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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

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the Islamic religion and its beautiful ethics, which our honourable ancestors brought and entrusted in its pristine completeness and correctness to your protection. Protect this holy object of care (amânat) with all your might and power against the attacks of our enemies, that is, those who attack our lives, properties, religion, and ethics, and who are eyeing our beautiful country with rapacity! Strive hard to spread this correct religion everywhere and thereby to save all human beings from infinite disasters. Let it be known that our religion orders us to have beautiful morals, mutual love for each other, respect for the elders and compassion for younger people, and to be kind to everyone irrespective of their religious opinions. Pay everyone’s due rights and wages! Do not violate laws of the land and do not oppose orders of the government! Pay your taxes on their due times! Never forget that Allâhu ta’âlâ is the helper of the righteous people! Let us love and help each other so that Allâhu ta’âlâ in turn will help us. Islamic scholars say: “Allâhu ta’âlâ created three things in humans: wisdom (’aql), spiritual heart (qalb), and nafs. [1] We can see none of them. We can understand their existence by observing their effects or the things they do, or we know them because our religion teaches them to us. Wisdom and nafs are located in our brain and the spiritual heart is found over the biological heart, which is in the left side of our chest. They are not made of matter and do not occupy space. Their existence in these places is similar to the existence of electricity in a light bulb or that of the magnetic power in an induction bobbin. Wisdom tries to understand Islamic knowledge. It understands Islamic knowledge and its good and useful as well as evil and harmful variations or portions. The good and evil are discriminated in accordance with the divine law. Wisdom, which recognizes the divine law (Sharî’at) and wants to obey it, is called “correctly thinking wisdom,” (’aql-i-salîm). People who have little wisdom and always make mistakes are called idiots or fools. People who have no wisdom are called crazy. Correctly thinking wisdom conveys good things taught by the divine law to the spiritual heart. The spiritual heart decides to do these good things. It uses the action nerves, which come out of the brain and go to the [1] A malignant being created in the human nature. All its desires run counter to Allâhu ta’âlâ’s commandments. Its the only property whose desires and activities are harmful to itself and to its owner. – 6 –

organs, to give orders to the organs so that they carry out these good things. Assimilation of the desire of doing good or evil things into the spiritual heart is called ethics or morals (akhlâq). The nafs is excessively fond of worldly pleasures. It does not think whether these are good or evil, useful or harmful. Its desires are not compatible with the divine law. Doing things that are forbidden by the divine law strengthens the nafs. It tries to convince the spiritual heart to commit the worst things. It deceives the spiritual heart by showing the evil and harmful things as good things. It strives to attain its pleasures by convincing the spiritual heart to satisfy its desires. It is necessary to strengthen the spiritual heart and to weaken the nafs so that the nafs will not be able to deceive the spiritual heart and that the spiritual heart will not develop an evil nature. As wisdom is strengthened by reading and learning Islamic knowledge, likewise the heart is strengthened, or purified, by obeying the Sharî’at. Formation of ikhlâs in the heart can only be accomplished by the spiritual heart’s mentioning the name of Allâhu ta’âlâ often (making Dhikr of Allah through the qalb). Accomplishing “Dhikr of qalb” is possible only by learning it from a perfect Sufi master (Murshîd al-Kâmil-the Perfect Guide). It is also necessary to empty the spiritual heart from all worldly thoughts formed in the brain due to the sensory information coming via the organs. Once the heart is free from all sorts of worldly thoughts, it starts to do “Dhikr of Allah” automatically. It is similar to emptying the water from a bottle. When you pour the water out, the air automatically enters the bottle. Protecting the spiritual heart from worldly thoughts can be accomplished by the spiritual heart’s benefiting (receiving “Fayd” (Nur [light]) from the spiritual heart of the perfect Sufi master. The spiritual luminance (Fayd) flows from one spiritual heart to another by way of love. Death of the perfect spiritual guide or his being in a distant country does not stop the flow of spiritual luminance (Fayd). The perfect spiritual guide (Murshîd al-kâmîl) is an “Ahl as-sunnat” scholar (’âlim) who knows Islamic knowledge in depth and does all of his actions sincerely (with ikhlâs) in accordance with this knowledge. Obeying the Sharî’at and receiving spiritual luminance (Fayd) from the perfect guide (Murshîd al-kâmîl) strengthens the spiritual heart and conversely weakens the nafs. It is for this reason that the nafs does not want the spiritual heart’s obeying the divine law (Sharî’at) or communing (Sohbat) with the perfect spiritual – 7 –

