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Islam and Christianity

ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim. For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter. Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.

Efendi, [1] contains the

Efendi, [1] contains the following information concerning the three heavenly books: “After serving Shuayb (Jethro) ‘alaihis-salâm’ for ten years in Medyen (Midian), he [2] left for Egypt to visit his mother and his brother. En route to Egypt, on Mount Tûr (Sinai), he was notified that he was the Prophet. He went to Egypt, where he invited Pharaoh and his tribe to his religion. On his way back he made a visit to Mount Sinai again and talked with Allâhu ta’âlâ. The Ten Commandments (Awâmir-i-’ashara) and the Torah, which consisted of forty books, were revealed to him. Each book contained a thousand chapters, of which each comprising a thousand verses. To read one book would take a year. With the exception of Mûsâ (Moses), Hârûn (Aaron), Yûsha’, Uzeyr, and Îsâ (Jesus) ‘alaihim-us-salâm’, no one was able to memorize the Tawrât (Torah). After Mûsâ (Moses) ‘alaihis-salâm’ various copies of the Torah were written. With the command of Allâhu ta’âlâ, Mûsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’ made a chest from gold and silver and placed in it the Torah that had been revealed to him. He was one hundred and twenty years old when he passed away somewhere in the vicinity of Jerusalem. In 668 [1269 C.E.] the Egyptian Sultan Baybars had a tomb built over his grave. Yûsha’ ‘alaihis-salâm’ captured Jerusalem from Amâlika. In a long process of time the Israelites were degenerated religiously and morally. Buhtunnasar (Abuchadnezzar) came from Babel and invaded Jerusalem. He demolished the Masjîd-i-Aqsâ, which had been built by Suleymân (Solomon) ‘alaihis-salâm’. He burnt all the copies of the Torah. He slew two hundred thousand people. He captivated seventy thousand men of religion. He transported them to Babel. When Behmen became the king he emancipated the slaves. Uzeyr ‘alaihissalâm’ recited the Torah. Those who listened to him wrote it down. After Uzeyr ‘alaihis-salâm’ Jewry degenerated again. They martyred one thousand Prophets. They lived under Iran’s domination until the time of Alexander. After Alexander they lived under the governors appointed by the Greek. “As for the Bible; neither was it preserved in its original purity. For one thing, no one knew the Bible by heart. There is not a single record showing that the Apostles knew the Bible by heart. Detailed information is given about the Bible in the initial [1] Nişanc›zâde passed away in Edirne in 1031 [1622 C.E.]. [2] Mûsâ (Moses) ‘alaihis-salâm’ – 132 –

part of our book. On the other hand, because the Qur’ân al-kerîm was revealed gradually in twenty-three years, the Believers memorized every passage as soon as it was revealed. Yet, when seventy of the hâfizes (Muslims who had committed the entire Qur’ân al-kerîm to their memory) were martyred during the war of Yamâma, [1] ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’, anxious about the decrease in the number of the people who knew the Qur’ân alkerîm by heart, applied to the time’s Khalîfa, Abû Bakr ‘radiy- Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’, advised and requested that the Qur’ân alkerîm should be compiled and written down. Upon this Hadrat Abû Bakr ordered Zayd bin Thâbit ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’, who had been a secretary for Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’, to write down the sûras (chapters) of the Qur’ân al-kerîm on separate pieces of paper. The Qur’ân al-kerîm had been revealed in seven different dialects, including the Qoureishi dialect. In fact, sometimes, when people could not properly pronounce a certain [1] Wahsî bin Harb Habashî ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ was formerly the slave of one of the unbelievers of Qoureish. He was bribed to kill Hadrat Hamza ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’, a blessed paternal uncle of the Messenger of Allah and one of the early Muslims, in the war of Uhud, the second Holy War between the Believers and the unbelievers. When the war was over, the Messenger of Allah pronounced a malediction over some of the unbelievers. The name of Wahshî was not among the people accursed, though the Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ knew that he had killed his uncle. When he was asked why he would not curse Wahshî the blessed Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “On the night of Mi’râj (Hadrat Muhammad’s ascent to heaven) I saw Hamza (the Prophet’s blessed paternal uncle) and Wahshî entering Paradise arm in arm.” After the conquest of Mekka Wahshî and other people from Tâif visited the Prophet in the mosque in Medina and became Muslims. The Messenger of Allah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ forgave him and ordered him to go to some place in the vicinity of Yamâma and live there. He felt so embarrassed for what he had done to Rasûlullah’s uncle that he lived the rest of his life with his head dropped. During the eleventh year of the Hegira a vehement battle took place between the Muslims and the renegades commanded by Musaylama-t-ul-kazzâb, who claimed to be a prophet. Wahshî ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ joined the battle and killed the false prophet, with the same sword he had used to martyr Hadrat Hamza. It was then realized what a great miracle (mu’jiza) it was that the Prophet had sent him to Yamâma. Wahshî ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ joined various other Holy Wars and passed away during the caliphate of ’Uthmân ‘radiy- Allâhu ’anh’. – 133 –

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