one day. One should realize graveness of the situation for a person who did not perform his five daily obligatory “salât” prayers for months or years. One should look for all sorts of means to save oneself from this grisly and petrifying sin. Anyone with true belief and common sense should try to make qadâ of his omitted prayers of salât day and night in order to save himself from the horrific punishment in Hell for not performing the obligatory “salât” – 168 –

prayers. We are informed that one will be punished in the Hell for seventy thousand years for one “salât” prayer which is not performed due to laziness and without any excuse. When a Muslim ponders the amount of punishment he would suffer in Hell for not performing innumerable “salât” prayers as explained above, he will lose his sleep, stop eating and drinking, and feel great distress. Yes, anyone who does not recognize the obligatory “salât” prayers as obligations and duties will become a disbeliever and an apostate. An apostate will be punished in Hell forever. Regardless, such a person does not believe in Hell or punishment or the importance of obligatory “salât” prayer. He leads a bestial life in this world. He does not think of anything other than his pleasures and collecting the money which provides the pleasures. His principle in life is to obtain the money irrespective of how others will be affected or suffer. Were his pleasures obtainable only at the sacrifice of entire mankind, he would not care. He has neither belief nor wisdom. This type of person does not have any mercy. He is more dangerous than beasts and the fiercest of animals. His talking about humanity, mercy, and goodness is like writing on air. They are traps for others in order for him to satisfy his appetite and worldly benefits. Making “qadâ” of the “salât” prayers which were not performed for years has become almost impossible to accomplish. There is no blessing (barakat) left in the world because mankind has turned away from the Sharî’at. In other words, they have stopped obeying the commandments and dived into committing harâm. They have departed from the path which Islam teaches and which leads to beauty and peace. Sustenance (rizq) has become scarce. The hundred and twenty-fourth âyat-ikerîma of Sûra Tâhâ purports: “But whosoever turns away from Me (My Message), verily for him is a life narrowed down, ...” (20- 124) As a matter of fact, there has been decrease in many kinds of sustenance such as sustenance of îmân, sustenance of health, sustenance of food, sustenance of humanity, and that of mercy. The saying which goes, “Hudâ (Allâhu ta’âlâ) never torments His slave. What everyone suffers is his own nemesis,” has been derived from the thirty-third âyat-i-kerîma of Sûra Nahl [1] . [1] Final part of the âyat-i-kerîma reads: “... But Allâhu ta’âlâ wronged them not: nay, they wronged their own nafs.” (16-33) – 169 –

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