  • Page 1 and 2: Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 1
  • Page 3 and 4: ETHICS OF ISLAM PREFACE Let’s sta
  • Page 5: Kâshifî of Hirat. We translated t
  • Page 9 and 10: ISLAMIC ETHICS FIRST CHAPTER The fi
  • Page 11 and 12: to the sects of Barnabas and Arius
  • Page 13 and 14: is evil, all the organs will be evi
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  • Page 25 and 26: (Allâhu ta’âlâ) Who sendeth th
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  • Page 31 and 32: factories are based on experiments
  • Page 33 and 34: The third reason why one wants to a
  • Page 35 and 36: much for him. When some of the Sah
  • Page 37 and 38: “furu”) of Imâm a’zam Abû H
  • Page 39 and 40: production. Desires of the nafs are
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  • Page 43 and 44: are sunnat, he will be deprived of
  • Page 45 and 46: true four Madhhabs as long as there
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    suggestions to human beings is call

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    states, “We will allow into Parad

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    will surely go to Hell regardless o

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    man’s will power but it is His Di

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    12- CONCEIT (KIBR) The twelfth mala

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    from the Wrath of Allâhu ta’âl

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    others’ rights will enter Paradis

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    sashay around, his skirts sweeping

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    as long as they do not intermingle

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    oasting will lead them to Hell. In

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    introduce this way of happiness and

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    sal-lam’. If the heart, soul and

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    was Imâm Ahmad bin Hanbal ‘rahim

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    perpetrated iniquities which no one

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    and thus provided opportunity for t

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    as-sunnat scholars” or trusts whi

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    school in their childhood; nor afte

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    A poem: To be happy all the time, T

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    hadîth-i-sherîf incidentally serv

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    epresented others by proxy as well

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    Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alai

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    categories are not recorded by the

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    disquietude and a heart palpitating

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    not possess. Giving advice (nasîha

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    two Muslims meet each other, it is

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    the sins he will accumulate will be

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    inclusive. It cannot confined into

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    Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alai

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    âyat of Sûra Nisâ of the Qur’

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    neither proper nor permissible for

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    ‘alaihis-salâm’ knew that the

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    ta’âlâ will love, protect and h

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    mature people and those over fifty

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    person who tells us something. Amon

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    “Sakîna” means, having maturit

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    indeed they will not even have any

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    24- TO HAVE A BAD OPINION ABOUT OTH

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    partner that He will accept any pra

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    to bed, hungry. They intended to fa

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    the sight of Allâhu ta’âlâ dec

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    27- SYMPATHY FOR FÂSIQS A person w

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    head. It is learned from the words,

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    prayer called namâz [1] in jamâ

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    instigation. If there is no one in

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    associate with anyone. If one under

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    Ghazâlî ‘rahimahullâhu ta’â

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    and their relationships to each oth

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    eings causes one to believe Him and

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    instead of Abdulqâdir, or “Hasso

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    specific meanings, awareness of the

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    Derivation); Ma’ânî (Meanings,

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    a person who commits venial sins as

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    attery, extortion or theft; or perp

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    ackbiting. If it is possible to sto

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    The thirty-first âyat-i-kerîma of

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    not to be deceived by their lies, s

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    prayers. We are informed that one w

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    instead of prayers that are sunnat

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    the Qur’ân al-kerîm in a state

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    teasing Allâhu ta’âlâ.” Maki

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    medîna, or social manners. As is s

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    things will attain the consent and

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    According to what suitable nature d

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    supplementary information. Every br

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    perceived through sense organs and

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    in the grave, none of the cells or

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    some materials which are similar to

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    comprehended are stored in imaginat

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    At many places in the Qur’ân, Ha

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    or elements are divided into three

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    waste. There is no waste of space i

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    more of a beast physically. A perso

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    Lusts of the nafs have nothing In c

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    Belief in Allâhu ta’âlâ and a

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    world have likenesses in that world

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    KNOWLEDGE OF ETHICS AND TEACHING OF

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    combination of chastity, wisdom, an

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    concentrated their efforts to subor

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    11- Riqqat: Not worrying about the

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    meant to do so. A reaction even bet

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    obligatory worships which are the f

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    for the believer; he also will be a

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    Rising Day by way of an assessment

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    they abandoned Islam. The fact, how

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    2- Vice which looks like chastity:

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    knowledge in favour of attacking, a

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    men. Justice means harmony and equa

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    Confessions of A British Spy, one o

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    AN IMPORTANT NOTE: First of all, on

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    worship is absolutely incumbent on

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    Him. Everyone can follow different

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    We should not spread gossip (carry

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