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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

disbelief. Although they

disbelief. Although they witnessed the miracles of Moses (Mûsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’) they preferred to stay in disbelief and said that they would not believe in someone who was a man like themselves. They did not accept that a man like themselves could be a prophet. They supposed that a prophet should be from among angels. Paradoxically, however, they worshipped Pharaoh, who was a man like themselves. Also, the Byzantine emperor Heracles preferred to stay in disbelief knowingly because he loved his throne very much and thought that if he would change his religion, he would lose his throne. Byzantine kings were called Emperor or Caesar. Persian kings were called Chosroes. Ethiopian kings were called Negus. Turkish kings were called Khan. Coptic or Gypsy kings were called Pharaoh. Egyptian kings were called “Azîz.” Himyarite kings were called Tubba. One of the companions of our Prophet, Dihya ‘radiyallâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’ delivered a letter from Prophet Muhammad ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’ to the Byzantine emperor Heracles in Damascus. He was invited to Islam with that letter. A business caravan of Meccan unbelievers had arrived in Damascus the previous evening. Heracles invited their leader, Abû Sufyân to his mansion and asked him: I have heard that someone in Medina claims to be a Prophet. Is he one of the nobles or one of a lower class? Has anyone before him also claimed to be a Prophet? Was any of his ancestors an Amir or Malik? {Titles given to a ruling person.} Do the people who join his ranks belong to wealthy families or are they poor and incompetent people? Is his call to the new religion making progress? Do any of those who join his religion later renounce it? Has he ever been seen to tell a lie or break his promise? Is he winning or losing his wars? When Abû Sufyân answered all these questions, Heracles said that all these answers showed that he was a true Prophet. Biassed and jealous, Abû Sufyân contravened: “He told some lies, though. For instance, he said that he had travelled from Mekka to al-Aqsâ in Jerusalem overnight.” Upon hearing this, one of the people in the presence of Heracles joined the conversation and said that he had been at al-Aqsâ in Jerusalem that night and told them everything that he had witnessed that night. The following day, Heracles received the Sahâbî Dihya ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’, had the letter read for him, professed his belief in (the facts written in) the letter, and told Dihya that he believed that Muhammed ‘alaihis-salâm’ was the Prophet. However, he was afraid to let his people know about his – 22 –

conversion to Islam. He told Dihya to take that letter to a certain priest and said that he was a very knowledgeable person and that he thought that he also would believe what was in the letter. As soon as the priest read the letter he accepted the message and the invitation of the new faith, and also invited people around him to this new faith. Yet the people killed him instead. Dihya went back to Heracles and reported what had happened. Heracles answered that he had known that that would happen and that was why he had not told anyone about his acceptance of the new faith. He wrote a letter to Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ and reported his belief. Later, he went to the Capital city Hamus and, where he received a letter from one of his servants informing the prophethood of Muhammad ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’ and his accomplishments. He gathered the leading personalities of his community and had the letter read for them, and then he told them that he believed in his prophethood. All the people who gathered around him severely opposed and objected to that news. Upon seeing the severity of the situation he understood that they would not believe, so, he apologized to them and told them that he was testing the strength of their attachment to their religion. People who were opposing him calmed down with his answers and prostrated themselves before him and expressed their attachment to him. Thus he preferred kufr to îmân lest he should lose his throne. Later, he sent an army to the place known as Muta to fight with the Muslims. At that war many Muslims were martyred. As a matter of fact, when Heracles’s letter of affimation arrived and was read for the Messenger of Allah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’, he said, “He is lying. He has not changed his faith of Christianity.” A copy of the prophetic letter which was sent to Heracles exists in the book of hadîth-i-sherîfs entitled Sahîh al-Bukhârî, as well as in the books Mawâhib and Berîqa. 3– Disbelief by judgement (kufr-i-hukmî). A person who says or does something which Islam dictates as a sign of disbelief will become a disbeliever even though he really believes by heart and professes to be a Muslim. It is kufr to mock, to insult or to despise anything which Islam holds valuable or precious. Anyone who says something which is not worthy of Allâhu ta’âlâ becomes a disbeliever. Examples of deeds which cause kufr are: To say, for instance, “Allâhu ta’âlâ is observing us from the Arsh or from heaven,” or “Allâhu ta’âlâ is wronging you as you have wronged me,” or to name a certain Muslim and say, “He seems like a Jew – 23 –

