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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

espect to material and

espect to material and moral standards, beyond and above the order of superiority in creation. Some people employed their efforts and intelligence in the advancement of technology, thereby inventing new tools and machinery. Others, in addition to technology, made progress in knowledge of reason and logic as well as in science and technology. The highest people made progress in science and technology as well as in morals and ethics. They reached the highest grade human beings can attain. This grade is called “the grade of closeness to Allâhu ta’âlâ.” People who reach the highest grade strive to enlighten those who are in the lower levels in order to raise them to higher levels. The highest of all these people are prophets ‘alaihim-us-salawât-u-wat-taslîmât.’ They were honored by receiving messages and orders from Allâhu ta’âlâ through the archangel named Jebrâîl ‘alaihissalâm’ (Gabriel). The messages and commandments which came through the archangel Gabriel are called wahy (revelation). Prophets guided human beings in the way of progress and raised their level of humanity by conveying the received revelations to them. This path of progress shown by prophets is called dîn (religion, faith). The high grades which can be attained by human beings who make progress in religion are higher than the grades conferred on angels. There are four grades of prophethood. The first grade is that of a nabî; the second grade is occupied by prophets called rasûl; and the third one has been conferred on the group of prophets called Ulul’azm. Prophets named Âdam, Nûh (Noah), Ibrâhîm (Abraham), Mûsâ (Moses), Îsâ (Jesus), and Muhammad ‘alaihimus-salâm’ occupy this grade. The fourth grade, and the highest one, is the finality of prophethood (khâtam-ul-anbiyâ), and belongs only to Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’. Glorifying him with the compliment, “Were it not for thee, (yea), were it not for thee, I wouldst have created none!” Allâhu ta’âlâ has made him a living testament to the human superiority over angels. Mankind dwells in a precisely medial position amongst entire creation. People who adapt themselves to Islam become blessed and attain grades higher than those of angels, while those who turn away from Islam as a result of indulgence in the temptations of their nafs or the misguidance of evil company, become relegated to levels lower than their natural positions. For, as we have explained earlier in the text, the soul is incorporeal, whereas the body is a heap of substances whose properties are dissimilar to one another. Man is an approximation of angels spiritually, and – 198 –

more of a beast physically. A person who reinforces his spiritual features will surpass angels in loftiness. For, he has resisted the corporeal inclinations of his body and vanquished the lowly half of his own nature, managing to get the callous team to contend for their lonely rival against all the odds in the tug-of-war, so to speak. Angels, by contrast, have no corporeal features to force them down to the dark confines of a physical body. Their goodness has been created as an innate part of their angelic nature. If a person squanders his choice in favour of the body and nourishes his nafs, he will be demoted to levels below that of beasts. Allâhu ta’âlâ declares as follows in the hundred and seventy-ninth âyat of Sûra A’râf and in the forty-fourth âyat of Sûra Furqân: “... They are like cattle – nay, (they are) more misguided: ...” In fact, animals do not have wisdom. Nor do they possess angelic souls. It would not be sinful, therefore, for them to pursue their lusts. Since men have been given a light called wisdom, it is quite loathsome for them to follow their nafs and deviate from the right path. Mixtures are the sons of Adam, Made up from angelhood and animalhood. One who follows his angel, Becomes higher than his angel. Those who become animal natured, Become lower than all creatures! Air, food, water, clothing, shelter and mates, which animals need to survive, are all created so as to be ready for them. [Among these necessities, the most immediate one is the air. They can’t survive more than a few minutes without it. They will die right away. If air were something which could be found by searching, they would not live long enough to find it. Something which is so urgently needed is created by Allâhu ta’âlâ abundantly everywhere so they could fill their lungs instinctively and naturally. Water is not as immediate a necessity as air for their survival. Human beings and animals can survive without it for a period long enough to search for it. Thus, it becomes necessary for them to strive to find it. Since animals do not have wisdom and do not cooperate with each other, they neither prepare food nor clothing for themselves, nor do they cook their food. – 199 –

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