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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

chain

chain of cells-tissues-organs-systems as a whole combine together to form plants, animals, and human bodies.] All the existing things in the material domain are classified in three groups: Inanimate objects, plants, and animals. Among the animals, the human race is the most precious and honored of all. Among the different species of every class, there is an order of superiority. In other words, one of the species is superior to others. The most superior species of a class bears proximities to the lowest species of a higher class. In fact, most of their attributes are identical. For example, a coral looks like a stone which is an inanimate object but it multiplies and grows like living creatures. Date palms and fly-catcher (dionaea muscicapa) act and sense like an animal. Some date palms are male and others are female. Male trees bend over toward the females. Unless some matter passes from the male date palm to the female, she cannot produce her fruits. Even though all plants have reproductive organs and fecundation takes place, it is more pronounced in date palms and bears similarity to what is in animals. As a matter of fact, there is a white section on the top of the date palm that functions like the heart of an animal. If this white section is injured or is immersed in water for a while, the date palm will wither up. It is stated in a hadîth-i-sherîf: “Show deference to your paternal aunt, the date palm! For the first date palm was created from the remnants of the clay used for (the creation of) Âdam ‘alaihis-salâm’.” This hadîth-i-sherîf may have been intended to imply the fact that the blessed tree is the highest of all plants. The lowest species of the animal race is the sponge. It has a white color and lives in the sea. It moves consciously and volitionally. There are thousands of primitive animals which live in water. From each species a better and more developed species has been created. The order of superiority among them is explained in biology books. Every species has different feeding and self defense organs. For example, some of them have arrows to defend themselves, others have teeth, claws, horns or wings. Some of them depend on their speed and some others depend on cunning, e.g. the fox. Every species is protected both individually and as a species. Numerous things that bewilder human mind are given to them as abilities for survival. For example, bees like expert engineers make octagonal honeycombs. If they were making their honeycombs in cylindrical shape, there would be an extra space between each honeycomb, which in turn would be a – 196 –

waste. There is no waste of space in the shape of an octagonal prism. If it were in the shape of a rectangle, their volume and space would be smaller. People know these facts by reading and learning. They cannot be known without learning. Who teaches them to the bee? Allâhu ta’âlâ does, by way of ilhâm (inspiration), which is termed instinct today. If we study animals on a basis of superiority among them, we will arrive at the conclusion that the highest classes of animals, and therefore the ones closest to mankind, are the horse, the monkey, the elephant, and, of the birds, the parrot. There is many a human with whose intellect that of a monkey or an elephant would not fail to compete. Darwin, a geneticist, had classified the various families of animals with respect to their superiorities to one another and noted that monkeys were the most superior of all the families. No sooner had the pathological enemies of Islam heard of this theoretical categorization than they began to spin the yarn that Darwin wrote that animals evolved to higher classes over generations, which culminated in “the earliest human species.” Some pig-headed, quasi-modern fake scientists lost no time to exploit this freestanding trend in quenching their chronic lust for misguiding Muslims’ children by denying the fact that Âdam ‘alaihis-salâm,’ (the earliest man and the first of prophets,) was created from clay. It begs the question, for one thing, whether Darwin ever suggested in his book a theory which could be construed as that animals gradually evolved to higher classes. What he said was: “There is a gradual order of superiority among classes of animals.” He wrote that the ones in the lower level of creation became a food-stock for the higher ones. This fact had been observed and understood previously by Islamic scholars and had been written in their books. For example, Alî bin Amrullah ‘rahimahullâhu ta’âlâ’ had written in his book the order of superiority among animals. He was born in 916 A.H., centuries before Darwin, and died in 979 Hijrî [1570 A.D.]. It is apparent that Darwin (1224 [1809 A.D] - 1299 [1882 A.D]) culled his ideas from the Islamic books he had read. Above the animals there exist the lowest levels of human beings. People who live in deserts, jungles are of this kind. The most superior human beings live in cities located between the 23- 66 latitutes. Furthermore, there are differences among human beings with – 197 –

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