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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

AN EXEMPLARY TRUE MUSLIM

AN EXEMPLARY TRUE MUSLIM The first piece of advice is to correct the belief in accordance with those which the scholars of (the credal Madhhab called) Ahl as-sunnat teach in their books. For, it is this Madhhab only that will be saved from Hell. May Allâhu ta’âlâ give plenty of rewards for the work of those great people! Those scholars of the four Madhhabs (in matters pertaining to acts and practices of worship), who attained the grade of ijtihâd, and the great scholars educated by them are called Ahl as-sunna scholars. After correcting the belief (îmân), it is necessary to perform the acts of worship which are named and prescribed in (the books written on the Islamic science termed) fiqh, i.e. to do the commandments of the Sharî’at and to abstain from what it prohibits. One should perform namâz five times daily without reluctance and slackness, and with utmost diligence concerning its principles and observing the (practical technicalities termed) ta’dîl-i arkân. A person in possession of money or property amounting to (the border of richness and termed) nisâb should pay zakât. Imâm-i a’zâm Abû Hanîfa ‘rahimahullâhu ta’âlâ’ says, “Also, it is necessary to pay the zakât of gold and silver which women use as ornaments.” [1] The human life is too valuable to waste enjoying the (worldly pleasures and tastes which Islam tolerates and terms) mubâhs. Then afortiori it should not be squandered by committing (acts which Islam prohibits and terms) harâms. We should not busy ourselves with music, singing, musical instruments, or songs. We should not be deceived by the pleasure they give our nafs. These are poisons mixed with honey and covered with sugar. We should avoid ghiybat. Ghiybat is harâm. [Ghiybat means to talk about a Muslim’s or a zimmî’s secret fault behind his back. It is necessary to tell Muslims about the faults of the harbîs, about the sins of those who commit these sins in public, about the evils of those who persecute Muslims and who deceive Muslims in buying and selling, thereby helping Muslims to beware of their harms, and to confute the slanders of those who talk and write about Islam wrongfully; these are not ghiybat. Radd-ul-Muhtâr: 5-263)]. [1] The first chapter of the fifth fascicle of Endless Bliss is allotted to the subject of ‘zakât’. – 238 –

We should not spread gossip (carry words) among Muslims. It has been declared that those who perpetrate these two types of iniquitous acts will be subjected to various kinds of torment. Also, it is harâm to lie and slander, and must be avoided. These two evils were forbidden in all the previous dispensations. It is very blessed to conceal Muslims’ defects, not to spread their secret sins and to forgive them their faults. We should be compassionate towards our inferiors, those under our command [such as wives, children, students, soldiers] and towards the poor. One should not reproach them for their faults. We should not hurt or beat or insult those poor people for trivial reasons. We should not violate anybody’s property, life, honour, or chastity. Debts to everyone and to the government must be paid. Bribery, accepting or giving, is harâm. However, it would not be bribery to give it in order to get rid of the oppression of a cruel tyrant, or to avoid a disgusting situation. But accepting this would be harâm, too. Everybody should see their own defects, and should every hour think of the faults which they have committed towards Allâhu ta’âlâ. They should always bear in mind that Allâhu ta’âlâ does not hurry in punishing them, nor does He cut off their sustenance. The words of command from our parents, or from the government, if they are compatible with the Sharî’a, must be obeyed, but the ones incompatible with Sharî’a should not be resisted against lest we should cause fitna. [See the 123rd letter in the second volume of the book Maktûbât-› Ma’thûmiyya.] After (learning Islam’s credal tenets from books written by the scholars of Ahl as-sunnat and) correcting our belief accordingly and (learning Islam’s commandments, again from books written by those blessed scholars and called books of fiqh and) adapting ourselves to the rules of fiqh, we should spend all our time remembering Allâhu ta’âlâ. We should continue remembering, mentioning Allâhu ta’âlâ as the great men of religion have communicated. We should feel hostility towards all the things that will prevent the heart from remembering Allâhu ta’âlâ. The better you adhere to the Sharî’at, the more delicious will it be to remember Him. As indolence, laziness increase in obeying the Sharî’at, that flavour will gradually decrease, being thoroughly gone at last. What should I write more than what I have written already? It will be enough for the reasonable one. We should not fall into the traps of the enemies of Islam and we should not believe their lies and slanders. – 239 –

