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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

measured by testing. One

measured by testing. One of the famous psychiatrists of the twentieth century, American Terman [Terman was still alive in 1380 Hijrî, 1960 A.D. while this book was being written] says that historically the measurement of intelligence through tests was first performed by Ottoman Turks. Ottoman armies were moving through Europe, conquering one country after another. They were at the doorsteps of Vienna. They knew that if they conquered Vienna, it would be easy to conquer the rest of Europe. The Ottomans were bringing Islamic civilization to Europe. Lights of knowledge, learning, and ethics were illuminating the countries that had been darkened by Christianity, and were spreading vitality, humanity, peace, and happiness. For centuries, Europeans had been enslaved by dictators, capitalists, and clergy and had become barbarians. With the introduction of Islamic justice, knowledge, and ethics, Europeans were being liberated and enjoying human rights. But, the dictators and especially the Christian clergy were putting their last efforts against the Ottoman armies. One night, Great Britain’s chancellor in Istanbul sent his historic letter to London. In his letter he wrote: Eureka!...Eureka!..! I have discovered the reason for the success of the Ottoman armies. I have found the way to stop the advancement of their armies. He also wrote as follows: “Ottomans in conquered lands, without regard to nationality or religion, are testing the intelligence of the chosen children and selecting those possessing high IQs and educating them at schools [madrasas] in accordance with the Islamic ethics. They are further selecting the brightest among the students of these schools [madrasas] and educating them in the highest sciences and arts of their times at the “ANDARUN” college, which is a special school at the residence of the sultan. Military leaders are all graduates of this special school and all possess high intelligence. Those bright and successful prime-ministers, Sokullus and Koprulus have been educated in this manner. The only way to stop the advancement of the Ottoman armies and to save Christianity is to undermine and degenerate the quality of education at these special schools by working secretly behind the scenes.” After this letter the British established a new Ministry of State for the Colonial Department. The spies which were trained in this department and Christian missionaries and freemasons – 210 –

concentrated their efforts to suborn some personnel by lies, deceit, and promises of a prosperous life in the Ottoman State. They used their influences on higher authorities so that these mercenaries be appointed to effective and key administrative positions. Through these wretched puppets they tried to abolish and remove some of the most critical and important courses like sciences, ethics and advanced religious knowledge in these schools so that the graduates of these schools would lack the necessary knowledge to manage government administration successfully. They accomplished their purpose after the political reforms effected in 1839. As a result, the Islamic state was destroyed and the lights of happiness and peace radiated by Islam were extinguished. 2– Quick-wittedness (sur’at-i-fehm, which is also called sur’ati-intiqâl): Quickness in thinking and promptness in action in an emergency, in response to a challenge in a conversation or debate. This faculty helps to understand how to respond in the best and quickest manner whenever the situation requires. When the person endowed with this faculty hears something, he quickly grasps its opposite also. Intelligence is related to thinking and scrutiny. It examines known matter minutely and derives some unknown results from it. Quick wittedness refers to things other than thinking and scrutiny, e.g., quickness of grasping relativity of things to the situation at hand. 3– Clariy of mind (safâ-adh-dhihn): Quick comprehension of desired results and obtaining them. 4– Ease of learning (suhûlat al-ta’allum): Determined concentration of thought despite distractions. 5– Observing limits (husn al-ta’aqqul): Staying within the bounds and limits while learning necessary things; not overdoing things. The person gifted with this faculty will not leave out necessary things, will not occupy himself with unnecessary things, either, nor will he squander his time. 6– Retention (tahaffuz): Not forgetting things. The soul does not forget things it comprehends and understands. 7– Recall (tadhakkur): Volitional ability to remember things stored in memory. COURAGE YIELDS ELEVEN VIRTUES 1– Serious mindedness: Insusceptibility to emotional – 211 –

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