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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

Allâhu ta’âlâ is

Allâhu ta’âlâ is remembered and His Name is mentioned,) the devil runs away. Otherwise, it continues with its suggestions.” [This hadîth-i-sherîf shows us also that it is necessary to make dhikr.] The thing which comes to the heart could be either an evil suggestion of the devil or an inspiration of an angel. Which nature it is of, can be judged by its compatibility with Islam. If this method fails, one should resort to a true religious scholar, asking him whether it is a good inspiration or an evil suggestion. One should never ask sham scholars who trade their religion for money or for worldly ranks. One may also ask a real, devoted “Shaikh” or a perfect spiritual guide (Murshîd al-kâmil) whose teachers are all renowned and devoted perfect spiritual guides themselves and their spiritual link like an unbroken chain reaches to Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’. The friends of Allâhu ta’âlâ who are called “Qutb al-madâr”, even though they are very few in number, will always exist until the time of doomsday. Leader of enlightenment (Qutb al-irshâd) who is an Islamic scholar of Ahl as-sunnat and a perfect spiritual guide does not always exist everywhere. Scholars in this capacity are quite rare, and there is a long interval after each of them. One should not presume that those sham leaders (fake shaikhs) who exist everywhere at all times are like those true perfect spiritual guides. One should be very wary lest one should be misled by one of these sham leaders (fake shaikhs) and lose one’s happiness in this world and in the world to come. Things that come to the heart will taste very bitter to the nafs if they are compatible with Islam or if they are inspired by an angel. Otherwise, if the nafs finds them very sweet and one wants to do them in a hurry, then it should be known that they come from the devil and they are evil suggestions . The devil has many tricks. Ten of them are famous: First: The devil says to a person that Allâhu ta’âlâ does not need their worships. One should remember the sixty-second âyat of sûra Baqara of the Qur’ân al-kerîm which purports, “... And any who believe in Allâhu ta’âlâ and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward...” (2-62) Second: The devil says to a person that Allâhu ta’âlâ is Compassionate and Gracious and that therefore He will forgive you and let you enter Paradise. One should remember the thirtythird âyat of Sûra Loqman of the Qur’ân al-kerîm, which states, “Do not be swayed by the Graciousness of Allah,” and the sixtythird âyat of the Sûra Maryam of the Qur’ân al-kerîm which – 58 –

states, “We will allow into Paradise only those who have the fear of Allah in their hearts.” Third: The devil tells you that “your worships or deeds are all defective and smeared with hypocrisy and therefore you cannot be a person who fears Allah. Allâhu ta’âlâ in Sûra Mâida of the Qur’ân al-kerîm says, ‘Allah only accepts the worships of the people who have the fear of Allah in their hearts.’ So, your worships will not be accepted and you are doing all these for nothing and you are suffering like an animal which is flogged by its owner for nothing.” You should respond to the devil by saying that you are doing your worships in order to avoid the punishments and in order to obey the commandments of Allâhu ta’âlâ, and that your duty is to comply with what you are commanded, and that whether the performed worships will be accepted or not is the business of Allâhu ta’âlâ, and that it is guaranteed that the worships which are carried out by observing its rules and its “fards” will be accepted. Not performing obligatory duties is a grave sin. One should perform obligatory duties in order not to commit the grave sin. Rasûlullah ‘sall- Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’ states in a hadîth-i-sherîf: “Anyone who has any intelligence will not indulge in the desires of his nafs and will perform worships. Idiots, however, will yield to the desires of their nafs and then expect mercy of Allâhu ta’âlâ.” The things that are necessary for the next world should be prepared in this transitory world. Fourth: The devil tries to stop a person from performing worships by saying to him that he should use his young energy for earning money now, and that later, after obtaining a comfortable living standard for himself he can perform the acts of worship. One should answer the devil by saying that no one knows when they will pass away. Everyone’s time of death was determined by Allâhu ta’âlâ in eternal past. One’s death may be very near; therefore, one must perform the worships immediately within their prescribed times. Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’ states in a hadîth-i-sherîf: “Halakal-musawwifun”, which means that those who leave today’s work to tomorrow are losers. Fifth: When the devil cannot stop a person from performing his worships, it will say to him, “Hurry up! Don’t delay the salât prayer!”, or “Don’t be late!” By doing so, it tries to prevent him from performing his worships properly and with due strictness regarding their precepts. One should answer the devil by saying – 59 –

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