  • Page 1 and 2: Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 1
  • Page 3 and 4: ETHICS OF ISLAM PREFACE Let’s sta
  • Page 5 and 6: Kâshifî of Hirat. We translated t
  • Page 7 and 8: organs, to give orders to the organ
  • Page 9 and 10: ISLAMIC ETHICS FIRST CHAPTER The fi
  • Page 11 and 12: to the sects of Barnabas and Arius
  • Page 13 and 14: is evil, all the organs will be evi
  • Page 15 and 16: temperate forces are evil when they
  • Page 17 and 18: committing sins. Therefore, they do
  • Page 19 and 20: to Îsâ (Jesus) ‘alaihis-salâm
  • Page 21: find the right path or the true rel
  • Page 25 and 26: (Allâhu ta’âlâ) Who sendeth th
  • Page 27 and 28: maintenance of nikâh require holdi
  • Page 29 and 30: had during the time between his apo
  • Page 31 and 32: factories are based on experiments
  • Page 33 and 34: The third reason why one wants to a
  • Page 35 and 36: much for him. When some of the Sah
  • Page 37 and 38: “furu”) of Imâm a’zam Abû H
  • Page 39 and 40: production. Desires of the nafs are
  • Page 41 and 42: guidelines set by Islam. The first
  • Page 43 and 44: are sunnat, he will be deprived of
  • Page 45 and 46: true four Madhhabs as long as there
  • Page 47 and 48: ing oneself into other people’s f
  • Page 49 and 50: knowledge which is gained for the s
  • Page 51 and 52: ta’âlâ is that one does not com
  • Page 53 and 54: even if it is not much in quantity,
  • Page 55 and 56: any moment and health or youth cann
  • Page 57 and 58: suggestions to human beings is call
  • Page 59 and 60: states, “We will allow into Parad
  • Page 61 and 62: will surely go to Hell regardless o
  • Page 63 and 64: man’s will power but it is His Di
  • Page 65 and 66: 12- CONCEIT (KIBR) The twelfth mala
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    as long as they do not intermingle

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    oasting will lead them to Hell. In

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    introduce this way of happiness and

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    sal-lam’. If the heart, soul and

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    was Imâm Ahmad bin Hanbal ‘rahim

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    perpetrated iniquities which no one

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    and thus provided opportunity for t

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    as-sunnat scholars” or trusts whi

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    school in their childhood; nor afte

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    A poem: To be happy all the time, T

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    hadîth-i-sherîf incidentally serv

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    epresented others by proxy as well

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    Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alai

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    categories are not recorded by the

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    disquietude and a heart palpitating

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    not possess. Giving advice (nasîha

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    two Muslims meet each other, it is

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    the sins he will accumulate will be

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    inclusive. It cannot confined into

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    Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alai

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    âyat of Sûra Nisâ of the Qur’

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    neither proper nor permissible for

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    ‘alaihis-salâm’ knew that the

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    ta’âlâ will love, protect and h

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    mature people and those over fifty

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    person who tells us something. Amon

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    “Sakîna” means, having maturit

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    indeed they will not even have any

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    partner that He will accept any pra

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    to bed, hungry. They intended to fa

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    the sight of Allâhu ta’âlâ dec

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    27- SYMPATHY FOR FÂSIQS A person w

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    head. It is learned from the words,

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    prayer called namâz [1] in jamâ

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    instigation. If there is no one in

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    associate with anyone. If one under

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    Ghazâlî ‘rahimahullâhu ta’â

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    and their relationships to each oth

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    eings causes one to believe Him and

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    instead of Abdulqâdir, or “Hasso

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    specific meanings, awareness of the

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    Derivation); Ma’ânî (Meanings,

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    a person who commits venial sins as

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    attery, extortion or theft; or perp

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    ackbiting. If it is possible to sto

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    The thirty-first âyat-i-kerîma of

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    not to be deceived by their lies, s

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    prayers. We are informed that one w

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    instead of prayers that are sunnat

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    the Qur’ân al-kerîm in a state

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    teasing Allâhu ta’âlâ.” Maki

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    medîna, or social manners. As is s

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    things will attain the consent and

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    According to what suitable nature d

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    supplementary information. Every br

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    perceived through sense organs and

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    in the grave, none of the cells or

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    some materials which are similar to

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    comprehended are stored in imaginat

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    At many places in the Qur’ân, Ha

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    or elements are divided into three

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    waste. There is no waste of space i

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    more of a beast physically. A perso

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    Lusts of the nafs have nothing In c

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    Belief in Allâhu ta’âlâ and a

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    world have likenesses in that world

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    combination of chastity, wisdom, an

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    concentrated their efforts to subor

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    11- Riqqat: Not worrying about the

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    meant to do so. A reaction even bet

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    obligatory worships which are the f

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    for the believer; he also will be a

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    Rising Day by way of an assessment

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    they abandoned Islam. The fact, how

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    2- Vice which looks like chastity:

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    knowledge in favour of attacking, a

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    men. Justice means harmony and equa

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    Confessions of A British Spy, one o

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    AN IMPORTANT NOTE: First of all, on

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    worship is absolutely incumbent on

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    Him. Everyone can follow different

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    We should not spread gossip (carry

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