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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

these powers is the

these powers is the power of knowing and realizing (quwwa-i- ’âlima) or (quwwa-i-mudrika), and the second one is the causative and effective power (quwwa-i-’âmila). The power of knowing and realizing is also termed nutq or ’aql (wisdom, reason). This power consists of two main branches of force: Hikmat-i-nazarî (theoretical wisdom) is charged with acquiring experimental, or scientific, knowledge; and the second one, hikmat-i-’amalî (practical wisdom), is responsible for knowledge of ethics. Theoretical wisdom, which acquires scientific knowledge, is useful for understanding the reality or essence of the material world. On the other hand, the practical wisdom, which acquires the knowledge of ethics, discriminates virtues and good deeds from vices and evil deeds. The causative power of the soul effects the accomplishment of useful and successful deeds. It acts upon the information acquired through the power of knowing. Whereas the forces of motion in the bestial soul accept what the intuitive power finds good and reject what it loathes, the causative power of the human soul bases its performances on the judgement of wisdom. It does something if wisdom judges it to be good and useful, and refuses to do, or rejects, anything which it realizes (through wisdom) to be productive of an unhealthy or harmful result. In addition to this task, it supervises, also through the spiritual heart, the shahawî and ghadabî forces of the bestial soul. Quite a number of people behave mostly under the dictations of their nafs or bestial soul. In other words, they are mostly subject to the whims of their “wahm” and “hayâl.” Imâm Muhammad Al-Ghazâlî ‘rahmatullâhi ’aleyh’ and some of the great masters of tasawwuf said, “These forces of the soul are, in actual fact, angels. As a magnanimous and compassionate kindness to His human slaves, Allâhu ta’âlâ has assigned angels under the soul’s command. They remain under the soul’s command until the break of minor doomsday, i.e. till the soul departs from the body. This fact is implied in hadîth-i-sherîfs. It also finds credence in some events, e.g. sometimes ordinary people exhibit such unexpected adroitness as must normally be quite beyond their abilities and which experienced people marvel at. It is the two forces of the soul whereby mankind attains perfection. – 192 –

At many places in the Qur’ân, Haqq ta’âlâ commends knowledge and lore; Encouraging towards learning, the Most Beloved Messenger’s directions galore. Know this: ignorance is Islam’s enemy, and also the most formidable, For the disease its virus spreads is such a disaster most deplorable! “Wheresoever cometh ignorance, leaveth Islam thereof,” said the Messenger. He who loveth Islam ought also to love knowledge and be a science learner! “Paradise lies in the shadow of swords.” Is it not a hadîth that sayeth so? Predicting atomic bombs and jet planes, and a succinct command also! Ignorance is the only malady whereby Islam will suffer disgrace! O you, plight of nescience, what a shame, this nation has fallen into darkness! So bad is the state you have led us to, neither faith nor chastity survives! O thou, the sinister gloom, so baleful is thy oppression on Muslims’ lives! O thou, the arch enemy, to kill thee, over all else, takes priority; Thou, alone, hast over us given disbelievers this superiority! Wake up, o you, nation, or else a victim of your endemic oblivion! Beside the harm, you are being stigmatized as ‘hidebound’ into the bargain! Feel shame before Allah, and let go of Islam, you, ‘dog in the manger’! Like maggotty carcass, sink into soil, why should it join you in the danger! To this caustic remark of mine, however, the unlearned will turn a deaf ear; For, “Shame before Allah,” is a maxim which requires learning to hear. – 193 –

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