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Islam and Christianity

ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim. For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter. Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.

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and for the purpose of blessing ourselves with the approval of Allâhu ta’âlâ by carrying out His command to do favours and charitable deeds, we shall allot the following passage to this end, supporting our argument with citations from the book Mawâhib-iladunniyya, written by Ahmad Qastalânî ‘rahmatullâhi ’aleyh’ (d. 923 [1517 C.E.]), a great Islamic sholar. Mu’jiza [1] (miracle) is a supernatural event that shows that Prophets ‘alaihimus-salawâtu wattaslîmât’ were sent by Allâhu ta’âlâ and that they tell the truth. When a Prophet displays a miracle, he has to challenge others, saying, “Try and do the same if you do not believe! You cannot.” A mu’jiza (miracle) is beyond the normal course of events and the natural laws. For this reason, scientists cannot perform miracles. If the person displaying the marvellous event does not tell others beforehand and challenge them to do the same, then that person is not a Prophet; he is a Walî, and what he has done is called a karâmat. A marvellous event performed by others is called magic. The marvellous things performed by magicians can happen through Prophets ‘alaihimussalawâtu wattaslîmat’ and through Awliyâ ‘rahima-humullâhu ta’âlâ’ as well. An example of this is: When Pharaoh’s magicians changed pieces of thread into snakes, the rod of Mûsâ (Moses) ‘alaihis-salâm’ changed into a bigger snake and ate them all. When they saw that their magic was broken and that they could not perform the same miracle, they all believed in Mûsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’, and they did not relinquish their belief despite Pharaoh’s threats and oppression. Allâhu ta’âlâ is the creator of all miracles, whether they be the mu’jizas of Prophets ‘alaihimussalawâtu wattaslîmât’ or the karâmats of Awliyâ ‘rahima-humullâhu ta’âlâ’. While He creates the ordinary, natural events that are harmonious with the laws of science through a certain chain of causes, He suspends such causes in creating the miracles. Burhân and âyat are two other terms that can be substituted for mu’jiza. Magic changes the events physically. It cannot change the construction of something. Mu’jiza and karâmat can do both these types of changes. [1] When the supernatural event, miracle, takes place through a Prophet it is called a mu’jiza. When it takes place through a Walî, it is called a karâmat. Walî means a pious Muslim whom Allâhu ta’âlâ loves very much. (pl. Awliyâ) – 118 –

The advent of Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’, some of his qualifications, that he would appear on the Arabian peninsula, and the wonderful events that would take place towards the time of his advent were written in the Torah and the Bible. That they were stated in those Holy Books was a miraculous event, not only for Mûsâ (Moses) and Îsâ (Jesus) ‘alaihim-as-salâm’, but also for Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’. Allâhu ta’âlâ blessed each Prophet with miracles (mu’jizas) coextensive with his time and valued highly by the people of his time. As for Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’; in addition to the similitudes of all the miracles given to other Prophets, he was blessed with other miracles. It is written in Mir’ât-i-kâinât that the number of miracles that he displayed during his lifetime was well over three thousand. Eighty-six of these miracles are stated in the fourth division of this chapter, under the heading Miracles of Muhammad ‘alaihissalâm’. Some of the non-Sunnite groups of Muslims, and some religiously ignorant people who pass for scientists, reject the miracles, partly or as a whole. They say that miracles “run counter to our scientific knowledge.” The first thing to do with such people is to help the ones who deny Islam (because they are unaware of it) to know Islam and to guide them to îmân (belief in Islam). Once they have îmân, they will believe in miracles. For the Qur’ân al-kerîm declares that on the day of doom the earth, the heavens, the stars, the living and lifeless beings will change both physically and chemically. A person who believes in all these changes, which are beyond the established knowledge of science, will naturally believe in miracles. We do not say that “Prophets ‘alaihimussalawâtu wattaslîmât’ make mu’jizas and Awliyâ ‘rahima-humullâhu ta’âlâ’ make karâmats.” If we said so, the disbelievers might have the right to protest. We say, “Allâhu ta’âlâ creates mu’jizas through His Prophets ‘alaihimussalawâtu wattaslîmât’, and karâmats through His Awliyâ ‘rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ.’ ” That means to say that a wise and reasonable person who is aware of the latest scientific improvements and who is cognizant of biological and astronomical events will immediately realize that from the tiniest particle to the entirety of the universe, and from the atom to the sun, all the living and lifeless beings have been created with some calculations and are working in harmony with one another like the various parts of a single machine. He will immediately believe in the fact that an Omniscient and Almighty Being, who – 119 –

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