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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

SECOND STEP: What

SECOND STEP: What happens to the soul when a person dies? When a person dies and his body rots, his spiritual heart and the soul will not be annihilated. Death parts them from the body. When they leave their body, they go back to the mujarrad, i.e. immaterial, world. They will not be annihilated [until Doomsday (Qiyâmat)]. Religious scholars, philosophers and unbiased scientists share this belief. Only a few naturalists have differed with this unanimity and deviated from the right path. They likened human beings to grass which grows in a desert. They said that the human being, like grass, comes into existence, grows and disappears; his soul does not stay in existence forever. For that reason, this group of naturalists are called “Hashâshîs” or “Grassdealers.” Philosophers and religious scholars refuted their corrupt philosophy with various proofs. [Allâhu ta’âlâ created many elements, a hundred and five of which have so far been discovered each having different and special characteristics. Every element is made up of atoms. He made every atom, like a micro generator, a great source of energy. He created molecules and ion configurations by bringing atoms together. Then He created organic and inorganic compounds, cells, various tissues and systems. Each of them has such fine subtleties, natural laws and harmony in their creation that mind falls into wonderment. For example, a cell, which can only be observed under a microscope, is like a giant factory which has many departments. The human mind so far has only seen a negligible part of the machinery that exists in this gigantic factory. Functioning of millions of cells which make up the human body requires existence of thousands of proper conditions inside and outside the body. If one of these thousands of conditions and harmonious systems stalls, the entire body also will stall. Allâhu ta’âlâ, the Almighty and Omniscient, operates this body machine automatically by creating infinite systems of order and harmony. The spiritual heart and soul are, so to speak, the electric power of this machine. When some failure takes place in a generator, the electric power goes out. Likewise, in case of failure in the order and harmony which exist inside and outside the body, the soul departs from the body and thus the human being dies. No motor or machine in the world can function indefinitely. They all wear out in time and are discarded. This is a general law of nature. The body also wears out in time and decays. When the body of a human being decays – 186 –

in the grave, none of the cells or elements become nonexistent. Decaying of the body means organic molecules making up the body being decomposed into smaller molecules, like carbon dioxide, ammonia, water and free nitrogen with the influence of earth and anaerobic micro-organisms. This decomposition is a physico-chemical event. Today, it is known with certainty that matter does not cease to exist during chemical and physical reactions. The French chemist (and physician) Lavoisier, who lived in the 16th century, proved through experimentation that matter is neither annihilated nor created from nothing during chemical reactions. He supposed that everything could only happen through chemical reactions and by chemical laws and thus stated, “In nature, nothing is created and nothing can be annihilated.” Today, newly discovered information about nucleus and nuclear reactions show that matter converts into energy and disappears, thus proving Lavoisier was wrong. Today, scientists clearly see that further advancement in science, new discoveries, and inventions add new strength to Islamic religion and refute the slanders of enemies of Islam and destroy and disgrace the atheists who worship matter. Unfortunately, however, there are some religiously ignorant university graduates who exploit their precarious smattering of scientific knowledge as a tool and the recent scientific retardation in the Muslim world as a ground for the hostile campaign they wage against Islam. These infidels with diplomas try to mislead the younger generations by saying such lies as, “Islam is backwardness. It prevents progress. Christians are making progress. They are inventing all sorts of scientific and technological vehicles. Their new inventions in the areas of medicine, defense, and communication are dazzling our eyes. Muslims are not aware of any of these advancements in science and technology. We have to follow Christians.” They encourage youngsters to desert their beautiful Islamic morals and Muslim brotherhood and follow the Europeans and Americans. They say that following them means progress. They try to make youngsters irreligious and inimical to Islam like themselves and thus try to lead them to disasters. In reality, Islam commands us to make progress in science and technology. Christians and all other disbelievers do what they have learned from their forefathers and masters. They add small modifications to the things they learned from their fathers and do them again. If their – 187 –

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