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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

Consequently, they

Consequently, they either eat grass or carcass. They keep warm by means of their feathers, down and hair. Means of survival are created for them as parts of their bodies. Therefore; they do not need one another. Human beings have to think out all those things and prepare them. Unless they sow harvest and make bread, they cannot satisfy their hunger. Unless they spin thread, weave and tailor, they cannot clothe themselves. Likewise, they have to develop their intelligence, learn scientific knowledge and establish industries and utilize technology in order to protect themselves. Man is the treasure of all the superior properties each of which is possessed by a different species of animals. He must work hard and use his mind and wisdom to tap these dormant superior properties he is endowed with. The key which will open the door to hapiness as well as the one to perdition has been handed to him. If he uses his mind and wisdom to find the path leading to happiness and abides by this path, he will penetrate the lofty and noble values innate in his nature, rise from one horizon to another, join the world of angels, ultimately reaching his destination, i.e. love of Allâhu ta’âlâ. Otherwise, i.e. if he follows the desires of his nafs, he will stay as he was created, in the lower levels of animals. Heading for a destination quite the other way round, he will lapse into a downward course, which will gradually lead him from one disaster to another, and eventually find himself in the deepest pit of Hell. Man has a double-sided creation. He needs a guide to teach him how to recognize his innate capacity and strive to strengthen this in order to rise high and make progress. Some children are taught easily by advice, soft talk and gifts while others are taught by harsh treatment and punishment. The guide has to be good enough to understand the nature of the child and treat him accordingly, either by soft or harsh talk in order to raise him properly. Unless there is a competent guide, the child cannot gain knowledge and morals to make progress. The guide who provides knowledge and morals will save the child from calamities and make him a happy person.] Hear this, o you, deep in stupor; Love is bright and sunny; A heart without love is Hard as rock and stony. – 200 –

Lusts of the nafs have nothing In common with heart’s loving; Like food without salt, Tasteless, unappetizing. If it’s love, the heart will burn; Yet the nafs in this concern: Amidst wintry storms, A dirty, lubricious churn. Once a heart tastes this love, With its Lord falls in love, The body a cage, and itself a bird, Fluttering with love. Love is something quite holy; To call lust so is, really, On a head hairless and blind, Like a crown of gold, shiny. SECOND SUPPLEMENT TO THE PREFACE In this section, we will explain what it means for the soul to make progress toward upper heights or to sink to lower depths. We have explained earlier in the text the causes of the soul’s rising and falling. In this section, we will expand and elaborate on these matters. Every substance has certain characteristics which are common in other substances. Weight and volume are of this kind. In addition to these common characteristics, every substance has specific characteristics peculiar to it and whereby it is distinguished from others. For example, every substance has a certain density, while liquids differ from one another in respect of their boiling and freezing temperatures, different solids melt in different temperatures, and rays vary as to their wave lengths. By the same token, living beings differ in that each and every one of them has specific properties, qualities and attributes. For instance, the foxglove, digitali spurpurea in botanical terms, is known for its effect on the heart. The horse is distinguished on account of its sense of comliance with its rider and its impulse towards running, which is a characteristic deterring its being used specifically as a pack animal like a donkey. Human beings are similar to animals in many respects and similar to vegetation and inanimate objects in other respects. In – 201 –

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