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    Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 1

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    ETHICS OF ISLAM PREFACE Let’s sta

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    Kâshifî of Hirat. We translated t

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    organs, to give orders to the organ

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    ISLAMIC ETHICS FIRST CHAPTER The fi

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    to the sects of Barnabas and Arius

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    is evil, all the organs will be evi

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    temperate forces are evil when they

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    committing sins. Therefore, they do

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    to Îsâ (Jesus) ‘alaihis-salâm

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    find the right path or the true rel

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    conversion to Islam. He told Dihya

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    (Allâhu ta’âlâ) Who sendeth th

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    maintenance of nikâh require holdi

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    had during the time between his apo

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    factories are based on experiments

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    The third reason why one wants to a

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    much for him. When some of the Sah

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    “furu”) of Imâm a’zam Abû H

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    production. Desires of the nafs are

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    guidelines set by Islam. The first

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    are sunnat, he will be deprived of

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    true four Madhhabs as long as there

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    ing oneself into other people’s f

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    knowledge which is gained for the s

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    ta’âlâ is that one does not com

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    even if it is not much in quantity,

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    any moment and health or youth cann

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    suggestions to human beings is call

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    states, “We will allow into Parad

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    will surely go to Hell regardless o

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    man’s will power but it is His Di

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    12- CONCEIT (KIBR) The twelfth mala

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    from the Wrath of Allâhu ta’âl

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    others’ rights will enter Paradis

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    sashay around, his skirts sweeping

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    as long as they do not intermingle

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    oasting will lead them to Hell. In

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    introduce this way of happiness and

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    sal-lam’. If the heart, soul and

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    was Imâm Ahmad bin Hanbal ‘rahim

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    perpetrated iniquities which no one

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    and thus provided opportunity for t

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    as-sunnat scholars” or trusts whi

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    school in their childhood; nor afte

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    A poem: To be happy all the time, T

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    hadîth-i-sherîf incidentally serv

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    epresented others by proxy as well

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    Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alai

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    categories are not recorded by the

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    disquietude and a heart palpitating

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    not possess. Giving advice (nasîha

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    two Muslims meet each other, it is

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    the sins he will accumulate will be

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    inclusive. It cannot confined into

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    Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alai

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    âyat of Sûra Nisâ of the Qur’

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    neither proper nor permissible for

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    ‘alaihis-salâm’ knew that the

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    ta’âlâ will love, protect and h

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    mature people and those over fifty

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    person who tells us something. Amon

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    “Sakîna” means, having maturit

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    indeed they will not even have any

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    24- TO HAVE A BAD OPINION ABOUT OTH

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    partner that He will accept any pra

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    to bed, hungry. They intended to fa

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    the sight of Allâhu ta’âlâ dec

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    27- SYMPATHY FOR FÂSIQS A person w

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    head. It is learned from the words,

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    prayer called namâz [1] in jamâ

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    instigation. If there is no one in

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    associate with anyone. If one under

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    Ghazâlî ‘rahimahullâhu ta’â

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    and their relationships to each oth

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    eings causes one to believe Him and

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    instead of Abdulqâdir, or “Hasso

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    specific meanings, awareness of the

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    Derivation); Ma’ânî (Meanings,

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    a person who commits venial sins as

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    attery, extortion or theft; or perp

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    ackbiting. If it is possible to sto

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    The thirty-first âyat-i-kerîma of

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    not to be deceived by their lies, s

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    prayers. We are informed that one w

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    instead of prayers that are sunnat

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    the Qur’ân al-kerîm in a state

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    teasing Allâhu ta’âlâ.” Maki

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    medîna, or social manners. As is s

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    things will attain the consent and

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    According to what suitable nature d

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    supplementary information. Every br

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    perceived through sense organs and

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