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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

powers is necessary to

powers is necessary to enforce law and order among these fighters. Every businessman will claim that his products are worth more than others’ products. So it is necessary to determine comparative values of those products with justice. The measure which determines the comparative value of goods is gold and silver, i.e. money. Gold and silver are called naqdayn (the two pecuniary units, two units of cash). Paper bills currently used in every country are equivalents of gold, which means that governments who are wealthier in terms of gold can issue more paper bills. Accordingly, if governments poor in gold reserves issue paper bills in excess, the paper bills issued in surpluss will lose their value. Allâhu ta’âlâ created gold and silver as money. Nothing else can replace gold. For this reason we were ordered to calculate and pay the obligatory almsgiving (zakât) in gold and silver. Values of things therefore, have to be measured with justice and in terms of gold and silver under the jurisdiction of a just judge. This judge with authority is the government. A just government prevents oppression and torture and provides the justice commanded by Allâhu ta’âlâ and determines the values of the goods with justice. In conclusion, there are three prerequisites for establishing justice among people: Nâmûs-i-rabbânî, hâkim-i-insânî, and dinâr-i-mîzânî. Of these three, nâmûs-i-rabbânî, i.e. Islam, is the most essential and of utmost importance. Religions are the laws which Allâhu ta’âlâ sent to humanity for the establishment of justice among them. He sent these divine laws so that judges should practise justice. The twenty-fifth âyat of Sûra Hadîd purports: “We sent aforetime Our apostles with Clear Signs and sent down with them. The Book and the Balance (of Right and Wrong), that may stand forth in justice: ...” (57-25) In this âyat-ikerîma, “Book” means religion, because religion is the name for the commandments and prohibitions in the Qur’ân al-kerîm. The word ‘Balance’ implicates gold because weight of gold is measured with a balance. Those who despise the commandments and prohibitions of the Qur’ân al-kerîm are unbelievers and hypocrites (munâfiqs). Anyone who does not obey the judge or the government is a rebel. [Muslims do not rebel against the laws of the countries (dâr-ul-harb) outside of Islamic states and do not commit any crime against them.] A person who denies the value of gold is a traitor and a thief. – 232 –

AN IMPORTANT NOTE: First of all, one should administer justice to oneself, to one’s behavior, and to one’s limbs. Secondly, one should render justice to one’s household, to one’s neighbors and acquaintances. Also, members of the judiciary and members of parliament should mete out justice to the people. Hence, for possessing the virtue of justice, a person should first have justice in his actions and limbs. He should use all the forces in his body and all his limbs in a manner consistent with the purpose of their creation, instead of using them for purposes counter to reason and Islam and thereby violating the divine laws enacted by Allâhu ta’âlâ. If he has a family and children, he should treat them compatibly with reason and Islam without any digression at the sacrifice of the beautiful moral values shown by Islam. He should refine his personality with beautiful habits. If he is a judge or a governor or a commander or a director of an institution, he should encourage his inferiors to be steady with their daily religious practices, himself setting an example for them. A person with these qualifications has become Allâhu ta’âlâ’s Khalîfa in the world. And in the Hereafter he will attain those blessings promised to people of justice. So auspicious and blessed is a person who fulfills these qualifications that the spiritual haloes of his goodness and barakat permeate the fortunate time and the blessed place he lives in, the lucky people who live therein, and even all the flora, fauna, and pabula. If, however, the government officials at a certain place are far from being compassionate, wellbred and just, and if –may Allâhu ta’âlâ protect us against such cataclysms– they violate people’s rights and perpetrate such iniquities as cruelty, depredation and persecution, they are, let alone people of justice, companions and friends of fiends and demons. A couplet: Do not be deceived by the villas and apparel of dictators, Gardens of their villas are watered with tears of the oppressed! People who govern other people cruelly will be treated mercilessly on the Day of Judgement by Allâhu ta’âlâ. There is a saying which goes as follows: Man, lâ yarham, lâ yurham! which means, merciless people will not receive mercy! When such tyrants band together, they form gangs, not governments. Such – 233 –

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    Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 1

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    Kâshifî of Hirat. We translated t

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    organs, to give orders to the organ

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    to the sects of Barnabas and Arius

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    is evil, all the organs will be evi

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    temperate forces are evil when they

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    committing sins. Therefore, they do

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    to Îsâ (Jesus) ‘alaihis-salâm

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    find the right path or the true rel

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    conversion to Islam. He told Dihya

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    (Allâhu ta’âlâ) Who sendeth th

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    maintenance of nikâh require holdi

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    had during the time between his apo

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    factories are based on experiments

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    The third reason why one wants to a

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    much for him. When some of the Sah

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    “furu”) of Imâm a’zam Abû H

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    production. Desires of the nafs are

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    guidelines set by Islam. The first

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    are sunnat, he will be deprived of

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    true four Madhhabs as long as there

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    ing oneself into other people’s f

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    knowledge which is gained for the s

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    ta’âlâ is that one does not com

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    even if it is not much in quantity,

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    any moment and health or youth cann

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    suggestions to human beings is call

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    states, “We will allow into Parad

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    will surely go to Hell regardless o

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    man’s will power but it is His Di

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    12- CONCEIT (KIBR) The twelfth mala

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    from the Wrath of Allâhu ta’âl

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    others’ rights will enter Paradis

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    sashay around, his skirts sweeping

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    as long as they do not intermingle

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    oasting will lead them to Hell. In

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    introduce this way of happiness and

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    sal-lam’. If the heart, soul and

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    was Imâm Ahmad bin Hanbal ‘rahim

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    perpetrated iniquities which no one

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    and thus provided opportunity for t

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    as-sunnat scholars” or trusts whi

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    school in their childhood; nor afte

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    A poem: To be happy all the time, T

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    hadîth-i-sherîf incidentally serv

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    epresented others by proxy as well

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    Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alai

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    categories are not recorded by the

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    disquietude and a heart palpitating

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    not possess. Giving advice (nasîha

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    two Muslims meet each other, it is

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    the sins he will accumulate will be

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    inclusive. It cannot confined into

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    Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alai

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    âyat of Sûra Nisâ of the Qur’

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    neither proper nor permissible for

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    ‘alaihis-salâm’ knew that the

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    ta’âlâ will love, protect and h

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    mature people and those over fifty

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    person who tells us something. Amon

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    “Sakîna” means, having maturit

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    indeed they will not even have any

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    partner that He will accept any pra

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    to bed, hungry. They intended to fa

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    the sight of Allâhu ta’âlâ dec

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    27- SYMPATHY FOR FÂSIQS A person w

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    head. It is learned from the words,

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    prayer called namâz [1] in jamâ

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    instigation. If there is no one in

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    associate with anyone. If one under

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    Ghazâlî ‘rahimahullâhu ta’â

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    and their relationships to each oth

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    eings causes one to believe Him and

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    instead of Abdulqâdir, or “Hasso

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    specific meanings, awareness of the

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    Derivation); Ma’ânî (Meanings,

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    a person who commits venial sins as

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    attery, extortion or theft; or perp

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    ackbiting. If it is possible to sto

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    The thirty-first âyat-i-kerîma of

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    not to be deceived by their lies, s

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    prayers. We are informed that one w

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    instead of prayers that are sunnat

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    the Qur’ân al-kerîm in a state

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    teasing Allâhu ta’âlâ.” Maki

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    medîna, or social manners. As is s

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    things will attain the consent and

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