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Islam and Christianity

ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim. For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter. Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.

We have already touched

We have already touched upon the awe and the alarm that the Messenger of Allah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ felt with this first revelation. He had never imagined that Allâhu ta’âlâ would assign him the extremely great and heavy task of announcing a new religion. Contrary to the recurrent Christian allegations, the initial five âyats of the Muzammil Sûra, which purport, “O thou, (Muhammad), folded in garments!” “Stand to prayer by night, but not all night,” “Half of it, or a little less,” “Or a little more; and recite the Qur’ân in slow, measured rhythmic tones.” “Soon shall We send down to thee A WEIGHTY TASK QUITE DIFFICULT TO CARRY,” (73-1, 2, 3, 4, 5) indicate that he was not a self-appointed prophet and that he did not even know that Allâhu ta’âlâ was going to give him a great task and he was going to endure inconceivably heavy burdens. How challenging the task was is apparent in the fact that as soon as Muhammad ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ began to publicize Islam he was surrounded by a number of enemies. Despite all his efforts, the number of Believers was no more than fifty-six, forty-five men and eleven women, [according to the account given in Medârij and Zerkânî], by the sixth year of Islam, as of the day when ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ joined the Believers. Nevertheless, having an utterly honest, pure, and perfect personality, and recognizing the paramount importance of the duty Allâhu ta’âlâ had given him, the Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ faced the dangers and endured the difficulties with great intrepidity and determination, and accomplished the task with success. Let us repeat once again that the entire world respects the Messenger of Allah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ and no one, with the exception of a few bigoted priests, has ever criticized him. Let us read together an article about Muhammad ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ and Islam, which appeared in an encyclopaedia entitled Kurschner, published in Stutgart, Germany, in 1305 [1888 C.E.]. We have chosen that encyclopaedia as the source of our citation because books in that category have to abide by the truth as long as it is possible. What concerns us in this connection is its comments on the moral quality and the virtues of our Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’. Since it reflects the opinions which the Christian scientists of the previous century entertained concerning the Islamic religion, we have paraphrased the following passage in its entirety: – 144 –

“Muhammad’s ‘alaihis-salâm’ registered name is Abul-qâsim bin Abdullah. He is the founder of the Islamic religion. He was born in the city of Mecca in 571, on the twentieth of April. From his childhood, he engaged in trade, made numerous journeys(!), established contacts with people, and evinced an omnifarious interest in learning. He married Hadîja, the young widow of a deceased wealthy merchant, who had hired him for the management of the business she had inherited from her husband. In 610 he came up with the conviction that he was a prophet receiving messages from Allah, and embarked on an assiduous activity to communicate to the idolatrous Arabs the CONCEPT of ONE ALLAH. Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’ believed with all his heart that Allâhu ta’âlâ had given him this duty. Although the majority of Meccans were against him, rejected his ideas vehemently, and even tried to kill him, he would not give up his struggle, and went on with his activity. Eventually, when the oppressions of his adversaries were too heavy for him to bear, he left the city of Mecca, and migrated to Yathrib [Medina]. Muslims call his migration Hijrat (Hegira] and accept the date as the beginning of their calendar. Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’ found many supporters in Medina. What he wanted to do was to correct the Arabs’ religion, idolatry, and to prove to them the unity of Allah. According to Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’, the religious essentials communicated by the Prophets Ibrâhîm (Abraham), Mûsâ (Moses), and Îsâ (Jesus) ‘alaihim-us-salâm’ were the same, and the religions taught by these Prophets were true. Later, however, the last two religions were interpolated and turned into Judaism and Christianity with the wrong tenets and heresies inserted into them in the course of time. Muhammad ‘alaihissalâm’ was telling everybody that all those former religions were the continuations of one another and that Islam was the most consummate and the purest form of all those religions. “Islam means ‘to submit oneself entirely (to Allah’s Will).’ The Qur’ân al-kerîm is the Holy Book of the Islamic religion. Whereas in the holy books belonging to the other religions mention is made only to spiritual matters, the Quar’ân al-kerîm also contains social, economical and jurisprudential teachings. These teachings include a number of principles that people should observe in worldly life, and even several principles of civil code. In addition, it contains commandments as to how to perform acts of worship, how to fast, and how to wash, as well as admonitions that other people and votaries of other religions should be treated – 145 –

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