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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

ordeals

ordeals of instigation and sedition or serving the purposes of anarchists and separatists. After thereby correcting one’s faith and immunizing oneself against the seventy-two pernicious and heretical systems of belief, which are called ahl-i-bid’at, the next stage to be entered upon is to avoid committing bid’ats in the acts of worship, which means doing things in the name of worship although they are not Islam’s commandments. Allâhu ta’âlâ’s commandments and prohibitions as an ensemble are called the Sharî’at. To worship means to obey the Sharî’at. The Four Madhhabs are the true sources providing clear instructions on how to perform acts of worship. All four of them are right and true. They are, namely, Hanafî, Shâfi’î, Mâlikî, and Hanbalî. Every Muslim has to read a book teaching one of these four Madhhabs (and called a book of ’ilm-i-hâl) and perform their acts of worship in accordance with that book. Thus he will have entered that Madhhab. A person who has not entered any one of the four Madhhabs is called a la-madhhabî (or a nonmadhhabite). A lâ-madhhabî is not in the (true group of Muslims called) Ahl as-Sunnat. And a person who is not in the Ahl as- Sunnat group is either a holder of bid’at (i.e. a heretic), or a disbeliever. Hadrat Alî ‘karram-Allâhu wajhah’ says that if you see a person who does not believe in rising after death, tell him: “I believe in rising after death. If what you say comes true, I will not be losing anything but since what I say will come true you will be burning in Hell fire eternally!” Most of the scientists, government officials, university professors and military commanders living in Europe and America believe in the Hereafter and rising after death and go to churches for worship. Jews, Brahmins, Buddhists, fire worshippers, idol-worshippers, civilized people and uncivilized people are all believers (in life after death). The few unbelievers are the mendacious, cruel and unruly dictators presiding over the surviving communistic regimes and the mercenaries around them or abroad. Could we ever hazard that a couple of ignorant idiots who barter illiberal enmity against religions for an easy livelihood or a few evanescent moments of pleasure might have been following a more logical line of conduct than the remaining ninety percent of the world’s population? After death an atheist will be annihilated according to his own view and eternally punished in Hell according to the believer. As – 218 –

for the believer; he also will be annihilated in the atheist’s view, whereas he himself believes that he will lead an eternal life of pleasure and enjoyment. Which one of these two opposites would a wise and learned person choose? The second one, definitely, would he not? The tremendous order in this worldly life and in the material world announces the existence of Allâhu ta’âlâ to owners of wisdom. And Allâhu ta’âlâ announces the existence of the world to come. Then, a person with common sense and knowledge must believe in the existence and unity of Allâhu ta’âlâ. It would be idiocy and ignorance to deny. To believe in Allâhu ta’âlâ is to believe in His Attributes of Ulûhiyyat (Deity), i.e. His Attributes termed Sifât-i-dâtiyya and Sifât-i-thubûtiyya, to believe the facts He has announced, and to adapt oneself to His Sharî’at. A person who adapts himself to the Sharî’at will lead a peaceful and happy life in this world as well. He will be kind to everybody.] THIRD SECTION In this section vices will be dealt with. As we have explained in the previous sections, the essence of good nature consists of four main virtues. Similarly, the essence of bad nature consists of four main vices. 1– Scandal (razâlat) is the opposite of wisdom. 2– Cowardice (jubn) is the opposite of courage (shajâ’at). 3– Debauchery (fujur) is to follow the desires of the nafs and to commit sins. It is the opposite of chastity (iffat). 4– Tyranny (jawr, zulm) is the opposite of justice. There are innumerable vices corresponding conversely to every virtue. For, goodness occupies the medial position. To be on the right or left of the middle means to have digressed from goodness. Farther away from the middle way farther away from goodness. There is only one correct path but there are many aberrant paths. We could even state that there are infinite deviated paths. Never departing from the right path after finding it and staying on that path permanently is very difficult. The hundred and twelfth âyat of Sûra Hûd purports: “Therefore stand firm (in the Straight Path) as thou art commanded,– ...” (11-112) When this âyat-i-kerîma was revealed, Rasûlullah ‘sall- Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’ stated: “Sûra Hûd has caused my beard – 219 –

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